Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
1933 Chronology

1933 January 6 - .
  • Birth of Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Makarov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18-1, Salyut 6 EP-1, Salyut 6 EO-5. Survived first manned spaceflight abort during launch..

1933 January 18 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Yevgrafovich Bugrov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bugrov. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1966-1968..

1933 January 29 - .
  • Birth of Ordinard Panteleymonovich Kolomiytsev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kolomiytsev. Russian scientist cosmonaut, 1967-1968..

1933 February 12 - .
  • Birth of Ivan Nikolayevich Anikeyev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Anikeyev. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. Left with Filatyev and Nelyubov after alcohol incident. After discharge, again served as Air Force pilot and then navigation officer for ground control services of the Soviet Air Force..

1933 March 15 - .
  • Birth of Gerbert Aleksandrovich Yefremov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Yefremov. Russian engineer. Chief Designer, Chelomei design bureau, 1971-2000.

1933 March 16 - . Launch Vehicle: Schmiedl.
  • Final Schmiedl rocket mail service. - . Nation: Austria. Related Persons: Schmiedl. Apogee: 2.50 km (1.50 mi). Schmiedl conducts his final rocket mail 'service' with 379 letters aboard his S1 two-stage rocket over a distance of 5 km at Graz between Sankt Martin and Grazer Feld..

1933 March 22 - . Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Magdeburg Project tests - . Nation: Germany.

    A test stand is completed for ground test of rocket engines of up to 1000 kgf. Tests of the 200 kgf motor begin on 22 March. Motors explode on 25 March and 3 April, but by the end of April, 20 test runs have been conducted and the motor is considered reliable enough for flight test (despite several burn-throughs of the throat).


1933 April - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. Launch Vehicle: Zucker Rocket.
  • Zucker rocket launched at Cuxhaven - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Zucker. Apogee: 0.0150 km (0.0093 mi).

    Zucker's amazing 'operational rocket'. was supposedly a recoverable cruise missile, 5 m long, with a thrust of 360 kg and a takeoff mass of 200 kg. In actuality the missile was only an enormous hull equipped with eight powder rockets. Zucker showed up in Cuxhaven on the German North Sea coast in the winter of 1933, ready for a long-range demonstration (15 km, from the coast to Neuhaven Island). After being stuck in a ditch while being taken out to the field for a February launch attempt, the great day finally came in April 1933. A huge crowd of local folk and officials gathered to witness the event. After staggering 15 m into the air, the torpedo came crashing down.


1933 May 14 - . Launch Vehicle: ARS.
  • AIS rocket first test. - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 0.0800 km (0.0497 mi). American Interplanetary Society Rocket No. 2 successfully fired at Marine Park, Staten Island, New York. It reached an altitude of 80 m in two seconds before the liquid oxygen tank burst..

1933 May 19 - .
  • Birth of James Alan 'Abe' Abrahamson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Abrahamson. American pilot astronaut, 1967-1969. Director of the Strategic Defense Initiative.

1933 May 23 - .
  • Birth of Bruce A Peterson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Peterson, Bruce. American test pilot, 1960-1967. Flew M2 lifting body, assigned to management after injury in a landing accident..

1933 June 1 - .
  • Goddard develops ramjet engine fuel pump. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Robert H. Goddard developed component of modern ramjet engine with construction of a rocket fuel pump at Clark University..

1933 June 9 - . Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Magdeburg launch attempt - . Nation: Germany.

    First attempt to launch the subscale prototype of the Magdeburg Pilot Rocket. A launch stand 9 m tall is erected in the countryside near Magdeburg. However the rocket develops insufficient thrust to clear the tower. Other attempts on 10 and 11 June are also unsuccessful, due to leaky valves and other quality problems. The rocket is returned to the shop for rework.


1933 June 19 - .
  • Birth of Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Related Persons: Patsayev. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Flew on Soyuz 11. Member of first crew to stay aboard a space station, however perished during landing. A street in Kaluga and Asteroid 1791 were named for him..

1933 June 29 - . Launch Site: Magdeburg. Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Magdeburg launch - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 0.0100 km (0.0062 mi). Range: 0.31 km (0.19 mi).

    The 200 kgf prototype rocket is finally launched. However it catches on one of the rails in the launch tower and is flung horizontally as it clears the tower. It flies 300 m horizontally over the pastures, then slides along the ground for 10 m more. It is relatively intact, but the Magdeburg city officials are not interested in funding further attempts. Nebel receives only 3200 Marks for his work.


Early July 1933 - . Launch Site: Magdeburg. Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Nebel rocket - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Range: 0.10 km (0.06 mi).

    The Magdeburg prototype rocket is reworked into a four-stick design and flown from Lindwerder Island at Tegeler Lake near Berlin. It reaches 1000 m, loops a few times, then thrusts straight toward the earth. The parachute deploys at the last moment and the rocket splashes down in the lake 100 m from the launch stand. It is recovered.


1933 July 21 - . Launch Site: Magdeburg. Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Nebel rocket - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 0.0060 km (0.0037 mi). After an aborted launch, the rocket does clear the tower but on oxidiser valve fails to open. The rocket reaches only 60 m but splashes down in the lake and is recovered..

1933 August 3 - . Launch Site: Schwielow Lake. Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Nebel rocket - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 0.0010 km (0.0006 mi). After objections by the owner of the previous launch location, tests are moved to Schwielow Lake, with launch from the stand erected on a motor boat. The rocket explodes soon after lift-off..

1933 August 11 - . LV Family: GIRD. Launch Vehicle: GIRD-09. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GIRD-09 launch attempt. - . Nation: Russia. Launch failure..

1933 August 11 - . Launch Site: Schwielow Lake. Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Nebel rocket - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 0.0020 km (0.0012 mi). Second attempt from Schwielow Lake. The rocket goes horizontal and hits the water in the lake's steamboat channel. It cannot be recovered..

1933 August 13 - . LV Family: GIRD. Launch Vehicle: GIRD-09. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GIRD-09 launch attempt. - . Nation: Russia. Launch failure..

1933 August 16 - .
  • Birth of Stuart Allen 'Stu' Roosa - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Roosa. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 14..

1933 August 17 - . LV Family: GIRD. Launch Vehicle: GIRD-09.
  • First Russian hybrid rocket launch. - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 0.40 km (0.25 mi). Russian hybrid propellant rocket, designed by M. K. Tikhonravov, successfully flown. Reached 400 m; design altitude of 5000 m not reached due to loss of pressure integrity of the motor flank..

1933 August 19 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Borisovich Alekseyev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Alekseyev. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983..

1933 August 31 - . Launch Site: Schwielow Lake. Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Nebel rocket - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi). Third launch from Schwielow Lake. Rocket flies out of sight and is not found..

1933 September - .
  • New Guggenheim grant for Goddard - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard.

    A grant from the Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Foundation allows Goddard to conduct a more extended laboratory program of rocket engine tests through 1934. Studies were made in these two years of insulators, welding methods for light metals, gyroscopic balancers, reciprocating and centrifugal pumps, jet pumps, and rocket chambers utilising atmospheric air, similar to the later V-l 'buzz bomb'.


1933 September 9 - . Launch Site: Schwielow Lake. Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Nebel rocket - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 0.10 km (0.06 mi). Fourth launch from Schwielow Lake. This employs a new design with two longer tanks in place of four shorter propellant tanks. Results 'poor'..

1933 September 10 - .
  • Birth of Yevgeni Vassilyevich Khrunov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Khrunov. Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4/5. Member of first crew to transfer between spacecraft..

1933 September 18 - .
  • Birth of Valentina Leonidovna Ponomaryova - . Nation: Russia, Ukraine. Related Persons: Ponomaryova. Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. Was married to astronaut Yuri Ponomaryov..

1933 September 18 - . Launch Site: Schwielow Lake. Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Nebel rocket - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 0.10 km (0.06 mi). Final launch from Schwielow Lake using the new design. Results again 'poor'..

1933 September 29 - .
  • Birth of Mars Zakirovich Rafikov - . Nation: Kyrgyzstan. Related Persons: Rafikov. Tatar-Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1962..

1933 September 30 - . Launch Site: Raketenflugplatz. Launch Complex: Raketenflugplatz.
  • End of Raketenflugplatz - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Nebel, Riedel, Klaus.

    Nebel is presented with a water bill of 1600 Marks for 1930-1933. He and the VfR are unable to pay, so the government cancels the lease and takes the property back. Klaus Riedel manages to arrange employment for himself and several of the VfR technicians with Siemens, which also agrees to allow them to store the Raketenflugplatz rockets and technical materials in a company warehouse. After Riedel and the others are recruited by the Army and leave for Peenemuende, Nebel allegedly sells of these materials. In any case they disappear.


October 1933 - .
  • Saenger proposal to the Austrian Army - . Nation: Austria. Related Persons: Saenger. Saenger proposes development of a rocket-powered hypersonic bomber..

1933 October 10 - . Launch Vehicle: Tiling.
  • Death of Tiling - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Tiling.

    In his propellant processing room, where he uses his proprietary process to compress black powder into solid rocket propellant, a fire breaks out. Tiling, and his assistant Angelika Buddenboehmer, are killed. Earlier he had demonstrated his rockets to a small crowd at Tempelhof Airfield in Berlin, but the rest of the event was called off by police after one of his first shots went into the grandstands


1933 October 10 - .
  • Death of Reinhold Tiling - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Tiling. German rocket pioneer, developed wing-recovered powder rockets. Inspired by Oberth lecture in 1924. By 1931 demonstrated stable flight to 7 km, first rocket launch from airplane 1932. Killed 1933 in an explosion..

1933 October 13 - .
  • British Interplanetary Society founded - . Nation: UK.

1933 October 17 - .
  • Birth of William Alison 'Bill' Anders - . Nation: China, USA. Related Persons: Anders. American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 8. Member of first crew to orbit the moon..

1933 October 22 - .
  • Birth of Dr Donald Herod 'Don' Peterson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Peterson. American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-6..

Late 1933 - . LV Family: German Rocketplanes. Launch Vehicle: Saenger Antipodal Bomber.
  • Saenger begins rocket engine tests. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Saenger. Eugen Saenger begins a series of rocket engine tests in Vienna. He methodically explores various propellant combinations and additives through the end of 1934..

1933 November 5 - . LV Family: GIRD. Launch Vehicle: GIRD-09. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GIRD-09 launch attempt. - . Nation: Russia. Launch failure..

1933 November 6 - . LV Family: GIRD. Launch Vehicle: GIRD-09. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GIRD-09 launch attempt. - . Nation: Russia. Launch failure..

1933 November 10 - .
  • Birth of Ronald Ellwin Jr 'Ron' Evans - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Evans. American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 17..

1933 November 14 - .
  • Birth of Fred Wallace Jr 'Pecky' Haise - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Haise. American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 13. Survived first emergency beyond low earth orbit. Altitude (401,056 km) record..

1933 November 21 - .
  • Birth of Henry Warren Jr 'Hank' Hartsfield - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hartsfield. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-4, STS-41-D, STS-61-A..

1933 November 25 - . LV Family: GIRD. Launch Vehicle: GIRD-10. FAILURE: Failure.
  • GIRD-10 launch. - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 0.0800 km (0.0497 mi). First Soviet liquid-propellant rocket. It reached 80 m altitude before the combustion chamber burned through..

1933 December 15 - . LV Family: German Rocketplanes. Launch Vehicle: Saenger Antipodal Bomber.
  • Rakatenflugtechnik published. - . Nation: Germany. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Eugen Sänger of Germany published his classic Rakatenflugtechnic, which dealt with rocket motor design and high-speed flight in the atmosphere..

End 1933 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende.
  • The VfR rocket team unravels. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Ley, Nebel. Willy Ley decides to leave for America in the face of increased Nazi domination of German society. Most of the VfR experimenters end up at Peenemuende, working on development of the V-2. Some, such as Nebel, remain private citizens..


Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
© 1997-2017 Mark Wade - Contact
© / Conditions for Use