Encyclopedia Astronautica
S-300V



vs300v.jpg
S-300V
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian surface-to-air missile. Mobile, multiple-target, universal integrated surface-to-air missile. The S-300V system can fire either of two versions of the containerised missiles loaded: long range and medium range. These missiles are given different NATO designations. However any mix of the two missiles can be loaded as needed in the vertical launcher cells.

At the end of the 1960's General Designer V P Efremov at Antey began development of the mobile, multiple-target, universal integrated surface-to-air missile system S-300V. This was to be capable of hitting aircraft of whatever type as well as the re-entry vehicles of tactical ballistic missiles. Following protracted development the system was accepted by the Soviet surface forces in 1985. The system used the 9A83-1 universal mobile self-propelled launcher chassis, developed by N S Popov at KB-3 of the Kirov Factory. This was a highly mobile self-contained vehicle, with its own electrical generators, living quarters, and radio communications. Two missiles were developed by EMKB Novator for launch by the system. The 9M82 had a mass of 4.6 tonnes and could reach 2400 m/s, while the 9M83 weighed 2.5 tonnes and could reach 1700 m/s. Both were two stage vehicles, with inertial guidance systems and semi-active radar homing systems for terminal homing. The system could track 24 targets simultaneously.

Vehicles:

  • 9S457 mobile command post (9S457M for S-300VM)
  • 9A83 TELAR with 4 missile tubes (9A83M for S-300VM)
  • 9A85 transloader with 4 missile tubes
  • Radars mounted on individual Type 80 tank chassis

Radars: 9S15MT Obzor-3 Bill Board A target acquisition radar, F band, range 250 km. 9S19 Imbir High Screen target acquisition radar, band, range 175 km. 9S32 Grill Pan target tracking radar, range 175 km.

Standard warhead: 150 kg (330 lb). Maximum range: 75 km (46 mi). Minimum range: 6.00 km (3.70 mi). Initial Operational Capability: 1985. Floor: 250 m (820 ft).

AKA: SA-12; S-300V.
Status: Active.
Payload: 150 kg (330 lb).
Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
  • S-300V Mobile, multiple-target, universal integrated surface-to-air missile. The S-300V system can fire either of two versions of the containerised missiles loaded: long range and medium range. These missiles are given different NATO designations. However any mix of the two missiles can be loaded as needed in the vertical launcher cells. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Efremov Russian manufacturer of rockets. Efremov Design Bureau, Russia. More...
  • Lyulev Russian manufacturer of rockets. Lyulev Design Bureau, Ekaterinburg, Russia. More...

Bibliography
  • Parsch, Andreas, DesignationSystems.Net, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Yeftifyev, M D, Iz istorii sozdaniya zenito-raketnovo shchita rossii, Vuzovskaya kniga, Moscow, 2000. Web Address when accessed: here.

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