Encyclopedia Astronautica
R-14



r14kos3m.jpg
R-14/Kosmos 3M
r14ukr2.jpg
R-14
Credit: Ukrainian Space Agency
r14ukr1.jpg
R-14
Credit: Ukrainian Space Agency
Ukrainian intermediate range ballistic missile. The R-14, with a range of 3600 km, was the only missile of that range class to be fielded. A key element in the Cuba missile crisis, it thereafter was part of the nuclear deterrent targeted at NATO and China. Built in relatively limited numbers by Soviet standards, it was perhaps more important as the basis for the first stage of the R-16 ICBM and the Kosmos-3 launch vehicle. The latter continued in use into the 21st Century.

A government decree of 2 July 1958 directed development of a new IRBM with 4000 km range, with trials to begin in April 1960. This would become possible due to 15 years of research by Glushko on use of UDMH as a fuel. This research indicated that UDMH would provide 6 to 8 seconds better specific impulse than kerosene-based fuels. Production processes were developed at the Leningrad State Institute of Applied Chemistry (GIPKh) with production of factory quantitities set for the early 1960's.

The draft project was completed in December 1958. First tests of the new rocket engine began at Zagorsk on 28 March 1960. Flight trials of the complete missile and its 8S224 launch complex from Kapustin Yar began on 6 June 1960 and were completed on 15 February 1961. These included tests with a variety of warheads with the impact zone being near Bratsk. Barmin at Spetsmash designed the truck launcher. Production of the missile was done at both Factory 586 in Dnepropetrovsk and Factory 1001 in Krasnoyarsk. The RD-216 engine was built only at Factory 586. In 1962 design responsibility for future versions and the complete drawing package was handed over to Reshetnev at Krasnoyarsk KB-10 (later NPO Applied Mechanics). He further subcontracted it to PO Polyot in Omsk, where the Chief Constructor was A S Klinyshkov. Production of later versions was therefore accomplished at Aviation Factory 166 in Omsk.

The system was accepted by the military on 24 April 1961 and the first division with 4 launchers entered service on 31 December of the same year. The first regiment was organised a day later, and by the end of 1962 two regiments were fully operational in the Ukraine and Latvia. An R-14 regiment consisted of two divisions, with eight launchers total. The long-range missiles were targeted on Thor and Jupiter missile launchers and Polaris bases in Turkey, Italy, Spain, and Britain. The missile had a guaranteed storage life of 30 days in fuelled condition, and a reaction time of two hours from a launch go-ahead.

From 5 to 8 September 1962 seven R-14's were launched with live nuclear warheads from Yasnaya near Chita to Novaya Zemlya in Operation Tyulin. In parallel with this the new rocket was being secretly deployed to Cuba. Two regiments with 16 R-14 launchers joined 3 regiments of R-12's on the island. The missiles were returned to the Soviet Union in the agreement reached to end the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962.

A missile forces veteran remembers that the R-12 and R-14 were deployed primarily on surface launch pads. By the 1970's one mobile regiment consisted of 3 control units and 4 to 5 launchers. While he was in service he visited at least 15 launch sites: Sovietsk, Gvardeisk, and Znamensk in the Kaliningrad enclave; Taurage and Ukmerge in Lithuania, Elgava and Dobele in Latvia, and Postavy and Lida in Belorussia. His own regiment in Priekule, Latvia had 6 silo-based R-14's and 3 R-14 on surface pads. While both the R-12 and R-14 used AK-27I oxidizer, the R-12 fuel was called Samin, and the one used in R-14 Heptyl. Both missiles used the same SP6 surface launch pad complex. According to the veteran, his regiment was the last which was armed with the missile, which was withdrawn from service in the middle of 1984. Offical histories indicate that the last R-14 IRBM was withdrawn from service in 1987.

A variant of the missile with experimental STK 'grid' stabilisers designed by NII-888 was test launched in 1962-1963. The modification allowed launches at up to 45 degrees from the vertical, but was not adopted for any production version. Other derivatives of the missile included the Vertikal-4 sounding rocket and a number of space launch vehicle variants (8K65S, 8K65SM, Kosmos-3 11K65, Kosmos-3M 11K65M). The R-14 also had many similarities to the first stage of the R-16 ICBM, which was developed concurrently. Reshetnev also developed the K65M-P version for reentry vehicle tests, and the K65M-R version for launches from the experimental launch complex 11P865M, developed by KBTM Moscow for LC-107 at Kapustin Yar.

Failures: 7. Success Rate: 91.36%. First Fail Date: 1961-10-23. Last Fail Date: 1964-03-13. Standard warhead: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Maximum range: 3,700 km (2,200 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Warhead yield: 1,000 KT. CEP: 1.13 km (0.70 mi). Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket, IRFNA/UDMH. Initial Operational Capability: 1960.

AKA: SS-5 Mod 1; 8K65; Skean.
Status: Retired 1965.
Gross mass: 86,300 kg (190,200 lb).
Payload: 680 kg (1,490 lb).
Height: 24.39 m (80.01 ft).
Diameter: 2.44 m (8.00 ft).
Span: 2.74 m (8.98 ft).
Thrust: 1,480.00 kN (332,710 lbf).
Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).
First Launch: 1959.09.30.
Last Launch: 1965.03.22.
Number: 81 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • RD-216 Glushko Nitric acid/UDMH rocket engine. 1728 kN. R-14, Kosmos 11K65 stage 1. Isp=291s. RD-216 was an assembly of 2 RD-215's with 2 combustion chambers and 2 turbines. Two sets of these were in turn used in the first stage of the R-14. First flight 1964. More...

See also
  • Kosmos 3 In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Yuzhnoye Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
  • Kapustin Yar V-2 V-2, RT-15, R-5, R-2, R-17, R-11, R-1, Pioner, MR-12, M-100, Kosmos 3, Kosmos 2, RT-1, R-13, MMR-06, MERA launch complex. V-2 Launch Area More...

Associated Stages
  • Kosmos-1 Nitric acid/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 87,200/5,300 kg. Thrust 1,740.02 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 292 seconds. Launch count 411 orbital and ca. 300 suborbital to end 1994. Failures based on proration of failures to orbit. More...

R-14 Chronology


1959 September 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC84. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • First flight of R-14 missile. - . Nation: USSR.

1960 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • LKI No. 2 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 June 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials test launch 1 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 December 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 December 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • LKI No 44? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 February 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 February 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 February 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 April 24 - . LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • R-14 missile accepted into military service. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On adoption of the R-14 missile into armaments' was issued..

1961 June 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 October 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 October 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 October 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 November 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 November 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 December 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 December 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1961 December 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 December 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 January 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 January 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 January 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 April 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 June 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 June 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 June 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 August 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 December 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 February 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 March 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 April 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 April 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 June 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 June 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 August 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 November 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 December 9 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 December 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 February 2 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 March 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 March 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 June 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 September 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1964 December 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1965 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1965 January 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1965 January 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1965 March 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

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