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1918 Chronology

1918 January 13 - .
  • Birth of Walter Jacobi - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Jacobi. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1918 March - . Launch Vehicle: Paris Gun.
  • Paris Gun begins bombardment of Paris - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Range: 131 km (81 mi).

    The rail-mounted weapon could hurl a 120 kg shell with 7 kg of explosive to a range of 131 km. During the 170 second trajectory the shell reached a maximum altitude at the edge of space - 40 km. This was the highest altitude attained by a man-made object until the first successful V-2 flight. From March through August of 1918, three of the guns shot 351 shells at Paris from the woods of Crepy, killing 256 and wounding 620. As a military weapon the gun was a failure - the payload was minuscule, the barrel needed replacement after 65 shots, and the accuracy was only good enough for city-sized targets. But as a psychological tool it was remembered when the V-1, V-2 and V-3 weapons were being developed two decades later.


1918 May 27 - .
  • Birth of Theodor Anton Poppel - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Poppel. German-American engineer, ember of von Braun's team, expert in guided missile ground support during WW2, and continued in that role in the US. Played a key role in designing Saturn I LC34, and the Saturn V's VAB and Transporter-Crawler..

1918 May 29 - .
  • Birth of Valentin Yakovlevich Likhushin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Likhushin. Russian engineer. Director of NII-1 1955-1988. Specialised in advanced engines..

1918 June 22 - .
  • Birth of Fritz Vandersee - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Vandersee. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1918 July 15 - .
  • Birth of Philip T Gardner - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gardner, Philip. American engineer. Manager of test laboratories for the Atlas program..

1918 July 20 - .
  • Birth of Grigoriy Vasilyevich Kisunko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kisunko. Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1953-1975 of KB-1 and later of OKB-30. Led work on early anti-ballistic missiles and ASATs..

1918 July 24 - .
  • Birth of Otto Meier - . Nation: Germany, Russia. Related Persons: Meier. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Oxygen Plant; Laboratory Department..

1918 August 9 - .
  • Birth of Nikolai Nikolayevich Smirnitskiy - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Smirnitskiy. Russian officer. Commander of GURVO 1967-1975. Thereafter moved to Ministry of General Machine Building..

1918 August 30 - .
  • Birth of Sergei Aleksandrovich Afanasyev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei. Russian politician. First Minister of General Machine Building, in charge of the Soviet ballistic rocket and space industries, from 1965-1983..

1918 September 27 - .
  • Birth of Andrei Grigoryevich Karas - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Karas. Russian officer, Commander, TsUKOS / GUKOS 1965-1979. Ended WW2 as commander of an artillery corps. After study at Dzerzhinsky, assigned to Kapustin Yar from 1951, followed by assignments at 4 NIIP MO and Baikonur. Chief of TsKIK 1959-1965..

1918 September 27 - .
  • Birth of Konstantin Vasilyevich Gerchik - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gerchik. Russian officer. Colonel-General, Commander of the RVSN Strategic Rocket Forces from August 1972 to 1979..

1918 October 26 - .
  • Birth of Vincent L Johnson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Johnson, Vincent. American engineer, at USN 1947-1960, NASA 1960-1974. Program manager for Scout, Delta, and Centaur..

1918 October 30 - .
  • Birth of Robert C Seamans - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. American engineer. Key leadership positions at NASA 1960-1968 during the Apollo program..

1918 November 1 - .
  • Birth of Viktor Pavlovich Morozov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Morozov. Russian officer. Chaired the Scientific-Technical Committee of the Strategic Missile Fortes 1962-1967..

1918 November 4 - .
  • Birth of Werner Baum - . Nation: Germany, Russia. Related Persons: Baum. German engineer, member of Rocket Team in the Soviet Union after WW2. Worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952 as Deputy of the Chief and Technical Designer; Dept. 61..

1918 November 6 - .
  • Goddard demonstrates rockets to US government. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard.

    After demonstrations to Army officers of work achieved at Mt Wilson, Goddard is requested to demonstrate his rockets at the Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland. The scientists and representatives of the Signal Corps, Air Service, Army Ordnance, are most impressed ('this will revolutionise warfare'). Goddard admits that his cartridge rocket concepts have been less successful and 'need further work'. The next day, Germany surrenders, World War I ends, and funding dries up.


1918 November 7 - .
  • Birth of Armen Sergeyevich Mnatsakanian - . Nation: Armenia, Russia. Related Persons: Mnatsakanian. Armenian-Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1953-1969 of Nll-648. Specialised in spacecraft telemetry and radar systems..

1918 November 9 - .
  • Birth of Spiro T Agnew - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Agnew. American politician. Vice President of the United States, 1968-1973..

1918 November 27 - .
  • Birth of Boris Yevgenyevich Paton - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Paton. Russian engineer. Director of Institute of Electrical Welding from 1953. Developed equipment for N1 fabrication and the Vulkan space welding unit..

1918 December 9 - .
  • Birth of Alvin Swauger White - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: White, Alvin. American test pilot, 1954-1967. Chief test pilot for the XB-70..

1918 December 12 - .
  • Birth of Oleg Georgyevich Gazenko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gazenko. Russian physician. Director of IMBP 1969-1988. Performed early work on space medicine..


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