Encyclopedia Astronautica
Rubis



zrubis.jpg
Rubis
Credit: NASA
French orbital launch vehicle. Two-stage test vehicle consisting of 1 x Agate + 1 x P064. It was designed to test the upper stage and payload elements of the Diamant orbital launcher. These included fairing jettison, spin-up, release, and ignition of the P064 final stage. Six launches were used to validate the design and led to the success of the Diamant on its first flight. The last four launches were made on behalf of CNES to validate payloads for the D1 satellite and carry scientific instruments for the Paris Observatory and Max Planck Institute.

Failures: 2. First Fail Date: 1964-10-12. Last Fail Date: 1964-12-18.

Gross mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb).
Height: 9.60 m (31.40 ft).
Diameter: 0.80 m (2.62 ft).
Thrust: 186.00 kN (41,814 lbf).
Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).
First Launch: 1964.06.10.
Last Launch: 1967.07.05.
Number: 10 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Diamant In December 1961 France decided to demonstrate an indigenous satellite-launch capability, using stages in development for its ballistic missile program. Following careful evolutionary development, Diamant was successful on its first attempt in 1965. Improved versions were flown over the next ten years. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • SEREB French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. SEREB, France. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Hammaguira The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967. More...
  • Biscarosse In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island. More...

Associated Stages
  • Diamant-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 703/68 kg. Thrust 29.40 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 211 seconds. More...
  • Rubis Solid rocket stage. 190.00 kN (42,714 lbf) thrust. Mass 2,000 kg (4,409 lb). More...

Rubis Chronology


1964 June 10 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R1.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1964 June 12 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R2.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1964 October 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 December 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R5.
  • A-1 capsule - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1965 June 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R6.
  • A-1 capsule - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1965 June 5 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R7.
  • Rubis 01/D-1 Test/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2,020 km (1,250 mi). Summary: Carried a D-1 satellite test experiment, a magnetosphere sensor, and a Meudon radioastronomy experiment with a 36m dipole observing at 1.8 and 2.4 MHz.

1965 September 30 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R8.
  • Rubis 02 Radio astronomy / particles mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,760 km (1,090 mi).

1966 April 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R9.
  • Rubis 03 / MPE Ba-17 Plasma / ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2,035 km (1,264 mi).

1967 July 5 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R10.
  • Rubis 04 Astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,560 km (960 mi). Summary: Radio-astronomy experiment; measured the MHz range radio background.

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