Encyclopedia Astronautica
Veronique



veron61s.jpg
Veronique 61
Credit: via Jean-Jacques Serra
After the cancellation of the 'Super V-2' project, the German team at Vernon pursued development of a tenth-scale version, the Project 4213 Veronique (VERnon et electrONIQUE). The 4 tonne thrust motor, using nitric acid and kerosene, beat the 'pure French' project 4211 Eole design and paved the way leading to the Ariane space booster.

Development of the Veronique began in March 1949, with the primary objective of providing a flight test vehicle for liquid rocket engine development. A secondary objective was to launch scientific payloads to high altitudes. The simple vehicle would be wire-guided at launch via four 55 m cables attached to the fins. Following partial systems tests with several vehicles in 1951 to 1952, the first full-scale Veronique-N was launched in May 1952 to April 1953 in three test series. A knotty combustion instability problem led to many failures, and the design altitude of 65 km was found by French scientists to be insufficient for their studies. The French National Defense Scientific Action Committee had ordered the manufacturing of 15 Veroniques for the 1957-58 International Geophysical Year, but these were cancelled and replaced by the solid-propellant Monica rocket.

After a nine-year development program the much larger Veronique-61 emerged as the final version of the rocket.

Failures: 52. Success Rate: 48.00%. First Fail Date: 1950-08-02. Last Fail Date: 1975-05-31. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1975.
Gross mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb).
Height: 7.30 m (23.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.55 m (1.80 ft).
Thrust: 40.00 kN (8,992 lbf).
Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).
First Launch: 1952.05.20.
Last Launch: 1965.02.12.
Number: 54 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Veronique After the cancellation of the 'Super V-2' project, the German team at Vernon pursued development of a tenth-scale version, the Project 4213 Veronique (VERnon et electrONIQUE). The 4 tonne thrust motor, using nitric acid and kerosene, beat the 'pure French' project 4211 Eole design and paved the way leading to the Ariane space booster. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • LRBA French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. LRBA, France. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Gatland, Kenneth, Missiles and Rockets, Macmillan, New York, 1975.
  • Serra, Jean-Jacques, Rockets in Europe, Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Hammaguira The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967. More...
  • Reggane Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 12 launches from 1961 to 1965, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • Veronique Nitric acid/Turpentine rocket stage. 40.00 kN (8,992 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,300 kg (2,866 lb). More...

Veronique Chronology


1952 May 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1952 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1952 May 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1952 November 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 November 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1952 November 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 November 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N9. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1953 April 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1953 April 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1954 February 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

1954 February 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA14.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1954 October 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA13. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi).

1954 October 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique NA12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 March 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI18. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1959 March 10 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI17.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1959 March 12 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI16.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1960 February 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI23. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 March 2 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI22.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1960 March 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI21.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1960 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI20.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1960 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI19.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1960 June 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI25.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI26.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 February 11 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI27.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1961 February 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI28. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 February 15 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI29.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 February 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI30. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 February 22 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI24.
  • Life Science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi). Summary: French Veronique launched capsule containing rat (Hector) to 152 km altitude, recovered successfully..

1961 June 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI31.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI39.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1962 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI38.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI41.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 4 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI42. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 6 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI43.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 October 15 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI37.
  • Bio (Rat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 October 18 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI36.
  • Bio (Rat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1962 October 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI44.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 October 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI46.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 October 23 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI32.
  • Airglow Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi). Summary: Diffuse solar radiation mission..

1962 October 29 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI34.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1963 April 20 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI35.
  • Airglow Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1963 April 23 - . 22:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI49.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1963 May 1 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI45.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI48.
  • Coronagraph Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Summary: No recovery. Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1963 June 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI33. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1963 June 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI40. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1963 October 18 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI47.
  • Bio (Cat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1963 October 24 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI50. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Bio (Cat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1964 April 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI51.
  • Solar La Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi). Summary: FU110 Atomic H (Ly-alpha), Solar X-rays mission..

1964 November 4 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI53.
  • Solar La Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: FU110 Atomic H (Ly-alpha), Solar X-rays mission..

1964 November 8 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI52.
  • Ultraviolet Spectrum / CU point Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi). Summary: FU111 UV Solar Astronomy / Ptr mission..

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI56.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

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