Encyclopedia Astronautica

Friedrich Schmiedl used powder rockets to make regular rocket mail service between two Austrian towns from 1931 to 1933.

Start of official rocket-mail service between two Austrian towns by Friedrich Schmiedl; test flights began in February 1931, while rocket-mail service continued until March 16, 1933.

Status: Cancelled 1933.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
  • German Civilian Rocketry A German rocket craze seized the country from 1928 to 1933, inspiring a generation of young engineers and scientists that manned spaceflight could be a reality in their lifetime. The Nazi government put an end to this civilian effort, instead putting the engineers to work developing military rockets. After the war, an attempt was made to revive German civilian rocketry, but safety fears resulted in all further work being shut down in 1964. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Emme, Eugene M, Aeronautics and Astronautics: An American Chronology of Science and Technology in the Exploration of Space 1915-1960, NASA, 1961. Web Address when accessed: here.

Schmiedl Chronology

June 1928 - . Launch Vehicle: Schmiedl.
  • Schmiedl attempts launch of balloon-lofted rockets. - . Nation: Austria. Related Persons: Schmiedl. Summary: The first attempted launch of instrumented rockets from stratospheric balloons. These V1 and V2 rockets failed to ignite but Schmiedl's work anticipated the Van Allen Rockoon concept by twenty years..

1931 February 2 - . Launch Vehicle: Schmiedl.
  • First rocket-mail. - . Nation: Austria. Related Persons: Schmiedl. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Schmiedl launches his V7 post rocket with 100 letters aboard from Schoeckel bei Graz to Sankt Radegund, a distance of two kilometres. The 880 cm long rocket descended as planned by parachute ..

1931 September 9 - . Launch Vehicle: Schmiedl.
  • First rocket-mail service. - . Nation: Austria. Related Persons: Schmiedl. Apogee: 2.50 km (1.50 mi). Summary: Schmiedl's Post Rocket R1, with 333 letters aboard, is launched 5 km from the top of the Hochtroetsch to the town of Semriach. A month later the first return service rocket is launched at night from Semriach to Hochtroetsch..

1933 March 16 - . Launch Vehicle: Schmiedl.
  • Final Schmiedl rocket mail service. - . Nation: Austria. Related Persons: Schmiedl. Apogee: 2.50 km (1.50 mi). Summary: Schmiedl conducts his final rocket mail 'service' with 379 letters aboard his S1 two-stage rocket over a distance of 5 km at Graz between Sankt Martin and Grazer Feld..

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