AKA: 9M38;Gadfly;M-22;SA-N-7;Shtil (export). Status: Operational 1983. Payload: 70 kg (154 lb).
At the end of the1970's, NPO Altair under G N Volgin developed the mid-range naval Shtil (Uragan) surface-to-air missile which was deployed on a wide range of naval vessels. NPO Altair was previously the All-Union State Institute for Telemechanics and Communications, and before that NII-10, where the Volna, the first Soviet surface-to-air missile, was developed. The Shtil was a multi-target, modular design with high military availability and reliability. The missile didn't rely on the ship's search-tracking radar for homing but rather used triangulation from three receivers to home on the radiation being emitted by the radars, data-links, or other communications of attacking anti-ship missiles or aircraft. The system had a reaction time of six seconds and could be used on ships of 1500 tonnes or larger, equipped with three-dimensional 360 degree observation radars. The system was also equipped with a backup television-optical guidance mode for use in the case of jamming, stealthy, or non-emitting targets. A single vessel could be equipped with between 24 and 96 of the 9M38 missiles, which were developed by L V Lyulev at EMKB Novator. The system was accepted for military production in 1983.
Radars: MR-750 Top Steer target acquisition radar, D/E band, range 300 km. 3R90 Orekh Front Dome target tracking radar, H/I band, range 30 km. 30 m minimum altitude.
|Uragan 9K37M1 Russian surface-to-air missile. Export version of the Uragan surface-to-air missile system.|
|Uragan 3M90 Russian surface-to-air missile. VMF version of the Uragan surface-to-air missile system.|