Encyclopedia Astronautica
Biscarosse



biscaros.gif
Biscarosse
Credit: © Mark Wade
In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island.

This was supplemented by a tracking ship (the Henri Poincare, operational from March 1968 to 1991, and then the Monge).

The site became operational for short-range missile tests in March 1964. The first test of a prototypes of the SSBS strategic missile began on 15 February, 1966. Tests of the MSBS SLBM and Pluton tactical nuclear missile began in 1968. Tests of the Hades tactical missile began in 1988.

Biscarosse was known to have been used for 175 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1560 kilometers altitude. The actual number including missile tests was much greater.

Location: Centre d'Essais de Landes, Biscarosse, Landes.
Longitude: -1.2548 deg.
Latitude: 44.3403 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...
  • Berenice Berenice was Onera's successor to the Antares re-entry vehicle test booster. It was nearly double the mass of Antares. More...
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...
  • Diamant In December 1961 France decided to demonstrate an indigenous satellite-launch capability, using stages in development for its ballistic missile program. Following careful evolutionary development, Diamant was successful on its first attempt in 1965. Improved versions were flown over the next ten years. More...
  • Europa Europe's first space launcher. The first stage was a British Blue Streak IRBM, the second stage the French Coralie, and the third stage the German Astris. All orbital launch attempts failed due to unreliability of the third stage. The project was cancelled after withdrawal of British support and replaced by the Ariane. More...
  • Hawk American surface-to-air missile and sounding rocket family. More...
  • MSBS Family of French submarine-launched ballistic missiles. More...
  • Stromboli The second series of Sud Aviation sounding rockets were designed to carry large diameter payloads, and used Stromboli motors only. More...
  • Viper Single stage sounding rocket developed as a follow-on to the Loki-Dart. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Dragon 1 French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket. The Belier upper stage was augmented by a Stromboli booster with 686 kg of solid propellant. The rocket was spin stabilised by small solid rocket engines on the four fins. More...
  • Rubis French orbital launch vehicle. Two-stage test vehicle consisting of 1 x Agate + 1 x P064. It was designed to test the upper stage and payload elements of the Diamant orbital launcher. These included fairing jettison, spin-up, release, and ignition of the P064 final stage. Six launches were used to validate the design and led to the success of the Diamant on its first flight. The last four launches were made on behalf of CNES to validate payloads for the D1 satellite and carry scientific instruments for the Paris Observatory and Max Planck Institute. More...
  • Tacite French sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket using a single Stromboli SEPR 739-2 stage with 'Plastoline' propellant. Stabilisation was by four fins and a nitrogen cold-gas spin thrusters. More...
  • Cora European orbital launch vehicle. Cora was an experimental rocket to test the second and third stages of the Europa launch vehicle. More...
  • Dauphin French sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket consisting of a single Stromboli motor. More...
  • Dragon 2B French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Stromboli + 1 x Belier II More...
  • Belier III French sounding rocket. Improved Belier single stage vehicle, using a Vega motor loaded with 230.5 kg of 'Isolane' propellant with a specific impulse of 240 seconds. More...
  • Dragon 3 French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Stromboli + 1 x Belier III More...
  • MSBS M1 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x SEP 901 + 1 x Rita I More...
  • Tibere French test vehicle. Tibere was an atmospheric re-entry test vehicle derived from the earlier Berenice. Development was authorized in 1965 to support the Electre re-entry experiment program. The first two stages were Stromboli motors of identical length. The third stage was the P.064 motor developed for the Diamant orbital launcher. More...
  • MSBS M2 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x SEP 904 + 1 x Rita II More...
  • SSBS S2 French submarine-launched ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle. More...
  • SSBS S3 French submarine-launched ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x SEP 902 + 1 x Rita II More...
  • Nike Orion American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle. Payload 68 kg to 190 km or 204 kg to 90 km. The Nike motor had three equally spaced unmodified Ajax fins, and the Orion motor had four fins on the aft end arranged in a cruciform configuration to provide stability. The first stage Nike booster had an action time of 3.2 seconds. The second stage ignited 9 seconds after liftoff and had an action time of 32 seconds. Capability 68 kg payload to 190 kilometers or a 204 kg payload to 90 kilometers when launched from sea level at an 85 degree launch angle. More...
  • MSBS M4 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Submarine launched; MRV. Operational. 3 stage vehicle. More...
  • Viper 3A American sounding rocket. The Viper 3A/10D Dart was a two stage sounding rocket vehicle consisting of a solid propellant Viper 3A rocket motor as the first stage and a non-propulsive Dart containing the payload as the second stage. More...
  • Hades French short range ballistic missile. Single stage vehicle More...
  • MSBS M45 French intermediate range ballistic missile. Improved M-4. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Serra, Jean-Jacques, Rockets in Europe, Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Biscarosse CE Black Brant launch complex. Probable launch from CEL (Site "CE" in Chesser's BAL list) More...

Biscarosse Chronology


1965 June 15 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite TACITE 01.
  • Infrared Horizon Study Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1966 February 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2603.
  • Silo 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 June 7 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2604.
  • Silo 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2605.
  • Silo 3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 March 2 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112. LV Configuration: SSBS S112 2606.
  • Silo 4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 July 5 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R10.
  • Rubis 04 Astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,560 km (960 mi). Summary: Radio-astronomy experiment; measured the MHz range radio background.

1967 July 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1967 October 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Cora. LV Configuration: Cora G3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1967 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V3.
  • V3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 A2.
  • A2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V2.
  • V2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 B1.
  • B1 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 B2.
  • B2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 13 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M012. LV Configuration: MSBS M012 A1.
  • A1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-32.
  • FU-172 Solar Helium Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1968 March 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA003.
  • FU-168 A-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1968 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III. LV Configuration: Belier III 301. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA004.
  • FU-168 B-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1968 April 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 July 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 July 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. LV Configuration: Dragon 3 D-301.
  • FU-188 Technology test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 562 km (349 mi).

1968 July 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-6 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 October 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01C-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 November 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01C-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 November 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V1.
  • V1 Vecteur operational test launch - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 December 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V1.
  • S02V-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V6.
  • V6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V5.
  • V5 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V4.
  • V4 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-258.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-257.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-256.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1969 February 7 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-259.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 413 km (256 mi).

1969 April 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V2.
  • S02V-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 May 27 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. LV Configuration: Dragon 3 D-303. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-192 Plasma Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 May 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V3.
  • S02V-3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 V4.
  • S02V-4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 July 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C1.
  • S02C-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 September 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III. LV Configuration: Belier III B307.
  • CRAPEL/ELECTRE re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 October 13 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C2.
  • S02C-2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 November 18 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. LV Configuration: Dragon 3 D-304.
  • FU-192 Plasma Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi).

1969 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C3.
  • S02C3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 V7.
  • V7 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C2.
  • C2 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C4.
  • C4 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C3.
  • C3 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970 April 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C4.
  • S02C4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 June 11 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C1.
  • C1 Charge (RV) - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1970 September 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C5.
  • S02C5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 October 6 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. LV Configuration: Dragon 3 D-305.
  • EIDI-1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1970 October 22 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3. LV Configuration: Dragon 3 D-306.
  • EIDI-2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1970 November 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 C6.
  • S02C6 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C6.
  • C6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C7.
  • C7 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C5.
  • C5 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M013. LV Configuration: MSBS M013 C8.
  • C8 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 February 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1971 May 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S611. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 June 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S611. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 December 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 S-1E-2601.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S612. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1972 October 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper. LV Configuration: Forschungsflugkorper 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR C-FFK-45 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1972 October 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper. LV Configuration: Forschungsflugkorper 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR C-FFK-46 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1973 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S610. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 2601.
  • S02C 2601 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 17 - . 23:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 3.
  • FU-211 EIDI-3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1973 March 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 2602.
  • S02C 2602 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 July 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1973 September 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2602.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2603.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 May 7 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper. LV Configuration: Forschungsflugkorper 3.
  • DLR C-FFK-47 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1974 June 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1974 June 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2604.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2605.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 April 7 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S613. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1976 June 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2606.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 December 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 March 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2607.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 April 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 June 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 November 17 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 April 5 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 June 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 December 2 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 March 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 V8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1979 July 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 TS-2601.
  • Qualification test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S614. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1980 November 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1980 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2601.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1981 June 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2602.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982? - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982 March 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1982 May 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2603.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 June 26 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2605.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 June 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2606.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1983 October 4 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2604.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 November 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 February 22 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S655. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4. LV Configuration: MSBS M4 14.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1984 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1986 February 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2607.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 March 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: SNLE. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Long range test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1987 June 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2608.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1988 November 22 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1989 March 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1989 March 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Tir d'exercice - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1989 May 31 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C.
  • Site CE test - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 June 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 2609.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 January 15 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1990 January 15 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1990 January 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1990 January 18 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 18 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 1 - . 19:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1990 February 1 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1990 February 5 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1990 February 5 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1990 February 8 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 8 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR C-NO-175.
  • DYANA DBN1 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS16 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 06:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 06:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS19 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 06:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC20 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 22 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 February 22 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 1 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 1 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS26 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR C-NO-176.
  • DYANA DBN2 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS28 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS29 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC31 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC32 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 8 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC33 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS34 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR C-NO-177.
  • DYANA DBN3 TURBO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS38 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DBC39 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS40 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1990 March 15 - . 19:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DBS41 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1990 July 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 October 15 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 June 24 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 26010.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Hades.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1992 December 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • VERT (POIVRE) Test / imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1993 May 26 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR C-NO-202.
  • Aerospatiale test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1993 July 27 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • BLANC Imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1993 November 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3. LV Configuration: SSBS S3 26011.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 March 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • NOIR Imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1995 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

2006 November 9 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51. LV Configuration: MSBS M51 1.
  • M51 test launch - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 June 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51. LV Configuration: MSBS M51 2.
  • M51 SLBM test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 November 13 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
2010 January 27 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • TN75 RV x 6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: R&D launch.

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