Encyclopedia Astronautica
Suparco


Pakistani manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission, Pakistan.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Badr Pakistani communications technology satellite. 3 launches, 1990.07.16 (Badr-A) to 2008.07.07 (Badr B). Pakistani experimental series with a variety of payloads. More...

See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Abdali Pakistani single-stage solid propellant tactical ballistic missile. Indigenous Pakistani design, developed by the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO). More...
  • Hatf 1 Pakistani single-stage solid propellant tactical ballistic missile Developed by the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) based on French Stromboli engine technology. The unguided IA version went into service in 1992; the improved, inertiallty guided IB version in 2001. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Sonmiani Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 90 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 423 kilometers altitude. More...

Suparco Chronology


1962 June 7 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Rehbar 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1962 June 11 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Rehbar 2.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1964 March 18 - . 14:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 October 21 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1964 December 16 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1965 January 13 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1965 February 17 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 15 / 65? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1965 March 17 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 16 / 65 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1965 October 20 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 17 / 65 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1965 November 17 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 18 / 65 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 January 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 19 / 66 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1966 January 26 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 20 / 66 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1966 February 16 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 21 / 66 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 February 16 - . 13:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • SUPARCO 22 / 66 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 March 16 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO 23.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 March 25 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO 24.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1966 April 13 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-025/66.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 May 18 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-026/66.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 June 15 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-027/66.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 July 13 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-028/66.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 August 17 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-029/66.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 October 12 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-031/66.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1966 November 16 - . 14:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-032/66.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1967 May 3 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 15.
1967 May 5 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-33.
  • Shahpar-1 test - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 423 km (262 mi).

1967 May 7 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 16.
1967 November 29 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-033/67.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1967 December 12 - . 09:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-034/67.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1968 March 23 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 17.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1968 March 29 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-34.
  • Shahpar-2 test - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1968 April 3 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 18.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1969 February 9 - . 13:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 19. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1969 February 13 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 20. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1969 March 31 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B SUP.
  • Rehnuma 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1969 June 20 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1969 July 16 - . 14:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1969 July 30 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1969 August 15 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1969 September 10 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1969 October 22 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-047/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1969 November 19 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-048/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1969 November 20 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-049/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1969 December 17 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-050/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1969 December 31 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-051/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-052/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-053/69?.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-054/69.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1970 February 11 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-055/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1970 March 11 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-056/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 March 11 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-057/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1970 March 27 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Rehbar 21.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 March 28 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Rehbar 22.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1970 March 28 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-058/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1970 April 15 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-059/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 April 15 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-060/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1970 June 17 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-062/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1970 July 15 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart SUPARCO-063/70.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1970 October 21 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 November 25 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 December 30 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1972 April 7 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 Rehbar 23.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 April 8 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 Rehbar 24.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 April 28 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B SUP.
  • Shahpar-3 Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1973 March 14 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SUPARCO/MR/71.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 March 15 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SUPARCO/MR/72.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1973 April 18 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SUPARCO/MR/73.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1990 July 16 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2E. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2E CZ2E-1 (23).
  • Badr-A - . Payload: Badr 1 + R&D. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: Pakistan. Agency: Suparco. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Badr. Decay Date: 1990-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 20685 . COSPAR: 1990-059A. Apogee: 988 km (613 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min. Summary: First launch of new Chinese launch vehicle. Experimental Pakistani payload..

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