Encyclopedia Astronautica
Jiuquan LA3


R-2, DF-2, DF-1 launch complex.

Longitude: 100.7800 deg.
Latitude: 41.0152 deg.
First Launch: 1960.09.01.
Last Launch: 1966.10.27.
Number: 10 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-2 Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. The Soviet R-2 ballistic missile was developed in 1947-1953, nearly in parallel with the R-1 from which it derived. It incorporated many detailed improvements, had double the range of the R-1 and V-2, and was equipped with a deadly radiological warhead. The ethyl alcohol used in the V-2 and R-1 was replaced by methyl alcohol in the R-2, eliminating the problem of the launch troops drinking up the rocket fuel. Versions of the R-2 for suborbital manned flight were studied by Korolev in 1956-1958, but it was decided instead to move directly to orbital flights of the Vostok. However some equipment tested on the R-2 found its way onto canine flights of Sputnik and Vostok. The R-2 design was transferred to China in 1957 to 1961, providing the technical basis of the Chinese rocket industry. More...
  • DF-2 First Chinese IRBM, a single stage missile with the objective of carrying a 1500 kg warhead to Japan. The starting point for the design were R-12 construction drawings and a single exemplar of the missile provided by the Soviet Union prior to the break with Moscow in 1960. Following protracted development the design was accepted by the Chinese military for service in 1970. More...
  • DF-2A Chinese intermediate range ballistic missile. Extended-range version of DF-2. The missile featured reduced thrust, but 20% more range, and used autonomous gyroscopic guidance in place of the DF-2's radio system. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Jiuquan China's first launch center, also known as Shuang Cheng Tzu. Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre, situated at 100 degrees East, 41 degrees North, is located in the Jiuquan Region, Gansu province, north-western China. It was China's first ballistic missile and satellite launch centre. More...

Jiuquan LA3 Chronology


1960 September 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
  • - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: The rocket was built in the Soviet Union but used Chinese propellants. This launch took place just a month after all Soviet experts were withdrawn from China..

1960 November 5 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: First launch of all-Chinese version of Russian R-2, model 1059. Radio guidance was used. Nie Rongzhen is present to observe the event..

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Two further launches are made from Jiuquan..

1962 March 21 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2. FAILURE: Failure of guidance and engine mounting. Impacted after 69 seconds of flight.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). First DF-2 launch attempt. The rocket impacted the earth after only 69 seconds of flight. Fundamental design errors were discovered in calculating flexing of the rocket in flight, placement of the guidance system, and engine mounting. The missile was completely redesigned for reduced thrust.

1964 June 29 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: This followed a two-year complete redesign and test program following the first launch failure in 1962. The reduced-thrust missile had a range of 1050 km with a 1550 kg warhead, barely enough to reach Japan..

1964 July 9 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 July 11 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

November 1965 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2A.
  • First successful test of DF-2A. - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: First launch of redesigned DF-2. The flight demonstrated a 20% improvement in range for the same 1500 kg payload, and replaced the radio guidance of the DF-2 with an autonoumous gyroscopic system..

1966 October 27 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2A.
  • Nuclear test - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). DF-2A launched with a 1290 kg, 12 kt warhead from Jiuquan flew over a range of 800 km to Lop Nor, where the warhead successfully exploded. The Ninth Academy was responsible for development of the nuclear package. Tsien protégé Guo Yonghuai was the liaison between the Fifth and Ninth Academies for the development.

1971 Nov - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • - . Nation: China. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • - . Nation: China. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • - . Nation: China. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use