Encyclopedia Astronautica

Credit: © Mark Wade
South Korean space center, built on Woenaro Island, off the Goheung peninsula, at the southern end of the Korean peninsula. The space center would be built in four phases through 2015 on a 4.95 million square meter landfill on the shore of the island.

The total area was planned to be 500,000 square meters, including 300,000 square meters of buildings. By the end of Phase 4 it was to comprise two launch pads, a combustion test building, a radar center, an observatory tower, a launch control center, surveillance radar, a helipad, generator buildings, support equipment storage warehouses, a meteorological office, quarters, a press center, a satellite assembly shop, a space experience hall and an optical tracking center. A total of 125 million dollars would be expended through Phase I in 2005, with the final total cost through 2015 expected to be $ 4.3 billion. The center was eventually expected to provide 5,200 jobs. Woenaro Island had an area of 26.5 square kilometers and a pre-construction population of 4,000. The island had a shoreline of 45 kilometers and its highest point was 393 meters above sea level.

Location: Goheung, Jeollanamdo.
Longitude: 127.5279 deg.
Latitude: 34.4258 deg.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
  • Korea South South Korea became familiar with large-scale rocketry through maintenance and modification activities on American-supplied Honest John and Nike Hercules tactical missiles. By the 1990's Korea had developed an independent capability to manufacture solid propellant rocket motors of up to one tonne mass. In 1990 KARI was funded to build the first indigenous sounding rockets, flown as the KSR-I and KSR-II. In December 1997 KARI was allowed to proceed with development of liquid oxygen/kerosene rocket motor for an orbital launcher, but this was abandoned when the South Korean government decided it wanted to be among the top ten spacefaring nations by 2015. The existing program was too limited in growth potential to allow that. Therefore it was decided to leapfrog the technology by contracting with Russian companies. First launch of the KSLV-I launch vehicle from the new space centre took place in 2010. More...

See also
  • KSLV South Korean launch vehicle family. Originally they were to be of completely indigenous design; but in 2005 it was announced that they would use the (in-development, unflown) Russian Angara booster module as the basis. The program, like that of the Angara, was subject to continuous funding shortages and schedule delays. First launch 2009.08.25. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • KSLV-III South Korean launch vehicle, to consist of a Russian Angara first stage, a South Korean liquid propellant second stage, and a South Korean solid propellant apogee kick motor. Scheduled for first flight by 2015. In August 2006 the Korean press reported that the first and second stages would both be Angara-UM modules... how this configuration would work (stacked versus parallel) was unclear. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • KARI South Korean agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Korea Aerospace Research Institute, Korea South. More...

Goheung Chronology

2009 August 25 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Goheung. LV Family: KSLV. Launch Vehicle: KSLV-I. LV Configuration: Naro KSLV-1. FAILURE: First and second stages operated correctly, but half of payload fairing failed to separate. Extra mass prevented the second stage and payload from reaching orbital velocity, and the satellite reentered over New Guinea..
2010 June 10 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Goheung. LV Family: KSLV. Launch Vehicle: KSLV-I. LV Configuration: Naro-1. FAILURE: First stage failure..
  • STSAT-2B - . Mass: 99 kg (218 lb). Nation: Korea South. Agency: KARI. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: STSAT. Summary: Science and Technology Satellite with Lyman-alpha imaging solar telescope and laser altimeter..

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