Encyclopedia Astronautica
Tamouz



tamouzm.jpg
Tamouz
Iraqi space launch vehicle/ICBM based on clustering of Scud tactical missiles. Canadian rocket scientist Gerald Bull was allegedly killed by Israeli agents not for his work on the supergun, but rather for his much more damaging assistance to the Iraqis in doing the dynamic calculations for the Tamouz.

Launch data is: complete. Maximum range: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

Stage Data - Tamouz

  • Stage 0. 5 x R-17. Gross Mass: 5,385 kg (11,871 lb). Empty Mass: 1,645 kg (3,626 lb). Thrust (vac): 93.100 kN (20,930 lbf). Isp: 251 sec. Burn time: 95 sec. Isp(sl): 219 sec. Diameter: 0.96 m (3.14 ft). Span: 1.77 m (5.80 ft). Length: 7.43 m (24.37 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: Isayev R-17. Other designations: 8K14, SS-1C Scud B, 9K72 Elbrus. Status: Out of Production. Comments: Developed from Russian storable fuel tactical missile. Original R-11 designed by Korolev OKB, subsequent developments by Makeyev OKB. Using calculations of Gerald Bull, stretched and clustered as basis of Iraqi ICBM/satellite launch vehicle.
  • Stage 1. 1 x R-17. Gross Mass: 5,385 kg (11,871 lb). Empty Mass: 1,645 kg (3,626 lb). Thrust (vac): 93.100 kN (20,930 lbf). Isp: 251 sec. Burn time: 95 sec. Isp(sl): 219 sec. Diameter: 0.96 m (3.14 ft). Span: 1.77 m (5.80 ft). Length: 7.43 m (24.37 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: Isayev R-17. Other designations: 8K14, SS-1C Scud B, 9K72 Elbrus. Status: Out of Production. Comments: Developed from Russian storable fuel tactical missile. Original R-11 designed by Korolev OKB, subsequent developments by Makeyev OKB. Using calculations of Gerald Bull, stretched and clustered as basis of Iraqi ICBM/satellite launch vehicle.
  • Stage 2. 1 x R-17. Gross Mass: 5,385 kg (11,871 lb). Empty Mass: 1,645 kg (3,626 lb). Thrust (vac): 93.100 kN (20,930 lbf). Isp: 251 sec. Burn time: 95 sec. Isp(sl): 219 sec. Diameter: 0.96 m (3.14 ft). Span: 1.77 m (5.80 ft). Length: 7.43 m (24.37 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: Isayev R-17. Other designations: 8K14, SS-1C Scud B, 9K72 Elbrus. Status: Out of Production. Comments: Developed from Russian storable fuel tactical missile. Original R-11 designed by Korolev OKB, subsequent developments by Makeyev OKB. Using calculations of Gerald Bull, stretched and clustered as basis of Iraqi ICBM/satellite launch vehicle.

Status: Retired 1989.
Gross mass: 37,695 kg (83,103 lb).
Height: 18.00 m (59.00 ft).
Diameter: 0.96 m (3.14 ft).
Thrust: 406.40 kN (91,362 lbf).
Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).
First Launch: 1989.12.05.
Number: 1 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • A4 The V-2, known as the A4 to its developers, was the basis for most of the rocketry that exists in the world today. It was ineffective as a weapon of war, but represented a quantum leap in technology. The A1, A2, A3, and A5 were steps in the development of the missile. Later versions - the A6 through A12 - were planned to take the Third Reich to the planets. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bull Canadian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Bull, Canada. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Koelle, Heinz Hermann,, Handbook of Astronautical Engineering, McGraw-Hill,New York, 1961.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Al Anbar Military testing range. Launch gantry located here for Tamouz satellite launcher, used for one known launch attempt in 1989. Probably destroyed in Gulf War.

     

     

     

     

     

     

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Associated Stages
  • R-17 Nitric acid/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 5,385/1,645 kg. Thrust 93.10 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 251 seconds. Developed from Russian storable fuel tactical missile. Original R-11 designed by Korolev OKB, subsequent developments by Makeyev OKB. Using calculations of Gerald Bull, stretched and clustered as basis of Iraqi ICBM/satellite launch vehicle. More...

Tamouz Chronology


1989 December 5 - . Launch Site: Al Anbar. Launch Vehicle: Tamouz.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1990 March 22 - . Launch Vehicle: Babylon Gun; Tamouz.
  • Gerard Bull assassinated, ending the Tamouz and supergun projects. - . Nation: Iraq. It is commonly thought that he was killed by the Israelis, concerned not so much by the supergun work but rather dynamics research Bull was doing to improve Iraqi ballistic missiles. Three weeks later British Customs seized the final eight sections of the Babylon Gun.

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