Encyclopedia Astronautica
RNII Sounding Rocket


Russian sounding rocket. P I Ivanov at RNII (Reaction Scientific Research Institute) developed a four-stage solid rocket capable of reaching 40 km altitude in 1944-1946. Two launches were made, but the project was considered generally unsuccessful and not followed up.

The rocket used the RS-132 solid rocket motor, but with the upper stages having an aluminium case instead of the standard steel case. The payload was designed by FIAN, the Physics Institute of the Academy of Sciences, and measured cosmic rays. The first launch of the vehicle, using all standard steel-cased motors, was made on 19 March 1946. A June 1946 test used the first aluminium cases. However the first stage burned through, putting the missile off course during the second stage burn. The third stage functioned as planned, but due to the flight angle the desired altitude was not reached. At some point during the 130-second flight the instruments were damaged, and no data was obtained.

Failures: 3. Success Rate: 25.00%. First Fail Date: 1946-03-19. Last Fail Date: 1946-06-01. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1946.
Gross mass: 90 kg (198 lb).
Height: 3.60 m (11.80 ft).
Diameter: 0.13 m (0.43 ft).
Span: 0.30 m (0.98 ft).
Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).
First Launch: 1946.03.19.
Last Launch: 1946.06.01.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Ivanov Russian manufacturer of rockets. Ivanov Design Bureau, Russia. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Associated Stages

RNII Sounding Rocket Chronology


1946 March 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: RNII Sounding Rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: FIAN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1946 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: RNII Sounding Rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: FIAN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1946 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: RNII Sounding Rocket.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: FIAN. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1946 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: RNII Sounding Rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: FIAN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

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