Encyclopedia Astronautica
Barents Sea Launch Area


Submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area known to have been used for 119 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1270 kilometers altitude.

Longitude: 34.2000 deg.
Latitude: 69.5000 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Parus Russian navigation satellite. Operational, first launch 1974.12.26. Military satellite which provided navigation information and store-dump radio communications to Soviet naval forces and ballistic missile submarines. More...
  • Tubsat German communications technology satellite. 7 launches, 1991.07.17 (Tubsat-A) to 2007.01.10 (Maroc-Tubsat). Germany's Technical University of Berlin (TUB) built a successful series of 40 kg 'Tubsat' experimental technology satellites. More...
  • Kompas Russian earth seismology satellite. 2 launches, 2001.12.10 (Kompas) and 2006.05.26 (Kompas). More...

See also
  • M-100 Two-stage, solid propellant, fin stabilized, unguided Russian sounding rocket, fired in greater numbers than any other. At least 6,640 of all models were fired to the edge of space before the vehicle was discontinued in 1990. 4,908 of the basic M-100 model were fired from 1957-07-11 to 1983-09-28. More...
  • R-29 First intercontinental submarine-launched ballistic missile (range 7800 km). First flight 1969. Development completed 1973. The variants of this missile were given three different DoD designations over the years (SS-N-8, SS-N-18, and SS-N-23). More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-13 Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Developed from 1956-1960. First nuclear-armed SLBM. More...
  • Vysota Russian intercontinental ballistic suborbital launch vehicle. Two stage vehicle based on R-29D SLBM. Suborbital; 30-55 min zero G. Payload volume 0.7 cu. m. Payload 115 kg to 5200 km or 1150 kg to 200 km. Liftoff mass 33 tonnes. More...
  • Volna SLV Russian launch vehicle based on surplus R-29RL submarine launched ballistic missiles. Suborbital and orbital versions. Payload volume 1.3 cu. M. Payload 115 kg to 3000 km or 1250 kg to 200 km altitude suborbital trajectories, or 120 (260 lb) kg to a 200 km orbit. Liftoff mass 34 tonnes. More...
  • M-100B Russian sounding rocket. Model calibrated with Western sounding rockets and part of the World Meteorological Network. 1,730 launched from 1976-01-07 to 1990-12-. More...
  • Rif Russian orbital launch vehicle. R-39 SLBM adapted for use as suborbital test vehicle or orbital launch vehicle. More...
  • Shtil Russian intercontinental ballistic orbital launch vehicle. Three stage vehicle based on R-29RM SLBM. More...
  • Shtil-1/1N Russian intercontinental ballistic orbital launch vehicle. Three stage vehicle based on R-29RM SLBM. More...
  • Sineva Russian liquid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile. First aunch 2004.02.18; entered service 2007. Competitor was the solid-propellant Bulava. More...
  • Bulava Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. Solid-propellant Soviet intercontinental-range ballistic missile, equipped with multiple independently targeted warheads. More...

Associated Programs
  • Tubsat Small experimental store and forward communications satellite series. More...

Associated Launch Sites

Barents Sea Launch Area Chronology


1965 May 19 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-170. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 May 24 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-162. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 May 25 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: GOLF. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 May 26 - . 13:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-170. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 May 31 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: GOLF. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 March 18 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 March 20 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 September 7 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: Volna. LV Configuration: Volna VMF.
  • Caused UFO sighting - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 September 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA2. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 January 2 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1990 January 2 - . 20:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1990 January 9 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1990 January 9 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1990 January 16 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1990 January 18 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1990 January 23 - . 20:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1990 January 25 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1990 February 6 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1990 February 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1990 February 27 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 March 6 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1990 March 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1990 March 20 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1990 March 27 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1990 November 2 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1990 November 9 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1990 November 14 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 November 21 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1990 November 28 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1990 November 28 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1990 December 4 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1990 December 4 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1990 December 4 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1990 December 11 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1990 December 18 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1990 December 25 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1995 June 6 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV. LV Configuration: Volna VMF RF.
  • Volan? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,270 km (780 mi).

1996 July 15 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA4. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 July 15 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA3. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 October 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 October 23 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 January 15 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 March 28 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 3 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1998 February 19 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA4. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 February 19 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA4. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 July 7 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil-1/1N.
  • Shtil 1 - . Payload: Shtil-1 instr. package. Nation: Israel. Manufacturer: TuB. USAF Sat Cat: 25391 . COSPAR: 1998-042C. Apogee: 801 km (497 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 79.0000 deg. The first satellite launch from a submarine. The Shtil-1 launch vehicle was a converted R-29RM (RSM-54) three stage liquid propellant submarine launched ballistic missile made by the Makeyev design bureau. The satellite payload is placed in the standard R-29RM reentry vehicle. The launch plaform was the K-407 Novomoskovsk, a 667BDRM Delfin class submarine of the Russian Northern Fleet's 3rd Flotilla. Launch was from the Barents Sea at 69.3 degrees N x 35.3 degrees E. The Shtil contained an Israeli instrument package.
  • Tubsat-N - . Mass: 8.00 kg (17.60 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: VMF. Manufacturer: TuB. Program: Tubsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Tubsat. Decay Date: 2002-04-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 25389 . COSPAR: 1998-042A. Apogee: 776 km (482 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 78.9000 deg. Period: 96.40 min. The first satellite launch from a submarine. The Shtil-1 launch vehicle was a converted Makeyev R-29RM SLBM. The satellite payload was placed in the standard re-entry vehicle. The launch platform was the K-407 Novomoskovsk, a 667BDRM Delfin class submarine of the Russian Northern Fleet 3rd Flotilla. The launch was made from a firing range in the Barents Sea off the coast of the Kolskiy Peninsula, at 35.3 deg E 69.3 deg N. The payloads were the Tubsat-N and Tubsat-N1 `nanosatellites'. Tubsat-N entered a 400 x 776 km x 78.9 deg orbit. Both carried small store-forward communications payloads used to keep track of transmitters placed on vehicles, migrating animals, and marine buoys. They are owned, operated and built by the Technische Universitat Berlin (TUB). Tubsat-N was the larger of the pair, with dimensions of 32x32x10.4 cm and a mass of 8.5 kg.
  • Tubsat-N1 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: VMF. Manufacturer: TuB. Program: Tubsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Tubsat. Decay Date: 2000-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 25390 . COSPAR: 1998-042B. Apogee: 776 km (482 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 78.9000 deg. Period: 96.30 min. The dual Tubsat-N/Tubsat-N1 repersented the Technical University of Berlin's first Nanosatellite project. Tubsat-N1 measured 32x32x3.4cm and had a mass of 3 kg. The technology demonstrator satellite provided store and forward communications and conducted attitude control experiments.

1998 August 21 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 April 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 October 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1999 November 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 November 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 March 27 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil.
  • (Kura) - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Three launches in one day from two submarines..

2000 March 27 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 April 6 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 September 12 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil. LV Configuration: Shtil VMF RF.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 December 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 February 16 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil. LV Configuration: Shtil VMF RF.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 June 5 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil. LV Configuration: Shtil VMF RF.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 July 20 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV.
  • Cosmos 1 Solar Sail Spacecraft test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 412 km (256 mi). Launch delayed from April 26 and July 19 failure. The Russian Navy launched a three-stage R-29R Volna from the submarine Borisoglebsk in the Barents Sea on a suborbital flight. The payload was a joint project between the Planetary Society and NPO Lavochkin's Babakin center, and consisted of a solar sail deployment test with an inflatable reentry shield. The payload failed to separate from the final stage.

2001 September 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil. LV Configuration: Shtil VMF RF.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 September 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil. LV Configuration: Shtil VMF RF.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 July 12 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-44. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV.
  • IRDT-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). The Russian Navy launched the IRDT-2 spacecraft using a surplus R-29R Volna from the submarine K-44 Ryazan. The spacecraft was launched on a suborbital trajectory from the Barents Sea and landed in Kamchatka. After third stage separation the IRDT fired a boost motor to increase its speed and then inflated the first stage of its heat shield.

2002 October 12 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil. LV Configuration: Shtil VMF RF.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 February 18 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sineva operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: Failure - destroyed 98 seconds after launch. Launched during a nationwide military exercise..

2004 March 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 March 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 June 29 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 September 8 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 September 8 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV.
  • - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: SLBM Test - second launch in one day..

2004 September 23 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • Bulava cold-launch test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Test of naval version of Topol M ICBM. A mass replica of a the new Bulava SLBM reached under 100 m altitude after being launched from the submerged SSBN Dmitry Donskoi..

2004 December 11 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • Bulava cold-launch test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: A mass replica of a the new Bulava SLBM was ejected from its launch tube from the surfaced SSBN Dmitry Donskoi..

2005 June 21 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Cosmos 1 - . Payload: Solnechny Parus. Mass: 103 kg (227 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Planetary Society. Manufacturer: Lavochkin. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. Launched from SSBN Borisoglebsk. First orbital flight attempt of converted SLBM. Payload was solar sail demonstrator. Delayed from late 2001; March 20 and October 2002; late March, August 28 and October, 2003; February, March, April 6, May 20 and 31, 2005.

2005 August 17 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF.
  • RSM-54 test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2005 October 6 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV.
  • IRDT-2R re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: Germany. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Suborbital test of the Demonstrator inflatable reentry technology test vehicle. The reentry vehicle could not be located in the Kamchatka Peninsula impact zone and was not recovered. Test delayed from the fourth quarter of 2003, then May and October 2004, then July 5, July 8, September 15, September 27, 2005.

2005 October 7 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-496. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF.
  • RSM-54 Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2006 May 26 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil-1/1N. LV Configuration: Shtil-1/1N s/n No2.
  • Kompass-2 - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Izmiran. Manufacturer: Makeyev. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kompas. USAF Sat Cat: 29157 . COSPAR: 2006-019A. Apogee: 492 km (305 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 78.9000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Complex Orbital Magneto-Plasma Autonomous Small Satellite. Earthquake research satellite for the Moscow-based IZMIRAN science institute. The satellite carried detectors for electrons, UHF/VHF waves, UV emission and radiation, a radio frequency analyser for electric field waves, and a Mayak ionospheric beacon. Reports indicated that the satellite did not respond to ground commands and that its mission was abandoned.

2006 June 30 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF.
  • R-29RM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 December 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF.
  • - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 December 25 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF.
  • - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 August 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna. LV Configuration: Volna VMF RF.
  • (Kura) - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 October 11 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF.
  • (Pacific) - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 October 12 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil. LV Configuration: Shtil VMF RF.
  • (Kura) - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2009 November 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-117. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • Sineva - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Summary: Operational test.

2010 March 4 - . 04:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-114. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • Sineva 4 RV's - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Operational test launch.

2010 August 6 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: Tula. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV x4 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Operational test..

2010 August 6 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: Tula. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV x4 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Operational test..

2010 October 28 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-117. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Operational test..

2011 April 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • 4 x RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Operational test.

2011 May 20 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • 4 x RV - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Operational test..

2011 July 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV x ? - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Test mission. Launched from the Barents Sea to the Kura test range..

2011 September 29 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-114. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Layner.
  • 10 RVs - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: R&D mission. Second test flight of the R-29MU2.1 Layner missile from submarine K-114 Tula. The R-29MU2.1 is a version of the R-29MU2 Sineva missile but carrying up to 10 reentry vehicles..

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