Encyclopedia Astronautica
Gitdaeryung



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Musudan
Credit: © Mark Wade
North Korean intermediate missile base, south east of Wonson, said to be capable of launching Scud-C's, SCUD-X's and Nodong-A ballistic missiles. Known to have been used for 18 launches from 1984 to 2006, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude.

AKA: Kittaeryong.
Location: Anbyun, Kangwon-do.
Longitude: 129.6659 deg.
Latitude: 40.8557 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Kwangmyongsong North Korean communications technology satellite. One launch, 1998.08.31. Payload of the first attempted North Korean satellite launch. More...

See also
  • R-17 The final refinement of the R-11 design, the R-17, was exported widely and became infamous around the world by its ASCC reporting name - "Scud". It was perhaps the most famous ballistic missile of the post-war period due to its use in the Iran-Iraq 'War of the Cities' and the Gulf War. This was the definitive production version of what was essentially a storable-propellant rocket with the performance of the V-2. More...
  • Taepodong North Korean long-range ballitic missile and satellite launch vehicle consisted of a No-Dong 1 IRBM as the first stage, and a derivative of the Scud-C SRBM as the second stage. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Hwasong 5 North Korean mobile liquid propellant single stage tactical ballistic missile. Reverse-engineered from Russian R-17's provided by Egypt around 1980. Often referred to as 'Scud-B'. 340 km range compared to 300 km for the original R-17 design. More...
  • Nodong North Korean intermediate range ballistic missile. Single stage vehicle, basis for Iranian Shahab 3 and Pakistani Ghauri. More...
  • Hwasong 6 North Korean mobile liquid propellant single stage tactical ballistic missile. Derived from Russian R-17, often referred to as 'Scud-C'. The Hwasong had a 500 km range, achieved by halving the payload. More...
  • Hwasong 7 North Korean mobile liquid propellant single stage tactical ballistic missile. Derived from Russian R-17, often referred to as 'Scud-D'. The Hwasong had a 700 km range with a 500 kg payload and went into service in 1994. More...
  • Taepodong 1 North Korean orbital launch vehicle. The third stage for the satellite launch version was probably a small solid rocket engine. It failed to reach orbit in the 1998 launch attempt, and later such tests are believed to have used a different design. More...
  • Taepodong 2 North Korean intermediate range ballistic missile. Two-stage ballistic missile. First stage is 18 m long, second is 14 m long. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Gitdaeryung Chronology


1984 April 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 5.
1984 September 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 5.
1984 September 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 5.
1990 May 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: CMIK. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1990 June 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1992 June 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong. FAILURE: Failure.
1993 May 29 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1993 May 29 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: CMIK. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1993 May 29 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1993 May 30 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1998 August 31 - . 03:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: Taepodong. Launch Vehicle: Taepodong 1. FAILURE: Third stage failure.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Kwangmyongsong 1 - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: Choson. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kwangmyongsong. COSPAR: F980831A. North Korea reported the launch of its first satellite on the first of September. This announcement was followed on September 14 by the release of a photograph of the satellite and the claim that the satellite had completed its 100th orbit of the earth between 08:24 and 11:17 local time (2017 GMT) on September 13. Video of the launch, the satellite, and an animation of the satellite in orbit around the earth were distributed to foreign news agencies the following weekend. The satellite appeared almost identical to the first Chinese test satellite (which itself appeared almost identical to the US Telstar).

    Despite these claims no foreign observer ever detected the satellite visually, by radar, or picked up its radio signals. The Pentagon at first claimed it was an ICBM launch, and that the satellite story was just a cover for the test. However on further analysis of the data collected on the launch they admitted nearly a month later that there had been some a satellite launch attempt. What seems to have happened is that the third stage either failed and fell into the Pacific or misfired and put the satellite into a low orbit where it decayed very quickly before it could be detected by foreign observers. Additional Details: here....


2006 July 4 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
2006 July 4 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
2006 July 4 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: Taepodong. Launch Vehicle: Taepodong 2. FAILURE: Failure.
2006 July 4 - . 22:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • North Korean missile test - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: CMIK. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 July 4 - . 22:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
2006 July 4 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
2006 July 5 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
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