Encyclopedia Astronautica

Russian surface-to-air missile. Fakel-designed missile; not widely exported until 1980s.

Maximum range: 250 km (150 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Maximum speed: 3,950 kph (2,450 mph). Minimum range: 208 km (129 mi). Initial Operational Capability: 1978.

AKA: SA-5C; S-200D; Gammon; Dubna; V-880M.
Location: Moscow, Russian Federation.
Height: 10.70 m (35.11 ft).
Diameter: 0.85 m (2.80 ft).
Span: 2.87 m (9.40 ft).
Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
  • S-200 Enormous surface-to-air missile developed by Grushin after the failure of the Dal project. Deployed in limited numbers and exported to countries in the mideast to defend against American high-altitude, high-speed SR-71 reconnaissance aircraft. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Almaz Russian manufacturer of rockets. Almaz Design Bureau, Moscow, Russia. More...

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