Encyclopedia Astronautica

Russian surface-to-air missile. Version of the S-300 system for export using the advanced 48N6E2 missile, capable of shooting down tactical ballistic missiles.

In 1995 MKB Fakel developed a new 48N6E2 missile for the S-300PMU system, the Favorit. This had a capability against medium range ballistic missiles, incorporating lessons learened from Scud attacks on Israel and Saudi Arabia during the 1991 Gulf War. In that war the surface-to-air missiles would successfully intercept the incoming rockets but the incoming warheads would still get through. Favorit was tested against a series of Scud launches at Kapustin Yar and succeeded in destroying every warhead. As with other modern Russian surface-to-air missiles, the Favorit is launched verticallly, and only in the air after clearing the launcher does it pitch over in the direction of the target. This technique proved of great interest to other surface-to-air missile developers, notably France.

The S-300PMU-2 Favorit modification of the system was first shown in August 1997 at the MAKS-97 air show in Moscow.

Radars: 96L6 target acquisition radar, L band, range 300 km. 64N6E2 Big Bird target acquisition radar, C band, range 300 km. 30N6E2 Tomb Stone target tracking radar, I/J band, range 300 km.


  • 54K6 command vehicle
  • 5P85T/5P85TE trailer (towed by KRAZ-260 truck) with 4 missile tubes
  • 5P85SU/5P85SE TEL with 4 missile tubes and command post
  • 5P85DU/5P85DE TEL with 4 missile tubes
  • 1T12-2M site survey vehicle
  • 5T58 missile transport vehicle
  • 22T6 loading vehicle
  • TOMB STONE mounted on MAZ-543M heavy truck

Standard warhead: 180 kg (390 lb). Maximum range: 195 km (121 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Minimum range: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Floor: 10 m (32 ft).

AKA: Favorit; S-300PMU-2; 48N6E2.
Gross mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb).
Payload: 180 kg (390 lb).
Height: 6.98 m (22.91 ft).
Diameter: 0.52 m (1.69 ft).
Span: 1.04 m (3.40 ft).
Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
  • S-300 Third generation family of surface-to-air missiles developed in the 1970's based on new principles. The same launch system could use either 5V55 or 48N6 series missiles, of both mid- and long-range types. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Almaz Russian manufacturer of rockets. Almaz Design Bureau, Moscow, Russia. More...
  • Grushin Russian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Fakel Machine Building Design Bureau named for P D Grushin, Khimki, Russia. More...

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