Encyclopedia Astronautica
Shahab 3



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Shahab 3
From left to right: cutaway and exterior views of Shahab 3 stretched missile; probable appearance of an orbital launch vehicle version; orbital launch version as displayed in a model in Iran in 1998.
Credit: © Mark Wade
Iranian intermediate range ballistic missile, evolved incrementally with Russian assistance from initial copy of North Korean Nodong 1 into a longer-range missile and the first stage of an orbital launch vehicle. Initial version began flight tests in 1998.

On 7 July 2003 Iranian state radio reported that the final trials test had been conducted a few weeks earlier and the missile had been accepted by the military. It was also reported that the larger Shahab 4 missile had been cancelled, since the Shahab 3 had been provided with a greater payload in its place. Western sources indicated Russian technology was used in the improvement of the Shahab 3.

In November 2004 US intelligence sources stated that the version of the missile used in 2004 tests had been stretched 15% and equipped with a larger payload fairing, indicating possible preparations for the long-announced Iranian indigenous satellite launch. A stretched Shahab-3 with improved performance, topped with two upper stages, would be equivalent to the French Diamant launcher of the 1960's. It would certainly be capable of orbiting the 60 kg Mesbah satellite mentioned in the press, and possibly the 170 kg mentioned for the follow-on satellite.

Failures: 2. First Fail Date: 1998-07-22. Last Fail Date: 2000-09-21. Standard warhead: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Maximum range: 1,200 km (700 mi). Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket.

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 14,500 kg (31,900 lb).
Payload: 700 kg (1,540 lb).
Height: 14.82 m (48.61 ft).
Diameter: 1.19 m (3.90 ft).
Thrust: 255.00 kN (57,326 lbf).
Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).
First Launch: 1998.07.22.
Last Launch: 2011.06.28.
Number: 19 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
  • Iran Iran, following a thirty year effort to acquire foreign technology however possible, launched its first satellite in 2009. More...
  • Iran Iran, following a thirty year effort to acquire foreign technology however possible, launched its first satellite in 2009. More...

Associated Spacecraft
  • Omid Iranian technology satellite. 2 launches, 2008.08.16 (Omid) and 2009.02.02. First Iranian-built, Iranian-launched satellite. More...

See also
  • A4 The V-2, known as the A4 to its developers, was the basis for most of the rocketry that exists in the world today. It was ineffective as a weapon of war, but represented a quantum leap in technology. The A1, A2, A3, and A5 were steps in the development of the missile. Later versions - the A6 through A12 - were planned to take the Third Reich to the planets. More...
  • A4 The V-2, known as the A4 to its developers, was the basis for most of the rocketry that exists in the world today. It was ineffective as a weapon of war, but represented a quantum leap in technology. The A1, A2, A3, and A5 were steps in the development of the missile. Later versions - the A6 through A12 - were planned to take the Third Reich to the planets. More...
  • Shahab Iranian derivatives of North Korean Nodong 1 intermediate range ballistic missile, evolved incrementally with Russian assistance into a longer-range missile and the first stage of an orbital launch vehicle. More...
  • Shahab Iranian derivatives of North Korean Nodong 1 intermediate range ballistic missile, evolved incrementally with Russian assistance into a longer-range missile and the first stage of an orbital launch vehicle. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Federation of American Scientists Web Site, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Bermudez, Joseph S, Jr, A History of Ballistic Missile Development in the DPRK, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, CNS Occ. Papers #2, 2000.. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Wire service and TV news reports..

Associated Launch Sites
  • Sriharikota India's primary space launch center, located on the east coast of the peninsula with a firing sector over the Bay of Bengal. In use from 1971 to present. More...
  • Emamshahr Iranian military testing range. In use for flight test of the Shahab 3 IRBM from 1998. More...

Associated Stages
  • Shahab 3 Nitric acid/UDMH rocket stage. 255.00 kN (57,326 lbf) thrust. Mass 15,100 kg (33,290 lb). More...

Shahab 3 Chronology


1998 July 22 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1998 August - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Iranian satellite launcher mockup exhibited - . Nation: Iran. Summary: Iranian television showed what appeared to be a mock-up of a clam-shell nosecone with a small satellite inside and a model of a space launch vehicle with a bulbous payload section, apparently based upon the Shahab 3 joint North Korean/Iranian IRBM..

2000 July 15 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2000 September 21 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. LV Configuration: Shahab-3D.
  • - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2000 September 21 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. LV Configuration: Shahab-3D. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2002 May 5 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2002 July 4 - . Launch Site: Shahroud. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2003 June 1 - . Launch Site: Emamshahr. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
2003 July 7 - . Launch Site: Shahroud. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2004 August 11 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: Missile demonstration flight. Stretched Shahab-3 launched into Dasht-E-Kavir desert..

2004 October 20 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: Missile demonstration flight. Stretched Shahab-3 launched into Dasht-E-Kavir desert..

2006 May 22 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab 3D test - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 November 2 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Iranian multiple missile firings - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). The Iranians fired at least one Shahab-3 and "dozens of" Shahab-2, Zolfaghar-73, Scud B, Fath-110 and Zelzal missiles in a mass firing demonstration to kick off their Great Prophet 2 military exercise. It marked the first firing of the Shahab 3 by troops on exercise as opposed to a test flight. The Shahab 2 was reported to have demonstrated a 1,400-bomblet cluster bomb warhead.

2006 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. LV Configuration: Shahab 3 Sounding rocket.
  • - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2008 July 8 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Shahroud. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. LV Configuration: Shahab 3 Ghadr 1.
  • - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

2009 September 27 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab RV - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Iran. Summary: Operational test.

2009 September 27 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab RV - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Iran. Summary: Operational test.

2009 September 28 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab RV - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Iran. Summary: Operational test.

2010 August 20 - . LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. LV Configuration: Qiam-1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Test mission..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. LV Configuration: Ghadr.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Summary: Operational test..

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