Encyclopedia Astronautica
Strela



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Strela
Credit: © Mark Wade
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ICBM-Derived LVs
The range of launch vehicles derived from decommissioned ballistic missiles offered for sale by Russia after the cold war.
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. Launch vehicle by NPO MASH based on UR-100N's decommissioned from Ukrainian missile fields. 106 tonne liftoff mass.

LEO Payload: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb) to a 200 km orbit at 74.00 degrees. Launch Price $: 10.500 million.

AKA: RS-18; UR-100N; SS-19 Mod.1; 15A30.
Status: Active.
Gross mass: 104,000 kg (229,000 lb).
Payload: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb).
Height: 26.70 m (87.50 ft).
Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft).
Thrust: 1,900.00 kN (427,100 lbf).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).
First Launch: 2003.12.05.
Number: 1 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • UR-100N The UR-100N was designed as a replacement for the UR-100 at the end of its ten year storage life. Although it could be installed in the same silos, it was 50% heavier. The competing design of Yangel, the MR-UR-100, was also put into production when the Soviet hierarchy deadlocked and could not pick one design over the other. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Chelomei Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Chelomei Design Bureau, Reutov, Russia. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...

Associated Stages
  • UR-100N Stage 1N N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 77,150/5,695 kg. Thrust 1,778.66 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 310 seconds. More...
  • UR-100N Stage 2N N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 12,195/1,485 kg. Thrust 214.27 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 322 seconds. Engine has one main engine and four verniers. Verniers continue to burn for 19 seconds after mainstage shutoff. More...

Strela Chronology


2003 December 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Strela.
  • Payload Mockup - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. USAF Sat Cat: 28098 . COSPAR: 2003-055A. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi). Perigee: 454 km (282 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Summary: Originally reported as an ICBM test. A Reuters story, later confirmed, claimed it was the first orbital launch of the Strela version of the rocket..

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