Encyclopedia Astronautica
R-5



r5.gif
R-5 missie
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. The R-5 was the first Soviet missile to be armed with a nuclear warhead, the first for which the new southern facility at Dnepropetrovsk took over full design and production responsibility. It was also the end of the road in being the ultimate extrapolation of German V-2 technology. Later missiles of both Yangel and Korolev would use other propellants and engine designs.

The R-5 could deliver a 1425 kg warhead over a range of 1200 km, doubling the performance of the R-2. After reaching a velocity of 3044 m/s at burnout, the missile arced up to a maximum altitude 300 km during a 10.5 minute before impacting in the target area with an accuracy of 6 km in range, 5 km laterally. CEP was 1.4 km. The R-5 was designed primarily for delivery of a radiological weapon. It seems not to have been deployed, in preference to the nuclear-tipped R-5M.

The R-5 originated as Theme N-1 of the R-3 3000 kg / 3000 km range IRBM project. This proved too big a leap, but the R-3A subscale technology demonstrator was authorised in 1949, before being cancelled in turn in October 1951. As a replacement, an 20 October 1951 MOP decree authorised work to start on the R-5 and R-11. Due to the extensive work already done under Theme N-1, the 6 volume R-5 draft project was completed by Yangel and delivered on 30 November 1951. An official decree was issued in 1952 formally authorising development of the rocket with a 1000 km range specified. The original missile was planned to be equipped with a Pilyugin gyroscopic guidance system and to be built in several versions:

  • Single warhead at the missiles nose, 1425 kg (710 kg active material) warhead over a 1200 km range
  • Nose warhead and two additional 600 kg lateral warheads, 2625 kg total over a 820 km range
  • Nose warhead and four additional 600 kg lateral warheads, 3830 kg total over a 600 km range

These lateral warheads were evidently deigned for dispersal of radiological liquids over a wide area in the impact zone. Such radiological warheads were used on the R-2 and R-5 prior to the availability of nuclear warheads. Similar weapons were discussed at Los Alamos during World War II when it seemed that the atomic bomb would not be ready in time or not work. In this case radioactive waste could be dispersed over a wide area, effectively providing the fallout effects of a nuclear bomb without the blast and fire effects.

The Generator-S radiological warhead for the R-5 was developed in the early 1950's. In order to handle the warhead OKBT Kirov Factory built the shielded manipulator vehicle Objekt 805, which had a total mass of 72 tonnes. Following a demonstration of 20 May 1954 the system was accepted by the military in 1955.

In parallel with warhead development qualification and stand test of the missiles systems were conducted from December 1951 through February 1952. Ten rockets were built in the initial lot, of which two were used for stand tests. Trials of the two test rockets began in 1953 at Filial NII-2 at Zagorsk. A state decree of 13 February 1953 set forth three phases of state trials tests for the missile itself:

  • March - May 1953: During this period the 8 remaining rockets of the first production lot were fired, of which 6 reached the target area. The first launch was on 15 March 1953. The first successful flight was on 2 April 1953. The first full range flight came on 19 April 1953.
  • October to December 1953: During this period there were 7 launches, one of which was unsuccessful. A maximum range of 1185 km was reached.
  • August 1954-February 1955: These were the state acceptance trials for the production missile. 19 launches were made, 10 of which passed the acceptance criteria, 5 did not, and 4 were used for test of the new radio-correction guidance system. This used the R-5R variant of the missile; one of the four tests was unsuccessful.

Following completion of the trials the missile was accepted for military service. It seems very limited numbers or no R-5's at all actually entered service. The R-5M version with nuclear warhead was deployed instead. Special variants of the R-5 were used until well into the 1970's for test of equipment, scientific research. These included the R-5A, R-5B, R-5V, and Vertikal.

The R-5 was generally built of Amr3 aluminium-magnesium alloy. The tail section was initially built of steel, later being changed to D16T aluminium alloy. Spetsmash built the mobile launch system, similar to that for the V-2. It took two hours to prepare an R-5 for launch.

to a: 1200 km range. Failures: 11. Success Rate: 93.96%. First Fail Date: 1953-03-15. Last Fail Date: 1964-09-26. Launch data is: incomplete. Standard warhead: 1,350 kg (2,970 lb). Maximum range: 1,190 km (730 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. CEP: 5.16 km (3.20 mi). Maximum speed: 10,980 kph (6,820 mph). Initial Operational Capability: 1955.

Stage Data - R-5

  • Stage 1. 1 x R-5. Gross Mass: 27,250 kg (60,070 lb). Empty Mass: 3,250 kg (7,160 lb). Thrust (vac): 479.221 kN (107,733 lbf). Isp: 244 sec. Burn time: 112 sec. Isp(sl): 219 sec. Diameter: 1.65 m (5.42 ft). Span: 2.64 m (8.66 ft). Length: 20.75 m (68.07 ft). Propellants: Lox/Alcohol. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-103M. Other designations: 8A62. Status: Out of Production.

AKA: Pobeda; R-5; SS-3 Mod 1; 8K62; Shyster; 8A62; T-1.
Status: Retired 1983.
Gross mass: 28,625 kg (63,107 lb).
Payload: 1,350 kg (2,970 lb).
Height: 21.34 m (70.01 ft).
Diameter: 1.65 m (5.42 ft).
Span: 1.68 m (5.51 ft).
Thrust: 430.10 kN (96,690 lbf).
Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
First Launch: 1953.03.15.
Last Launch: 1966.10.13.
Number: 70 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Suborbital Cabin Russian manned spacecraft. Study 1956. In 1956 Korolev laid out an outline plan 'Fast Solutions for the Conquest of Space'. Phase I and II of the plan involved experimental manned sub-orbital flights aboard an R-5A single-stage IRBM. More...

Associated Engines
  • RD-103M Glushko Lox/Alcohol rocket engine. 500.1 kN. R-5M 8K51. Isp=248s. First flight 1953. More...

See also
  • Early Russian Ballistic Missiles The true configuration of the world's first ICBM, the R-7, was revealed only in 1967, ten years after its first test. The Soviet N1 moon rocket was only revealed in 1990, 21 years after its first launch. At the same time, other Russian ballistic missiles were routinely paraded before the cameras of the world press even before they went into service. The extraordinary sensitivity of the Soviet leadership over these Korolev designs may be traced to the fact that they derived from the work of the Groettrup German rocket engineering team. More...
  • R-5 The R-5 was the first Soviet missile to be armed with a nuclear warhead, and the first for which the new southern facility at Dnepropetrovsk took over full design and production responsibility. The R-5 could deliver a 1425 kg warhead over a range of 1200 km, doubling the performance of the R-2. It was also the end of the road in being the ultimate extrapolation of German V-2 technology. Later missiles of both Yangel and Korolev would use other propellants and engine designs. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Semenov, Yu. P., S P Korolev Space Corporation Energia, RKK Energia, 1994.
  • Siddiqi, Asif A, The Soviet Space Race With Apollo, University Press of Florida, 2003.
  • Pervov, Mikhail, Raketnoye Oruzhiye RVSN, Violanta, Moscow, 1999..
  • Karpenko, A V, Utkin, A F and Popov,A D, Otechestvenniye strategischeskiye raketnoye kompleks, Sankt-Peterburg: Nevskii bastion; Gangut 1999..
  • Khrushchev, Sergei, Nikita Khrushchev and the Creation of a Superpower, Pennsylvania State University, 2000.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
  • Chelkar Tactical missile site, known to have been used for 32 launches from 1958 to 1962, reaching up to 500 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kapustin Yar V-2 V-2, RT-15, R-5, R-2, R-17, R-11, R-1, Pioner, MR-12, M-100, Kosmos 3, Kosmos 2, RT-1, R-13, MMR-06, MERA launch complex. V-2 Launch Area More...

Associated Stages
  • R-5 Lox/Alcohol propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 27,250/3,250 kg. Thrust 479.22 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 244 seconds. More...

R-5 Chronology


1949 December 7 - . LV Family: R-11; R-7. Launch Vehicle: Buran; Burya; G-4; R-3; R-3A; R-5.
  • Groettrup G-4 IRBM evaluated against Korolev's R-3. R-3 project reformulated - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Navaho. The NTS (Scientific-Technical Soviet) of NII-88 met in plenary session and subjected Korolev's proposal to withering criticism. The G-4 was found to be superior. After heated discussion, the Soviet approved further development of technology for the R-3, but not the missile itself. The decisions were: an R-3A technology demonstrator would be built and flown under Project N-1 (probably to prove G-4 concepts). Under Project N-2 both the RD-110 and D-2 engines would proceed into development test in order to prove Lox/Kerosene propellant technology. Packet rocket and lightweight structure research for use in an ICBM would continue under project N-3 / T-1. Winged intercontinental cruise missile studies would continue under project N-3 / T-2. Neither the G-4 or R-3 ended up in production, but the design concepts of the G-4 led directly to Korolev's R-7 ICBM (essentially a cluster of G-4's or R-3A's) and the N1 superbooster. Work on the G-4 continued through 1952.

1952 During the Year - . LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • R-5 IRBM qualification and stand test begun - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Stand test of the missiles systems were conducted through February 1952. Ten rockets were built in the initial lot, of which two were used for stand tests. Trials of the two test rockets began in 1953 at Filial NII-2 at Zagorsk..

1953 March 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Phase I state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Unsuccessful. First Phase I trials launch of the 8 remaining rockets of the first production lot were fired, of which 6 reached the target area. The first launch was on 15 March 1953. The first successful flight was on 2 April 1953. The first full range flight came on 19 April 1953.

1953 March 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Phase I state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1953 April 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase I state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Summary: Of the 8 rockets of the first production lot fired, 6 reached the target area..

1953 April 2 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase I state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1953 April 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Phase I state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1953 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase I state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Summary: Range achieved 270 km. First test launch of R-5..

1953 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase I state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1953 May 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase I state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Summary: Completion of first series of 8 R-5 flight tests. 2 achieved 270 km range, 5, 1200 km range, and one, 550 km range..

1953 October 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • State trials Phase 2 launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Summary: Through December 1953 there were 7 Phase II launches, one of which was unsuccessful. A maximum range of 1185 km was reached..

1953 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 2 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1953 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 2 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1953 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 2 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1953 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 2 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1953 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 2 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1953 December 9 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 2 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 May 20 - . LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • R-5 radiological warhead handling system demonstrated - . Nation: USSR. The Generator-S radiological warhead for the R-5 was developed in the early 1950's. In order to handle the warhead OKBT Kirov Factory built the shielded manipulator vehicle Objekt 805, which had a total mass of 72 tonnes. Following the demonstration the system was accepted by the military in 1955.

1954 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Through February 1955 the state acceptance trials for the production missile were conducted. 19 launches were made, 10 of which passed the acceptance criteria, 5 did not, and 4 were used for test of the new radio-correction guidance system. This used the R-5R variant of the missile; one of those four tests was unsuccessful.

1954 August 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1955 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • State trials Phase III launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1955 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • State trials Phase III launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Summary: The second phase in August-November 1955 consisted of 10 successful launches at ranges of 1083 to 1190 km. This cleared the way for a final test series leading to the first rocket-delivered test of a Soviet atomic bomb..

1955 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • State trials Phase III launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1955 January 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 K3-17.
  • ZI - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1955 January 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 K3-18.
  • ZI - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1955 January 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 K3-19.
  • ZI - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1955 January 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 K3-20.
  • ZI - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1955 February 7 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 November 5 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 8 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 10 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 17 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 22 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 23 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 24 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 31 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1961 January 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1961 January 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1961 February 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1961 February 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1961 March 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1961 July 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 July 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 August 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 August 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 August 17 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 August 17 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 August 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 August 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 August 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 October 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 October 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 October 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 October 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 October 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 UNK.
  • D04B - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 November 15 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1963 July 6 - . 00:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1966 October 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Yantar'-1 Technology / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

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