Encyclopedia Astronautica

N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 179,000/9,000 kg. Thrust 3,265.14 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 289 seconds.

Cost $ : 6.000 million. No Engines: 4.

AKA: L-180.
Status: Development ended 1997.
Gross mass: 179,000 kg (394,000 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 9,000 kg (19,800 lb).
Height: 23.08 m (75.72 ft).
Diameter: 3.35 m (10.99 ft).
Span: 7.00 m (22.90 ft).
Thrust: 3,265.14 kN (734,033 lbf).
Specific impulse: 289 s.
Specific impulse sea level: 259 s.
Burn time: 155 s.
Number: 25 .

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • YF-20B Beijing Wan Yuan N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 816.3 kN. In production. Isp=289s. Boosted CZ-2C, CZ-2D, CZ-2E, CZ-2E(A), CZ-3A, CZ-3B, CZ-3C, CZ-4A. First flight 1988. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • CZ-3A Chinese three-stage orbital launch vehicle. The Long March 3A, by incorporating the mature technologies of the CZ-3 and adding a more powerful cryogenic third stage and more capable control system, had a greater geosynchronous transfer orbit capability, greater flexibility for attitude control, and better adaptability to a variety of launch missions. More...
  • CZ-3B Chinese orbital launch vehicle. The Long March 3B was the most powerful Long March launch vehicle. It could inject a 5,000 kg payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit. The CZ-3B was developed on the basis of the CZ-3A, but had enlarged propellant tanks, larger fairing, and four boosters strapped onto the core stage. The CZ-3B boosters were identical to those of the CZ-3A. More...
  • CZ-3C Chinese orbital launch vehicle. Launch vehicle combining CZ-3B core with two boosters from CZ-2E. The standard fairing was 9.56 m long, 4.0 m in diameter. On August 23, 2001, the CZ-3C launcher passed its critical design review. CZ-3C development had begun in 1995 but was suspended in 1996-2000 due to the 1996 CZ-3B failure. First launch was in 2008. More...

Associated Propellants
  • N2O4/UDMH Nitrogen tetroxide became the storable liquid propellant of choice from the late 1950's. Unsymmetrical Dimethylhydrazine ((CH3)2NNH2) became the storable liquid fuel of choice by the mid-1950's. Development of UDMH in the Soviet Union began in 1949. It is used in virtually all storable liquid rocket engines except for some orbital manoeuvring engines in the United States, where MMH has been preferred due to a slightly higher density and performance. More...

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