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VKS-DM
Part of VKS series Family
Russian winged orbital launch vehicle. Air launched from Gerakl / NPO Molniya-1000 heavy-lift aircraft, catamaran layout, twin-fuselage triplane. Release conditions: Suspended load, 450,000 kg, 900 kph at 9,500 m altitude. Effective velocity gain compared to vertical launch 270 m/s.

Status: Study 1988. Gross mass: 450,000 kg (990,000 lb). Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

to: 200 km orbit at 51.00 degrees.

Family: aircraft-launched, orbital launch vehicle, Winged. Country: Russia. Agency: Molniya bureau.


  • First flight of Molniya-1 triplane. - . Nation: Russia. Subscale proof-of-concept vehicle for Gerakl / Molniya-1000 catamaran subsonic 900 tonne aircraft design that would be used for VKS-DM spaceplane..


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