Encyclopedia Astronautica
US Army


American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. US Army, USA.

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Associated People
  • Brucker Brucker, Wilber M (1894-1968) American politician. Secretary of the Army 1955-1961. More...
  • Blaik Blaik, Earl Henry 'Red' (1897-1989) American businessman. Vice president and director of Avco, 1959-60, then director and chairman of executive committee in 1960. More...
  • Toftoy Toftoy, Holger N (1902-1967) American Army officer, expert in ordnance, responsible for transferring von Braun's rocket technology to the US in 1945. Commanded Huntsville 1954-1956. Held other rockt development posts until retirement in 1960. More...
  • Schomburg Schomburg, August (1908-1972) American US Army US Army Officer. August Schomburg was a career Army officer who rose to the rank of lieutenant general. From 1960 to 1962 he was commander of the Army missile ordnance command at Redstone Arsenal. More...
  • Barclay Barclay, John A (1909-1983) American officer. Commander of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency from 1958 More...
  • James, Lee James, Lee B (1920-2006) American Army officer, assigned to ABMA Huntsville 1956-1960. Seconded to NASA 1962-1971, where he oversaw NASA Huntsville, except for a stint 1962-1968 as Deputy Director for the Apollo program. More...
  • Harr Harr, Karl G (1922-2002) American manager, served in senior US government policy boards in the late 1950's. President of the Aerospace Industries Association 1963-1988 More...
  • Day Day, Melvin Sherman (1923-1986) American engineer. Worked in leadership positions in the area of technical information services at the AEC (1947-1960) and NASA (1960-1970). More...
  • Low, George Low, George M (1926-1984) Austrian-American engineer, at NASA 1950-1976. He occupied key manned spaceflight leadership positions at NASA during the Mercury, Germini, Apollo, Skylab, and early Shuttle programs. More...
  • Spring Spring, Sherwood Clark 'Woody' (1944-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B. More...
  • Adamson Adamson, James Craig 'Jim' (1946-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-28, STS-43. US Army More...
  • Clegg Clegg, Robert Henry (1946-) American geophysicist payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Bailey Bailey, Palmer Kent (1947-) American geologist payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Voss Voss, James Shelton 'Jim' (1949-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-44, STS-53, STS-69, STS-101, ISS EO-2. US Army More...
  • McArthur McArthur, William Surles Jr 'Bill' (1951-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-58, STS-74, STS-92, ISS EO-12. US Army. Grew up in Wakulla, North Carolina. More...
  • Hennen Hennen, Thomas John 'Tom' (1952-) American photointerpreter payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-44. US Army. Grew up in Columbus, Ohio, son of an Air Force officer. More...
  • Clifford Clifford, Michael Richard Uram 'Rich' (1952-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-53, STS-59, STS-76. US Army More...
  • Hawker Hawker, John Edward 'Hawk' (1954-) American photointerpreter payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1991. Chief Warrant Officer CW3, US-Army; graduated from Rotary Wing Flight School; in 1988 selected for TERRA SCOUT - US Army Project; retired from USA on 1994.04.01. More...
  • Gemar Gemar, Charles Donald 'Sam' (1955-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-38, STS-48, STS-62. US Army More...
  • Forrester Forrester, Patrick Graham (1957-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-105, STS-117, STS-128. More...
  • Linnehan Linnehan, Dr Richard Michael (1957-) American veterinarian mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78, STS-90, STS-109, STS-123. US Army More...
  • Belt Belt, Michael Eugene (1957-) American photointerpreter payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1991. More...
  • Hoffpauir Hoffpauir, Michael Edward (1957-) American Army geologist payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Williams, Jeffrey Williams, Jeffrey Nels (1958-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-101, ISS EO-13, ISS EO-21. More...
  • Currie Currie, Nancy Jane nee Sherlock (1958-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-57, STS-70, STS-88, STS-109. US Army engineer. More...
  • Creamer Creamer, Timothy John 'TJ' (1959-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut, 1998-on. More...
  • Wheelock Wheelock, Douglas Harry (1960-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-120, ISS EO-24. US Army. More...
  • Kopra Kopra, Timothy Lennart (1963-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on. US Army More...
  • Kimbrough Kimbrough, Robert Shane (1967-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-126. US Army More...

Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Explorer A American earth magnetosphere satellite. 3 launches, 1958.02.01 (Explorer 1) to 1958.03.26 (Explorer 3). Discovered Van Allen radiation belts. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space. More...
  • Adam American manned spacecraft. Study 1957. In early 1958 Wernher von Braun proposed launching an American aboard an Army Redstone on a suborbital mission into space before the end of 1959 at a cost of under $12 million. More...
  • Pioneer 3-4 American lunar flyby probe. 2 launches, 1958.12.06 (Pioneer 3) to 1959.03.03 (Pioneer 4). Smaller than the previous Pioneers, Pioneer 3 and 4 each carried only a single experiment to detect cosmic radiation. More...
  • Courier American communications technology satellite. 2 launches, 1960.08.18 (Courier 1A) and 1960.10.04 (Courier 1B). Experimental communications. More...
  • SECOR American earth geodetic satellite. 13 launches, 1962.01.24 (Secor) to 1969.04.14 (SECOR 13). More...
  • GGSE American gravity gradient technology satellite. 5 launches, 1964.01.11 (GGSE 1) to 1967.05.31 (GGSE 5). Developed designs and deployment techniques later applied to the NOSS / Whitecloud naval reconnaissance satellites. More...
  • DODECAPOLE American military target satellite. 2 launches, 1965.03.09 (DODECAPOLE 1/Porcupine 1) and 1965.08.13 (Dodecapole 2). More...
  • Snapshot American ion engine technology satellite. One launch, 1965.04.03. Carried SNAP-9A nuclear power source. The on-board reactor provided electrical power for a 2.2-lb ion engine. More...
  • Aurora American earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1967.06.29. Investigated aurora borealis. More...
  • TOPO American earth geodetic satellite. One launch, 1970.04.08. US Army topographic / geodesic satellite launched in 1970. More...
  • KE ASAT American military anti-satellite system. Study 1989. In 1989 the US Army began a demonstration/validation program to develop a direct ascent kinetic energy ASAT for US forces. More...

See also
  • Agency Agencies or institutions overseeing design, development, construction, or operation of space-related systems. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Datil Military testing range, known to have been used for 3 launches in 1963, reaching up to 50 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Fort Bliss Military testing range. In use from 1945 to present. Known to have been used for 75 major launches from 1963 to 2000, reaching up to 365 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Fort Greely In 2004 Fort Greely, Alaska, became the first launch site for the anti-ballistic missile Ground-Based Interceptors of the United States' Ground-based Midcourse Defense system. The 260,000-hectacre site was located 160 km southeast of Fairbanks, 16 km south of the town of Delta Junction. More...
  • Neu Ulm US base in the 1980's for 43 Pershing 2 IRBM's. The launchers and missiles were withdrawn and destroyed under the INF Treaty with the Soviet Union. More...
  • Schwaebisch-Gmuend US base in the 1980's for 36 Pershing 2 IRBM's. The launchers and missiles were withdrawn and destroyed under the INF Treaty with the Soviet Union. More...
  • Waldheide-Neckarsulm US base in the 1980's for 36 Pershing 2 IRBM's. The launchers and missiles were withdrawn and destroyed under the INF Treaty with the Soviet Union. More...

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