Encyclopedia Astronautica
Tsiklon-3



tsik3ukr.jpg
Tsiklon-3
Credit: Ukrainian Space Agency
Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. The Tsyklon 3 was developed in 1970-1977 as a part of a program to reduce the number of Soviet booster types. The first two stages were derived from the 8K68 version of the R-36 ICBM, while the restartable third stage was derived from that of the R-36-O. Compared to the Tsyklon 2, the launch vehicle increased payload to 4 metric tons, provided for completely automated launch operations, and had increased orbital injection accuracy.

Filial 4 of NII MO began work in 1967 on military operations plans for the 1971-1980 period. These were completed as plan Prognoz and Sirius Phase I in 1970. One objective of the plans was to reduce the number of military space launch vehicles from ten to three. The medium category space launch vehicle would replace the Vostok launcher and be used for multiple payload launches of Strela-class store-dump communications satellites, and single payload launch of Tselina-D ELINT and Meteor weather satellites.

Development work was authorized by a government decree of 2 January 1970. The booster was a modification of the R-36 8K68 (SS-9 Mod 2) ICBM with an S5M third stage. The S5M stage was a development of the R-36-O deorbit stage and capable of a single restart for orbital trim or circularization prior to release of the payload. Later in its life Tsyklon 3 was also used for launch of Ukrainian-built AUOS scientific and Okean-O radar satellites.

With the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the Ukrainian manufacturer ended up in a different country, inappropriate for a launcher used for Russian national security payloads. Existing stocks of the vehicle were used to launch Strela satellites. In 1998 it was reported that only four remained. Launches of Strela or Ukrainian satellite payloads were made in 2000, 2001, and 2004. However as of 2007 the manufacturer was still marketing the booster.

LEO Payload: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb) to a 200 km orbit at 66.00 degrees. Failures: 10. Success Rate: 91.74%. First Fail Date: 1977-09-24. Last Fail Date: 2004-12-24. Launch Price $: 15.000 million in 1994 dollars.

AKA: Tsiklon-3; SL-14; 11K68; Cyclone 3; Scarp; F-2.
Status: Active.
Gross mass: 189,000 kg (416,000 lb).
Payload: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb).
Height: 39.27 m (128.83 ft).
Diameter: 3.00 m (9.80 ft).
Thrust: 2,713.00 kN (609,906 lbf).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).
First Launch: 1977.06.24.
Last Launch: 2009.01.30.
Number: 122 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Tselina-D Ukrainian military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. 77 launches, 1970.12.18 (Cosmos 389) to 1994.05.25 (Tselina-D). The Tselina D was the detailed observation portion of the two-satellite Tselina ELINT satellite system. More...
  • Meteor-2 Russian earth weather satellite. 22 launches, 1975.07.11 (Meteor 2-01) to 1993.08.31 (Meteor 2-21). Successor to the Meteor-1 weather satellite. The Meteor-2 had a longer design operational life (one year vs. More...
  • Taifun-2 Ukrainian military target satellite. 31 launches, 1976.04.28 (Cosmos 816) to 1995.03.02 (Cosmos 2306). In 1969 KB Yuzhnoye introduced targets for exercise and test of PVO air defense and space tracking systems. More...
  • AUOS Ukrainian technology satellite. 14 launches, 1976.06.19 (Intercosmos 15) to 2009.01.30 (Koronas-F). Standardized bus for low earth orbit scientific studies and testing of new systems and components of satellite under space flight conditions. More...
  • Magion Czech earth magnetosphere satellite. 5 launches, 1978.10.24 (Magion 1) to 1996.08.29 (Magion 5). The Czechoslovak satellite MAGION researched the magnetosphere and ionosphere of the earth. More...
  • Radio Russian amateur radio communications satellite. 9 launches, 1978.10.26 (Radio Sputnik 1) to 1994.12.26 (Radio-ROSTO RS-15). More...
  • Okean-E Ukrainian earth resources radar satellite. 2 launches, 1979.02.12 (Cosmos 1076) to 1980.01.23 (Cosmos 1151). First prototype of Okean series. Development of methods for obtaining operational information on the Pacific Ocean. More...
  • Geo-IK Russian earth geodetic satellite. 14 launches, 1981.01.23 (Geo-IK no. 1) to 1994.11.29 (Geo-IK). Development of a second generation geodetic satellite system began in 1977. More...
  • MicroSat SSTL British technology satellite. 3 launches, 1981.10.06 (CERISE) to 1990.01.22 (Oscar 14). Original version of the Surrey Microsat bus. More...
  • MicroSat-70 British technology satellite. 14 launches, 1981.10.06 (Oscar 9) to 2002.11.28 (Picosat). Basic Surrey Microsat bus. More...
  • Okean-OE Ukrainian earth resources radar satellite. 2 launches, 1983.09.28 (Cosmos 1500) to 1984.09.28 (Cosmos 1602). More...
  • Meteor-3 Russian earth weather satellite. 7 launches, 1984.11.27 (Cosmos 1612) to 1994.01.25 (Meteor 3-06). Meteor-3 began in 1972 as an improved replacement for the Meteor-2 weather satellite. More...
  • Strela-3 Russian military store-dump communications satellite. Operational, first launch 1985.01.15. Said to have initially been developed for the GRU. More...
  • Okean-O1 Ukrainian earth resources radar satellite. 9 launches, 1986.07.28 (Cosmos 1766) to 2004.12.24 (Sich-1M). Third generation Soviet oceanographic research satellite, equipped with a side-looking radar, radiometer, and multi-spectral scanner. More...
  • Taifun-3 Russian military target satellite. 2 launches, 1988.12.23 (Cosmos 1985) to 1989.12.27 (Cosmos 2053). Specifications for a third generation Taifun-3 system were developed in 1980 with flight trials to have started in 1984. More...
  • Tubsat German communications technology satellite. 7 launches, 1991.07.17 (Tubsat-A) to 2007.01.10 (Maroc-Tubsat). Germany's Technical University of Berlin (TUB) built a successful series of 40 kg 'Tubsat' experimental technology satellites. More...
  • Gonets-D1 Russian civilian store-dump communications satellite. 15 launches, 1992.07.13 (Cosmos 2199) to 2005.12.21 (Gonets D1M 1). Commercial version of GRU Strela-3 military store-dump satellite. More...
  • Temisat Italian communications technology satellite. One launch, 1993.08.31. Temisat's primary mission was demonstration of a data relay system. More...
  • MS-1 Ukrainian earth land resources satellite. 2 launches, 2004.12.24 (Mikron) to 2007.04.17 (MisrSat 1). Ukrainian microsatellite bus that could be equipped with imaging or other scientific or technical equipment. More...

Associated Engines
  • RD-262 Glushko N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 941 kN. Tsyklon 3 stage 2. In production. Based on RD-252 Isp=317s. First flight 1977. More...
  • RD-261 Glushko N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 3032 kN. Tsyklon 3 stage 1. In production. Based on RD-251 Isp=301s. First flight 1977. More...
  • RD-861 Yuzhnoye N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 78.710 kN. Tsyklon 2 and 3 stage 3; Ikar. In production. Isp=317s. Based on RD-854. Thrust vector control by 4 nozzles (thrust 98 N each) fed from a gas generator. First flight 1965. More...
  • RD-861K Yuzhnoye N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 77.630 kN. Tsyklon 2 and 3 stage 3; Ikar. Developed 2005. Isp=330s. High pressure fuel was used to gimbal the engine in two planes, replacing four thrust vector engines on the basic RD-861. More...

See also
  • Tsiklon The R-36 ICBM was the largest ever built and the bogeyman of the Pentagon throughout the Cold War. Dubbed the 'city buster', the 308 silos built were constantly held up by the US Air Force as an awesome threat that justified a new round of American missile or anti-missile systems. On the other hand, the Americans were never motivated to build and deploy corresponding numbers of their equivalent, the liquid propellant Titan 2. Derivatives of the R-36 included the R-36-O orbital bombing system, the Tsiklon-2 and -3 medium orbital launch vehicles, and the replacement R-36M missiles. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the design and manufacturing facility ended up in independent Ukraine. Accordingly the missile was finally retired in the 1990's, conveniently in accordance with arms reduction agreements with the Americans. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Yuzhnoye Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. More...

Associated Programs
  • Fasat Test satellite built by Surrey Satellite for the Chilean Air Force. More...
  • Intercosmos International cooperative satellites with a variety of missions, launched by Soviet boosters. More...
  • Strela Military store-dump communications satellite network. The commercial version of GRU Strela-3 military store-dump satellite are designated Gonets-D1. They were to be deployed in a constellation of 12 satellites (2 planes of 6) between 1996 and 1998. Each satellite has a single simultaneous earth-space and space-earth channel. On-board storage is 12 Mbits of data, with a transmission rate of 2.4 kbit/sec. Two preproduction test spacecraft of slightly different configuration called 'Gonets-D' were flown. More...
  • Tubsat Small experimental store and forward communications satellite series. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...
  • Plesetsk LC32/1 Tsiklon launch complex. Construction of this highly-automated launch complex for the Tsiklon-3 launch vehicle started in 1970. The complex was designed by the Transmash Design bureau led by Chief Designer V N Solovyev. The complex consisted of two pads. The vehicle was assembled and integrated with its payload in the assembly building. It was then delivered to the launch pad by railway in a horizontal position. A launch pad erector placed the rocket into vertical position. No service tower was needed for the storable-propellant booster. More...
  • Plesetsk LC32/2 Tsiklon launch complex. Construction of this highly-automated launch complex for the Tsiklon-3 launch vehicle started in 1970. The complex was designed by the Transmash Design bureau led by Chief Designer V N Solovyev. The complex consisted of two pads. The vehicle was assembled and integrated with its payload in the assembly building. It was then delivered to the launch pad by railway in a horizontal position. A launch pad erector placed the rocket into vertical position. No service tower was needed for the storable-propellant booster. More...

Associated Stages
  • Tsyklon 3-1 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 127,000/8,300 kg. Thrust 3,032.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 301 seconds. SL-14;11K69 More...
  • Tsyklon 3-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 53,300/4,800 kg. Thrust 941.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 318 seconds. More...
  • Tsyklon 3-3 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 4,600/1,407 kg. Thrust 78.71 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 317 seconds. More...

Tsiklon-3 Chronology


1970 January 2 - . LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Tsiklon 3 launch vehicle development authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Tselina-D; Meteor. Summary: Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On the Creation of the Carrier-Rocket 11K68 on The Basis of 11K69 RN and S5M Stage for Launch of Space Apparatus 'Tselina' and .Meteor'--approval of work on the Tsiklon-3 RN.

1977 June 24 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. LV Configuration: Tsiklon-3 No. 2L.
  • Cosmos 921 - . Payload: Tselina-D Mass model. Mass: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 10095 . COSPAR: 1977-055A. Apogee: 651 km (404 mi). Perigee: 587 km (364 mi). Inclination: 75.8000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Summary: Launch vehicle test. Dummy payload. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1977 September 24 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: Probable failure of launch vehicle stage to reach proper orbit.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Cosmos 956 - . Payload: Tselina-D Mass model. Mass: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 1982-06-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 10375 . COSPAR: 1977-095A. Apogee: 864 km (536 mi). Perigee: 355 km (220 mi). Inclination: 75.8000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Summary: Launch vehicle test. Dummy payload. Probable failure of launch vehicle stage to reach proper orbit. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1977 December 27 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: Probable failure of launch vehicle stage to reach proper orbit.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Cosmos 972 - . Payload: Tselina-D Mass model. Mass: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 10539 . COSPAR: 1977-123A. Apogee: 1,157 km (718 mi). Perigee: 712 km (442 mi). Inclination: 75.8000 deg. Period: 103.70 min. Summary: Launch vehicle test. Dummy payload. Probable failure of launch vehicle stage to reach proper orbit. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1978 June 28 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1025 - . Payload: Tselina-D Mass model no. 16. Mass: 4,375 kg (9,645 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 2007-03-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 10973 . COSPAR: 1978-067A. Apogee: 567 km (352 mi). Perigee: 551 km (342 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 95.80 min.

1978 October 26 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1045 - . Payload: Meteor-2 Mass Model. Mass: 2,670 kg (5,880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 11084 . COSPAR: 1978-100A. Apogee: 1,705 km (1,059 mi). Perigee: 1,686 km (1,047 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 120.30 min. Summary: Probable oceanographic. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .
  • Radio Sputnik 1 - . Payload: RS-1. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Radio. USAF Sat Cat: 11085 . COSPAR: 1978-100B. Apogee: 1,707 km (1,060 mi). Perigee: 1,686 km (1,047 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 120.40 min. Summary: Launched with Cosmos-1045. Amateur radiocommunication and scientific and technical experiments and study projects by students at higher educational establishments..
  • Radio-2; Radio Sputnik 2 - . Payload: RS-2. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Radio. USAF Sat Cat: 11086 . COSPAR: 1978-100C. Apogee: 1,705 km (1,059 mi). Perigee: 1,686 km (1,047 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 120.30 min. Summary: Launched with Cosmos-1045. Amateur radiocommunication and scientific and technical experiments and study projects by students at higher educational establishments..

1979 February 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1076 - . Payload: Okean-E no. 1. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-E. Completed Operations Date: 1980-03-13 . Decay Date: 2001-08-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 11266 . COSPAR: 1979-011A. Apogee: 530 km (320 mi). Perigee: 514 km (319 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Summary: Test mission of Okean satellite without the radar. Development of methods for obtaining operational information on the Pacific Ocean..

1980 January 23 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1151 - . Payload: Okean-E no. 2. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-E. Completed Operations Date: 1981-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 11671 . COSPAR: 1980-005A. Apogee: 589 km (365 mi). Perigee: 566 km (351 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.20 min. Summary: Test mission of Okean satellite without the radar. Testing of methods for obtaining operational information on the oceans..

1981 January 23 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: Payload shroud failed to separate.. Failed Stage: S.
  • Geo-IK no. 1 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 1. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. Decay Date: 1981-01-23 . COSPAR: F810123A.

1981 August 24 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1300 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 30. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 12785 . COSPAR: 1981-082A. Apogee: 609 km (378 mi). Perigee: 589 km (365 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min.

1981 September 21 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Oreol 3 - . Payload: AUOS-Z M-A-IK s/n 401. Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: France. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. USAF Sat Cat: 12848 . COSPAR: 1981-094A. Apogee: 1,672 km (1,038 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 105.80 min. Carried Soviet/French magnetosphere and ionosphere experiments. Investigation of physical processes in the earth's magnetosphere and ionosphere, and study of the nature of polar aurorae. Carried scientific equipment developed by Soviet and French specialists under the joint Soviet-French project 'Arkad-3'.

1981 September 30 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1312 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 2. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 12879 . COSPAR: 1981-098A. Apogee: 1,503 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,491 km (926 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1981 December 3 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1328 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 32. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 12987 . COSPAR: 1981-117A. Apogee: 619 km (384 mi). Perigee: 597 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1982 March 25 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-08 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 8. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 13113 . COSPAR: 1982-025A. Apogee: 957 km (594 mi). Perigee: 933 km (579 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 103.90 min. Summary: Acquisition of meteorological information and data on fluxes of penetrating radiation in circumterrestrial space. .

1982 June 10 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1378 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 36. Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 13271 . COSPAR: 1982-059A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 593 km (368 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min.

1982 September 16 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1408 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 38. Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 13552 . COSPAR: 1982-092A. Apogee: 617 km (383 mi). Perigee: 587 km (364 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 96.70 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1378..

1982 September 24 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1410 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 3. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 13589 . COSPAR: 1982-096A. Apogee: 1,503 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1983 April 23 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1455 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 41. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 14032 . COSPAR: 1983-037A. Apogee: 617 km (383 mi). Perigee: 592 km (367 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min.

1983 June 22 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1470 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 42. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 14147 . COSPAR: 1983-061A. Apogee: 626 km (388 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1983 September 28 - . 07:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1500 - . Payload: Okean-OE no. 1. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-OE. Completed Operations Date: 1986-07-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 14372 . COSPAR: 1983-099A. Apogee: 621 km (385 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Summary: Elaboration of new kinds of information-measuring apparatus and methods of remote investigation of the Pacific Ocean in the interests of science and of various branches of the national economy of the USSR. .

1983 November 24 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1510 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 4. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 14521 . COSPAR: 1983-115A. Apogee: 1,524 km (946 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1983 December 15 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1515 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 43. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 14551 . COSPAR: 1983-122A. Apogee: 620 km (380 mi). Perigee: 595 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1984 February 8 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1536 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 44. Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 14699 . COSPAR: 1984-013A. Apogee: 631 km (392 mi). Perigee: 602 km (374 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.00 min.

1984 March 15 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1544 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 45. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 14819 . COSPAR: 1984-027A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 591 km (367 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min.

1984 July 5 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-11 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 11. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 15099 . COSPAR: 1984-072A. Apogee: 957 km (594 mi). Perigee: 938 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Summary: Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space. Tested some equipment for the Meteor-3 spacecraft..

1984 August 8 - . 12:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1589 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 5. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 15171 . COSPAR: 1984-084A. Apogee: 1,504 km (934 mi). Perigee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1984 September 28 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1602 - . Payload: Okean-OE no. 2. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-OE. Completed Operations Date: 1986-12-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 15331 . COSPAR: 1984-105A. Apogee: 628 km (390 mi). Perigee: 597 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.00 min. Gathering of operational information and continued trials of new kinds of information and measurement apparatus and methods of remote investigation of the seas and oceans and the earth's surface in the interests of science and of various branches of the n ational economy of the USSR.

1984 October 18 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1606 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 46. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15369 . COSPAR: 1984-111A. Apogee: 623 km (387 mi). Perigee: 592 km (367 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1455..

1984 November 27 - . 14:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: Stage 3 failed to reignite.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Cosmos 1612 - . Payload: Meteor-3 s/n 1. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-3. Decay Date: 1984-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 15406 . COSPAR: 1984-120A. Apogee: 1,227 km (762 mi). Perigee: 132 km (82 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 98.30 min. Summary: Unusable orbit, however the operator was able to operate the satellite in a limited manner. First launch of new Meteor-3 spacecraft..

1985 January 15 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1617 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 1. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15469 . COSPAR: 1985-003A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: First launch of new Strela-3 store-dump military communications satellite. Six Strelas are put into medium earth orbits with each launch. In the first two launches, four of the satellites are mass-model mockups..
  • Cosmos 1618 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 2. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15470 . COSPAR: 1985-003B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1619 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15471 . COSPAR: 1985-003C. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,383 km (859 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.70 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1620 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15472 . COSPAR: 1985-003D. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,391 km (864 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1621 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15473 . COSPAR: 1985-003E. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,396 km (867 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1622 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15474 . COSPAR: 1985-003F. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..

1985 January 24 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1626 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 47. Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15494 . COSPAR: 1985-009A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 590 km (360 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1408..

1985 February 6 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-12 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 12. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 15516 . COSPAR: 1985-013A. Apogee: 958 km (595 mi). Perigee: 932 km (579 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Summary: Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space. .

1985 March 5 - . 15:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1633 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 48. Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15592 . COSPAR: 1985-020A. Apogee: 613 km (380 mi). Perigee: 595 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1470..

1985 June 14 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1660 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 6. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 15821 . COSPAR: 1985-047A. Apogee: 1,525 km (947 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1985 July 8 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1666 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 49. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15889 . COSPAR: 1985-058A. Apogee: 622 km (386 mi). Perigee: 595 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1985 August 8 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1674 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 50. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15944 . COSPAR: 1985-069A. Apogee: 620 km (380 mi). Perigee: 594 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1536..

1985 October 9 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1690 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 3. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16138 . COSPAR: 1985-094A. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,381 km (858 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min. Summary: Military store-dump communications satellite. Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1691 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 4. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16139 . COSPAR: 1985-094B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1692 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16140 . COSPAR: 1985-094C. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,388 km (862 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1693 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16141 . COSPAR: 1985-094D. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,393 km (865 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1694 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16142 . COSPAR: 1985-094E. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1695 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16143 . COSPAR: 1985-094F. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,405 km (873 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..

1985 October 24 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 3-01 - . Payload: Meteor-3 s/n 2. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16191 . COSPAR: 1985-100A. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,182 km (734 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Summary: First successful launch of new Meteor-3 spacecraft. Further improvement of the meteorological system using artificial earth satellite, including development of informational and measurement apparatus and remote sensing methods..

1985 November 22 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1703 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 51. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16262 . COSPAR: 1985-108A. Apogee: 621 km (385 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1674..

1985 December 12 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1707 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 52. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16326 . COSPAR: 1985-113A. Apogee: 623 km (387 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1515..

1985 December 26 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-13 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 13. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 16408 . COSPAR: 1985-119A. Apogee: 957 km (594 mi). Perigee: 936 km (581 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Summary: Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space. .

1986 January 17 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1726 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 53. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16495 . COSPAR: 1986-006A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 590 km (360 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min.

1986 February 11 - . 06:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1732 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 7. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 16593 . COSPAR: 1986-015A. Apogee: 1,525 km (947 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1986 February 19 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1733 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 54. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16611 . COSPAR: 1986-018A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 594 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1544..

1986 May 15 - . 04:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1743 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 55. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16719 . COSPAR: 1986-034A. Apogee: 623 km (387 mi). Perigee: 594 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1626..

1986 May 27 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-14 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 14. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 16735 . COSPAR: 1986-039A. Apogee: 956 km (594 mi). Perigee: 937 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Summary: Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space. .

1986 June 12 - . 04:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1758 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 56. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16791 . COSPAR: 1986-046A. Apogee: 636 km (395 mi). Perigee: 603 km (374 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1666..

1986 July 28 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1766 - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 1. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. Completed Operations Date: 1988-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 16881 . COSPAR: 1986-055A. Apogee: 631 km (392 mi). Perigee: 601 km (373 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.00 min. Oceanographic. Acquisition of operational oceanographic information in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation; continued trials of new types of informational and measurement apparatus and methods of remote sen sing of the earth's surface and atmosphere.

1986 September 30 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1782 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 57. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16986 . COSPAR: 1986-074A. Apogee: 628 km (390 mi). Perigee: 605 km (375 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.00 min.

1986 October 15 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: First-stage failure as a result of leakage of the tank pressurization system.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Strela-3 Nos. 5 to 10 - . Payload: Strela-3 Nos. 5 to 10. Mass: 1,320 kg (2,910 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: UNKS. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. COSPAR: F861015A. Summary: First attempted launch of full load of Strela-3 military store-dump communications satellite fails to reach orbit..

1986 December 2 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1803 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 8. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 17177 . COSPAR: 1986-094A. Apogee: 1,504 km (934 mi). Perigee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1986 December 10 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1805 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 58. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 17191 . COSPAR: 1986-097A. Apogee: 622 km (386 mi). Perigee: 598 km (371 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1986 December 18 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1809 - . Payload: AUOS-Z Ionozond-E s/n 501. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. USAF Sat Cat: 17241 . COSPAR: 1986-101A. Apogee: 961 km (597 mi). Perigee: 941 km (584 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Summary: Development of research apparatus and methods of remote sensing and monitoring of the Earth's ionosphere, and also study of the propagation of radio waves in the ionosphere. .

1987 January 5 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-15 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 15. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 17290 . COSPAR: 1987-001A. Apogee: 956 km (594 mi). Perigee: 939 km (583 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Summary: Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space..

1987 January 14 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1812 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 59. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 17295 . COSPAR: 1987-003A. Apogee: 622 km (386 mi). Perigee: 598 km (371 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance..

1987 February 20 - . 04:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1823 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 9. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. Decay Date: 1987-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 17535 . COSPAR: 1987-020A. Apogee: 1,524 km (946 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1987 March 3 - . 15:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1825 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 60. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 17566 . COSPAR: 1987-024A. Apogee: 621 km (385 mi). Perigee: 594 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance..

1987 March 13 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1827 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 11. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 17582 . COSPAR: 1987-026A. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,396 km (867 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Summary: First fully operational Strela-3 launch. Military store-dump communications satellite. Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1830 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 14. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 17585 . COSPAR: 1987-026D. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,407 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1832 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 16. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 17587 . COSPAR: 1987-026F. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1829 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 13. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 17584 . COSPAR: 1987-026C. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1828 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 12. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 17583 . COSPAR: 1987-026B. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,385 km (860 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1831 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 15. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 17586 . COSPAR: 1987-026E. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,391 km (864 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.

1987 April 27 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1842 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 61. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 17911 . COSPAR: 1987-038A. Apogee: 628 km (390 mi). Perigee: 602 km (374 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.00 min.

1987 July 1 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1862 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 62. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 18152 . COSPAR: 1987-055A. Apogee: 636 km (395 mi). Perigee: 602 km (374 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min.

1987 July 16 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1869 - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 2. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. Completed Operations Date: 1989-05-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 18214 . COSPAR: 1987-062A. Apogee: 632 km (392 mi). Perigee: 602 km (374 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Summary: Oceanographic. Acquisition of operational oceanographic information in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1987 August 18 - . 02:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-16 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 16. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 18312 . COSPAR: 1987-068A. Apogee: 958 km (595 mi). Perigee: 939 km (583 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Summary: Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space..

1987 September 7 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1875 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 17. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18334 . COSPAR: 1987-074A. Apogee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Perigee: 1,387 km (861 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.70 min. Summary: Military store-dump communications satellite. Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1880 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 22. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18339 . COSPAR: 1987-074F. Apogee: 1,409 km (875 mi). Perigee: 1,393 km (865 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1879 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 21. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18338 . COSPAR: 1987-074E. Apogee: 1,409 km (875 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1878 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 20. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18337 . COSPAR: 1987-074D. Apogee: 1,409 km (875 mi). Perigee: 1,403 km (871 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1876 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 18. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18335 . COSPAR: 1987-074B. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,409 km (875 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1877 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 19. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18336 . COSPAR: 1987-074C. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,407 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.

1987 October 20 - . 09:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1892 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 63. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 18421 . COSPAR: 1987-088A. Apogee: 623 km (387 mi). Perigee: 595 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1988 January 6 - . 07:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1908 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 64. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 18748 . COSPAR: 1988-001A. Apogee: 626 km (388 mi). Perigee: 600 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.00 min.

1988 January 15 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1909 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 23. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18788 . COSPAR: 1988-002A. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Summary: Military store-dump communications satellite. Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1912 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 26. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18791 . COSPAR: 1988-002D. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,395 km (866 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1913 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 27. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18792 . COSPAR: 1988-002E. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,390 km (860 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1911 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 25. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18790 . COSPAR: 1988-002C. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1910 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 24. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18789 . COSPAR: 1988-002B. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,407 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1914 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 28. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 18793 . COSPAR: 1988-002F. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,383 km (859 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.70 min.

1988 January 30 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-17 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 17. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 18820 . COSPAR: 1988-005A. Apogee: 958 km (595 mi). Perigee: 934 km (580 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Summary: Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space..

1988 March 15 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1933 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 65. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 18958 . COSPAR: 1988-020A. Apogee: 629 km (390 mi). Perigee: 605 km (375 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min.

1988 May 30 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1950 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 10. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 19195 . COSPAR: 1988-046A. Apogee: 1,522 km (945 mi). Perigee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1988 June 14 - . 03:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1953 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 66. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 19210 . COSPAR: 1988-050A. Apogee: 637 km (395 mi). Perigee: 604 km (375 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Summary: Outer space research. .

1988 July 5 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Okean 1 - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 3. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. Completed Operations Date: 1990-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 19274 . COSPAR: 1988-056A. Apogee: 633 km (393 mi). Perigee: 606 km (376 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Summary: Oceanographic. Gathering of up-to-date oceanographic information and data on ice conditions in the interests of the Soviet economy and international cooperation. .

1988 July 26 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 3-02 - . Payload: Meteor-3 s/n 3. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19336 . COSPAR: 1988-064A. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,182 km (734 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Summary: Continued improvement of the meteorological system using artificial earth satellites, including the testing of information-gathering and measuring apparatus and of remote sensing methods. .

1988 October 11 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1975 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 67. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 19573 . COSPAR: 1988-093A. Apogee: 636 km (395 mi). Perigee: 604 km (375 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Summary: Investigation of outer space. .

1988 December 23 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1985 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-3. Decay Date: 1992-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 19720 . COSPAR: 1988-113A. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 73.5000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission. Believed to be a modernised version of the Taifun-1 satellite. Released 36 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1989 February 10 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1994 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 29. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19785 . COSPAR: 1989-009A. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Summary: Military store-dump communications satellite. Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1996 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 31. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19787 . COSPAR: 1989-009C. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,405 km (873 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1995 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 30. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19786 . COSPAR: 1989-009B. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1999 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 34. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19790 . COSPAR: 1989-009F. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,383 km (859 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1998 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 33. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19789 . COSPAR: 1989-009E. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,389 km (863 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1997 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 32. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 19788 . COSPAR: 1989-009D. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.

1989 February 28 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-18 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 18. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 19851 . COSPAR: 1989-018A. Apogee: 953 km (592 mi). Perigee: 937 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Summary: Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space..

1989 June 9 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: Stage 3 failure - third stage engine did not ignite for second burn.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Okean - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 4. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: UNKS. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. COSPAR: F890609A.

1989 August 28 - . 00:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2037 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 11. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 20196 . COSPAR: 1989-068A. Apogee: 1,524 km (946 mi). Perigee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Summary: Investigation of outer space. .

1989 September 14 - . 09:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2038 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 35. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20232 . COSPAR: 1989-074A. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,392 km (864 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min. Summary: Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2040 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 37. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20234 . COSPAR: 1989-074C. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,409 km (875 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2043 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 40. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20237 . COSPAR: 1989-074F. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2042 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 39. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20236 . COSPAR: 1989-074E. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,403 km (871 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2041 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 38. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20235 . COSPAR: 1989-074D. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2039 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 36. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20233 . COSPAR: 1989-074B. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,386 km (861 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.70 min.

1989 September 28 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Intercosmos 24 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-AV-IK s/n 201. Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Completed Operations Date: 1995-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 20261 . COSPAR: 1989-080A. Apogee: 2,414 km (1,499 mi). Perigee: 499 km (310 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 115.00 min. US participation; particles and fields experiments; deployed Magion 2. Comprehensive study of the processes of propagation of low-frequency electromagnetic waves in the earth's magnetosphere and their interaction with charged particles of the radiation belts, in cooperation with Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the German Democrati c Republic, Hungary, Poland and Romania (the international scientific project entitled 'Aktivny'). Carrying the Czechoslovak Magion-2 satellite.
  • Magion 2 - . Payload: S2-AK. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Czech Republic. Agency: UNKS. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Magion. USAF Sat Cat: 20281 . COSPAR: 1989-080B. Apogee: 2,441 km (1,516 mi). Perigee: 498 km (309 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 115.30 min. Deployed from Intercosmos 24 10/3/89; examined signal propogation from Intercosmos 24. Research of the magnetosphere and the ionosphere of the Earth. The Czechoslovak satellite Magion 2 was launched into orbit by the Soviet spacecraft Intercosmos 24. Magion 2 forms a part of the scientific programme of Intercosmos 24 (project Aktivnyj) Exe cution of the scientific programme of the 'Aktivny' project in conjunction with Intercosmos-24, permitting simultaneous spatially separating investigations of plasma processes in circumterrestrial space.

1989 October 24 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 3-03 - . Payload: Meteor-3 s/n 4. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20305 . COSPAR: 1989-086A. Apogee: 1,249 km (776 mi). Perigee: 1,240 km (770 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 110.40 min. Summary: Testing data-measuring equipment and methods for remote sensing of the atmosphere and Earth's surface to benefit the Soviet economy and science. .

1989 December 27 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2053 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-3. Decay Date: 1997-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 20389 . COSPAR: 1989-100A. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 73.5000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Believed to be a modernised version of the Taifun-1 satellite, built by NPO Yuzhnoe. The satellite carried 36 small Calibration Spherical Object subsatellites to test Russian radars. These were released between December 27, 1989 and November 1, 1991. While Cosmos 2053 re-entered in 1997, by May 1999 the S5M upper stage was still in a 471 km x 485 km x 73.5 deg orbit. An on-board explosion blew it into 25 new objects.

1990 January 30 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2058 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 68. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 20465 . COSPAR: 1990-010A. Apogee: 645 km (400 mi). Perigee: 616 km (382 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.30 min. Summary: Investigation of outer space. .

1990 February 28 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Okean 2 - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 5. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. Completed Operations Date: 1991-07-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 20510 . COSPAR: 1990-018A. Apogee: 646 km (401 mi). Perigee: 617 km (383 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.40 min. Summary: Oceanographic remote sensing. Gathering of up-to-date oceanographic information and data on ice conditions in the interests of the Soviet economy and international cooperation. .

1990 June 27 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-19 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 19. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 20670 . COSPAR: 1990-057A. Apogee: 960 km (590 mi). Perigee: 937 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Summary: Gathering round-the-clock meteorological information..

1990 July 30 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2088 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 12. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 20720 . COSPAR: 1990-066A. Apogee: 1,524 km (946 mi). Perigee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Summary: Investigation of outer space. .

1990 August 8 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2090 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 41. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20735 . COSPAR: 1990-070A. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,392 km (864 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2095 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 46. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20740 . COSPAR: 1990-070F. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,384 km (859 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2093 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 44. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20738 . COSPAR: 1990-070D. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2091 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 42. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20736 . COSPAR: 1990-070B. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2092 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 43. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20737 . COSPAR: 1990-070C. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,407 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2094 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 45. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20739 . COSPAR: 1990-070E. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,396 km (867 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.

1990 September 28 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-20 - . Payload: Meteor-2 s/n 25. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 20826 . COSPAR: 1990-086A. Apogee: 961 km (597 mi). Perigee: 939 km (583 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Summary: Gathering round-the-clock meteorological information..

1990 November 28 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2106 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 69. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 2000-04-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 20966 . COSPAR: 1990-104A. Apogee: 469 km (291 mi). Perigee: 458 km (284 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 93.90 min. Summary: Released 27 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1990 December 22 - . 07:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2114 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 47. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21028 . COSPAR: 1990-114A. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,409 km (875 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2115 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 48. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21029 . COSPAR: 1990-114B. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2119 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 52. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21033 . COSPAR: 1990-114F. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,385 km (860 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2118 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 51. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21032 . COSPAR: 1990-114E. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,391 km (864 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2117 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 50. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21031 . COSPAR: 1990-114D. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2116 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 49. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21030 . COSPAR: 1990-114C. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,402 km (871 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.

1991 April 24 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 3-04 - . Payload: Meteor-3 s/n 6. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21232 . COSPAR: 1991-030A. Apogee: 1,209 km (751 mi). Perigee: 1,187 km (737 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Summary: Testing data-measuring equipment and methods for remote sensing of the atmosphere and Earth's surface to benefit the Soviet economy and science. First completely operational version of the spacecraft..

1991 May 16 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2143 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 53. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21299 . COSPAR: 1991-033A. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2148 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 58. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21304 . COSPAR: 1991-033F. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,381 km (858 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2147 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 57. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21303 . COSPAR: 1991-033E. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,388 km (862 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2146 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 56. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21302 . COSPAR: 1991-033D. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,393 km (865 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2145 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 55. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21301 . COSPAR: 1991-033C. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,405 km (873 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2144 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 54. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21300 . COSPAR: 1991-033B. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

1991 June 4 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Okean 3 - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 6. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. Completed Operations Date: 1994-01-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 21397 . COSPAR: 1991-039A. Apogee: 656 km (407 mi). Perigee: 621 km (385 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.50 min. Summary: Oceanography. Gathering of up-to-date oceanographic information and data on ice conditions in the interests of the Soviet economy and international cooperation. Okean 3 ceased working in January of 1994..

1991 June 13 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2151 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 70. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 21422 . COSPAR: 1991-042A. Apogee: 653 km (405 mi). Perigee: 625 km (388 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.50 min. Summary: Investigation of outer space. .

1991 August 15 - . 09:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 3-05 - . Payload: Meteor-3 s/n 5/TOMS. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21655 . COSPAR: 1991-056A. Apogee: 1,208 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,185 km (736 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Gathering of hydrometeorological data; testing of data-gathering and measuring equipment, of optical and mechanical television and radiometric scanning apparatus, of instruments for geophysical research and of methods for the remote sensing of the atmosph ere and the Earth's surface for various branches of the USSR economy and science; charting the state of the ozone layer, using American (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) instrument. Meteor 3-5 continued to operate during 1993-1994, but its US TOMS developed problems in May, 1993, and failed entirely in late 1994. However, the data returned by the 30-kg instrument, particularly over the south polar region, was exceptionally valuable.

1991 September 28 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2157 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 59. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21728 . COSPAR: 1991-068A. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Summary: Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2160 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 62. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21731 . COSPAR: 1991-068D. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2158 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 60. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21729 . COSPAR: 1991-068B. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2161 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 63. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21732 . COSPAR: 1991-068E. Apogee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2159 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 61. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21730 . COSPAR: 1991-068C. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,388 km (862 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2162 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 64. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21733 . COSPAR: 1991-068F. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,409 km (875 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

1991 November 12 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2165 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 65. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21779 . COSPAR: 1991-077A. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,395 km (866 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2167 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 67. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21781 . COSPAR: 1991-077C. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2170 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 70. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21784 . COSPAR: 1991-077F. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2169 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 69. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21783 . COSPAR: 1991-077E. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,383 km (859 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2166 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 66. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21780 . COSPAR: 1991-077B. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,407 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2168 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 68. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21782 . COSPAR: 1991-077D. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,390 km (860 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.

1991 December 18 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Intercosmos 25 - . Payload: AUOS-Z APEKS-IK s/n 301. Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. USAF Sat Cat: 21819 . COSPAR: 1991-086A. Apogee: 2,969 km (1,844 mi). Perigee: 436 km (270 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 120.50 min. Solar activity monitoring; hosted experiments from Germany, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Hungary. Comprehensive study of the effects of artificial impact of modulated electron flows and plasma beams on the ionosphere and magnetosphere of the Earth (forming part of the Apex international scientific project, conducted jointly with Bulgaria, Czechoslovak ia, Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania.) Launched with the Czechoslovak satellite Magion-3, separated from the space object Intercosmos-25 on 28 Dec 1991, in accordance with the scientific programme of the Apex project.
  • Magion 3 - . Payload: S2-AP. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: Czech Republic. Agency: UNKS. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Magion. USAF Sat Cat: 21835 . COSPAR: 1991-086E. Apogee: 2,943 km (1,828 mi). Perigee: 436 km (270 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 120.20 min. Separated from Intercosmos 25 on 12/28/91; geophysical. Research of magnetosphere nad the ionosphere of the Earth by passive and active methods. Launched on 18 Dec 1991. The Czechoslovak satellite Magion 3 forms, together with the spacecraft Intercosmos 25, part of the Apex scientific project. Magion 3 was sep arated into an autonomous orbit on 28 Dec 1991. Magion 3 was launched into orbit by the Soviet spacecraft Intercosmos 25.

1992 July 13 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2197 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 71. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22034 . COSPAR: 1992-042A. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2199 - . Payload: Gonets-D no. 1. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 22036 . COSPAR: 1992-042C. Apogee: 1,427 km (886 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min. Summary: Test flight of new Gonets commercial communication system. Investigation of outer space. .
  • Cosmos 2202 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 74. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22039 . COSPAR: 1992-042F. Apogee: 1,419 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,407 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2200 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 73. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22037 . COSPAR: 1992-042D. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2201 - . Payload: Gonets-D no. 2. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 22038 . COSPAR: 1992-042E. Apogee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Test flight of new Gonets commercial communication system. Investigation of outer space. .
  • Cosmos 2198 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 72. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22035 . COSPAR: 1992-042B. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

1992 October 20 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2211 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 75. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22182 . COSPAR: 1992-068A. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,402 km (871 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2216 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 80. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22187 . COSPAR: 1992-068F. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2212 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 76. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22183 . COSPAR: 1992-068B. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2213 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 77. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22184 . COSPAR: 1992-068C. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2214 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 78. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22185 . COSPAR: 1992-068D. Apogee: 1,423 km (884 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 2215 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 79. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22186 . COSPAR: 1992-068E. Apogee: 1,429 km (887 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.

1992 November 24 - . 04:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2221 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 71. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 22236 . COSPAR: 1992-080A. Apogee: 662 km (411 mi). Perigee: 630 km (390 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.70 min. Summary: Investigation of outer space. .

1992 December 22 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2226 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 13. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 22282 . COSPAR: 1992-092A. Apogee: 1,525 km (947 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Summary: Investigation of outer space. .

1992 December 25 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2228 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 72. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 22286 . COSPAR: 1992-094A. Apogee: 666 km (413 mi). Perigee: 628 km (390 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.70 min. Summary: Investigation of outer space. .

1993 April 16 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2242 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 73. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 22626 . COSPAR: 1993-024A. Apogee: 665 km (413 mi). Perigee: 629 km (390 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.70 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance. Investigation of outer space. .

1993 May 11 - . 14:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2245 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 81. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22646 . COSPAR: 1993-030A. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2247 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 83. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22648 . COSPAR: 1993-030C. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,403 km (871 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2248 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 84. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22649 . COSPAR: 1993-030D. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2246 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 82. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22647 . COSPAR: 1993-030B. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2250 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 86. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22651 . COSPAR: 1993-030F. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,402 km (871 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2249 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 85. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22650 . COSPAR: 1993-030E. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.

1993 June 24 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2252 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 87. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22687 . COSPAR: 1993-038A. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,403 km (871 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2255 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 90. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22690 . COSPAR: 1993-038D. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2256 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 91. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22691 . COSPAR: 1993-038E. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2257 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 92. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22692 . COSPAR: 1993-038F. Apogee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Perigee: 1,407 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2253 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 88. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22688 . COSPAR: 1993-038B. Apogee: 1,426 km (886 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 2254 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 89. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22689 . COSPAR: 1993-038C. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,393 km (865 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.

1993 August 31 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-21 - . Payload: Meteor-2 s/n 24. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 22782 . COSPAR: 1993-055A. Apogee: 967 km (600 mi). Perigee: 936 km (581 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Obtaining meteorological data and information on the radiation status of geovicinal outer space. The satellite included the Temisat German small space facility, which was separated from Meteor-2 on the seventh transit of the flight. Western interceptions of Meteor 2-21's transmissions indicated that the spacecraft did not perform as well as earlier vehicles in the series, particularly with regard to image quality and stable signal strength. The spacecraft operated through the end of 1994 on 137.400 MHz and 137.850 MHz, switching when required to avoid interference with other Russian Earth observation spacecraft.
  • Temisat - . Payload: Temisat / S5M. Mass: 42 kg (92 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: Telespazio. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Temisat. USAF Sat Cat: 22783 . COSPAR: 1993-055B. Apogee: 967 km (600 mi). Perigee: 936 km (581 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. The Temisat micro-satellite was a piggyback payload designed to collect and re-transmit environmental data from terrestrial sensors and was separated from Meteor-2-21 on the seventh transit of the flight. Temisat was registered by the Telespazio Italian partner in agreement with the Kaiser-Threde Company (Munich). Environmental measurements were acquired through ground sensors, collected, temporarily stored on the ground, and logged by an autonomous terminal until upload request is received from TEMISAT.Characteristics: (a) Mass 42 kg (b) Dimension 35 x 35 x 35 cm, (c) Electric power 62 W Max, (d) Attitude control : 2 magnetic coil, 1 Am**2, (e) On-board memories - 2 of 8.5 Mbytes each, (f) Lifetime 5 years. Drift of the ascending node of orbital plane: 0.8 deg/d westwards. Copassenger of METEOR 2 satellite.

1994 January 25 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 3-06 - . Payload: Meteor-3 s/n 7. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22969 . COSPAR: 1994-003A. Apogee: 1,228 km (763 mi). Perigee: 1,191 km (740 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Obtained meterological and solar-terrestrial data. Meteor 3-6 was inserted into an orbital plane 60 degrees to the west of Meteor 3-5's plane and ejected the small German satellite Tubsat B on the second orbit. Meteor 3-6 also carried an integrated French radiometer called SCARAB (Scanner for Radiation Budget) and a German PRARE (Precision Range and Range Rate Experiment) geodetic instrument. The French radiometer was designed to study the Earth's radiation budget over an extended period of time and to measure the effect of clouds on the greenhouse phenomenon. A second SCARAB instrument was manifested on a Meteor spacecraft that was to be launched in 1996, but this did not come to pass. The German PRARE was similar to the instrument carried on ESA's ERS· 1 satellite.
  • Tubsat-B - . Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: TUB. Program: Tubsat. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Tubsat. USAF Sat Cat: 22970 . COSPAR: 1994-003B. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,184 km (735 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Following the success of the magnetic torque attitude control system that flew on Tubsat-A, researchers and students at Germany's Technical University of Berlin constructed Tubsat-B to test and demonstrate attitude control with a star sensor and three reaction wheels. An on-board 1m telescope was used for astronomy and for Earth observation at 10m resolution. Dimensions of the satellite were 38x38x50 cm, mass 40 kg. Unfortunately communications with the satellite were lost after 39 Days

1994 February 12 - . 08:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2268 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 93. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22999 . COSPAR: 1994-011A. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket. The space objects served the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation..
  • Cosmos 2272 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 97. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23003 . COSPAR: 1994-011E. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 2273 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 98. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23004 . COSPAR: 1994-011F. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 2270 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 95. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23001 . COSPAR: 1994-011C. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 2271 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 96. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23002 . COSPAR: 1994-011D. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 2269 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 94. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23000 . COSPAR: 1994-011B. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.

1994 March 2 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Intercosmos 26 - . Payload: AUOS-SM-KI-IK. Mass: 2,160 kg (4,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Decay Date: 2001-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 23019 . COSPAR: 1994-014A. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 501 km (311 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 94.70 min. Solar and space physics. Conduct of comprehensive investigations of the sun under the Koronas-I international project developed by Russian and Ukranian experimts in cooperation with specialists from Poland, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Bulgaria, France, and the United Kingdom.

1994 May 25 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: Stage 2 and 3 failed to separate due to a breakdown of the launch vehicle control system.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Tselina-D - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 74. Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. COSPAR: F940525A. Summary: Destroyed by launch safety..

1994 October 11 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Okean-O1 no. 7 - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 7. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. USAF Sat Cat: 23317 . COSPAR: 1994-066A. Apogee: 665 km (413 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 82.5400 deg. Period: 97.70 min. Summary: Oceanography..

1994 November 29 - . 02:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Geo-IK - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 14. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 23411 . COSPAR: 1994-078A. Apogee: 1,526 km (948 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Summary: Also tested Elekon communcations payload..

1994 December 26 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. Launch Pad: LC32/2?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2299 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 99. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23441 . COSPAR: 1994-086A. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,402 km (871 mi). Inclination: 82.5700 deg. Period: 113.97 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2300 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 100. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23442 . COSPAR: 1994-086B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.5500 deg. Period: 114.05 min.
  • Cosmos 2303 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 103. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23445 . COSPAR: 1994-086E. Apogee: 1,430 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.5600 deg. Period: 114.26 min.
  • Cosmos 2302 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 102. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23444 . COSPAR: 1994-086D. Apogee: 1,423 km (884 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 2304 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 104. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23446 . COSPAR: 1994-086F. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.5600 deg. Period: 114.11 min.
  • Cosmos 2301 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 101. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23443 . COSPAR: 1994-086C. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 82.5600 deg. Period: 114.11 min.

1995 August 31 - . 06:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Sich 1 - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 8. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: NKAU. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. USAF Sat Cat: 23657 . COSPAR: 1995-046A. Apogee: 668 km (415 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.70 min. Summary: Oceanographic remote sensing; carried FASat-Alfa microsat for Chile that failed to deploy..
  • Fasat-Alfa - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Chile. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Fasat. Spacecraft: MicroSat-70. USAF Sat Cat: 23657 . COSPAR: 1995-046xx. Apogee: 639 km (397 mi). Perigee: 605 km (375 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Chile's first satellite built through a technology transfer programme with Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. Carried store and forward and Earth observation payloads. Decommissioned as of 2000..

1996 February 19 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2328 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 1. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 23787 . COSPAR: 1996-009A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Summary: LEO. Carried photo-surveillance system for disaster monitoring; also carried communications package .
  • Cosmos 2330 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 107. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23792 . COSPAR: 1996-009F. Apogee: 1,427 km (886 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 2329 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 2. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 23788 . COSPAR: 1996-009B. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,406 km (873 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Summary: LEO. Carried photo-surveillance system for disaster monitoring; also carried communications package .
  • Cosmos 2330 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 3. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 23789 . COSPAR: 1996-009C. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: LEO. Carried photo-surveillance system for disaster monitoring; also carried communications package .
  • Cosmos 2328 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 105. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23790 . COSPAR: 1996-009D. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2329 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 106. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23791 . COSPAR: 1996-009E. Apogee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.

1997 February 14 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Gonets-D1 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 4. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 24725 . COSPAR: 1997-006A. Apogee: 1,428 km (887 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Gonets-D1 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 5. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 24726 . COSPAR: 1997-006B. Apogee: 1,422 km (883 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 2339 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 110. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 24730 . COSPAR: 1997-006F. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Gonets-D1 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 6. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 24727 . COSPAR: 1997-006C. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2337 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 108. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 24728 . COSPAR: 1997-006D. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,403 km (871 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2338 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 109. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 24729 . COSPAR: 1997-006E. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.

1998 June 15 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: The launch vehicle control system was misprogrammed before launch due to a malfunction of the ground instrumentation. However the satellites were in usable orbits..
  • Cosmos 2352 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 108. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 25363 . COSPAR: 1998-036A. Apogee: 1,872 km (1,163 mi). Perigee: 1,313 km (815 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 118.00 min. Summary: Six Strela-3 military communications satellites launched as usual by a single launch vehicle. However the S5M third stage cut off early during its circulisation burn, leaving the satellites in elliptical 1300 x 1900 km orbits..
  • Cosmos 2357 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 113. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 25368 . COSPAR: 1998-036F. Apogee: 1,861 km (1,156 mi). Perigee: 1,296 km (805 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 117.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2356 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 112. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 25367 . COSPAR: 1998-036E. Apogee: 1,865 km (1,158 mi). Perigee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 117.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2355 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 111. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 25366 . COSPAR: 1998-036D. Apogee: 1,865 km (1,158 mi). Perigee: 1,305 km (810 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 117.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2354 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 110. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 25365 . COSPAR: 1998-036C. Apogee: 1,869 km (1,161 mi). Perigee: 1,309 km (813 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 118.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2353 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 109. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 25364 . COSPAR: 1998-036B. Apogee: 1,867 km (1,160 mi). Perigee: 1,303 km (809 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 117.90 min.

2000 December 27 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: The S5M third stage steering unit failed and the vehicle crashed a few thousand km downrange near Wrangel Island.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Gonets-D1 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. COSPAR: F001227A. Summary: Civilian communications. Failed to orbit..
  • Strela-3 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. COSPAR: F001227E. Summary: Military Communications. Failed to orbit..
  • Gonets-D1 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. COSPAR: F001227B. Summary: Civilian communications. Failed to orbit..
  • Strela-3 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. COSPAR: F001227D. Summary: Military Communications. Failed to orbit..
  • Strela-3 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. COSPAR: F001227F. Summary: Military Communications. Failed to orbit..
  • Gonets-D1 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. COSPAR: F001227C. Summary: Civilian communications. Failed to orbit..

2001 July 31 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Koronas-F - . Payload: AUOS-SM-KF. Mass: 2,260 kg (4,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Decay Date: 2005-12-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 26873 . COSPAR: 2001-032A. Apogee: 529 km (328 mi). Perigee: 486 km (301 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Launch delayed from July 25. Koronas-F was a Russian solar observatory that pointed toward Sun within 10 arc-minutes to conduct a variety of observations. In broad categories, it carried X-ray monitors to locate sources within 1 arc-sec, radio receivers to measure flux and polarization, and particle counters. Additional Details: here....

2001 December 28 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2384 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27055 . COSPAR: 2001-058A. Apogee: 1,432 km (889 mi). Perigee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min. The Tsiklon put six military Strela-3 and three civilian equivalent Gonets-D1 satellites into a medium earth orbit. Due to a launch failure in 2000 this was the first replenishment of the Strela satellite constellation since 1998. The Tsiklon second stage burn was complete at 0329:02 UTC. The S5M stage separated and ignited at 0330 and shut down at 0332:00, placing the stage and satellite dispenser in a suborbital -550 x 1400 km orbit. A second burn at apogee at 0406:15 UTC put the stage in a 1400 km circular orbit. The three Gonets satellites separated first, beginning at 0407:28 UTC; the last of the three Kosmos/Strela satellites was ejected at 0408:33, with a perigee about 15 km higher than the first of the deployments.
  • Gonets D1 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 27058 . COSPAR: 2001-058D. Apogee: 1,419 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Three military Strela-3 and three civilian equivalent Gonets-D1 satellites orbited in a single launch..
  • Cosmos 2385 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27056 . COSPAR: 2001-058B. Apogee: 1,426 km (886 mi). Perigee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 114.30 min. Summary: Three military Strela-3 and three civilian equivalent Gonets-D1 satellites orbited in a single launch..
  • Gonets D1 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 27059 . COSPAR: 2001-058E. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 114.20 min. Summary: Three military Strela-3 and three civilian equivalent Gonets-D1 satellites orbited in a single launch..
  • Gonets D1 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 27060 . COSPAR: 2001-058F. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Summary: Three military Strela-3 and three civilian equivalent Gonets-D1 satellites orbited in a single launch..
  • Cosmos 2386 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 27057 . COSPAR: 2001-058C. Apogee: 1,419 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 114.20 min. Summary: Three military Strela-3 and three civilian equivalent Gonets-D1 satellites orbited in a single launch..

2004 December 24 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. LV Configuration: Tsiklon-3 701. FAILURE: Launch vehicle control system failure during third stage apogee kick burn..
  • Sich-1M - . Payload: Okean O1-N9. Mass: 2,263 kg (4,989 lb). Nation: Ukraine. Agency: NKAU. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. Decay Date: 2006-04-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 28505 . COSPAR: 2004-052A. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 82.5559 deg. Summary: Ukranian-built remote sensing satellite. Originally tagged by USAF SpaceCom as Cosmos 2412. Third stage apogee kick burn was too short, raising the perigee of the orbit from 78 km to 280 km, rather than the 650 km planned..
  • Mikron - . Payload: MK-1TS. Mass: 66 kg (145 lb). Nation: Ukraine. Agency: NKAU. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MS-1. Decay Date: 2005-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 28507 . COSPAR: 2004-052C. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 82.5559 deg. The Mikron microsatellite was equipped with a small visible range video camera. The information from the satellite was to be used to provide remote sensing of topography and meteorology. However the main purpose of the experimental satellite was to test the MS-1 microsatellite bus created under the Ukrainian National Space Program. The satellites spectral range was from 0.45 to 0.90 mm; swath width was 253-391 km; resolution 124-191 m.

2009 January 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Koronas-Foton - . Payload: AUOS-SM-KF. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. USAF Sat Cat: 33504 . COSPAR: 2009-003A. Apogee: 561 km (348 mi). Perigee: 539 km (334 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Carried ten instruments to study in the sun throughout the electromagnetic spectrum, primarily Russian: Natalya-2M spectrometer; RT-2 gamma-telescope (India); Pingvin-M polarimeter; Konus-RF x-ray and gamma spectrometer; BRM x-ray detector; FOKA UV-detector; TESIS telescope/spectrometer with SphinX soft X-ray spectrophotometer (Poland); Electron-M-Peska charged particles analyser; STEP-F Electron and proton detector(Ukraine); SM-8M magnetometer. Follow-up to 2001 Koronas-F launch.

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