Encyclopedia Astronautica
R-13



r13.jpg
R-13
Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Developed from 1956-1960. First nuclear-armed SLBM.

Success Rate: 100.00%. Launch data is: incomplete. Standard warhead: 910 kg (2,000 lb). Maximum range: 1,500 km (900 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Warhead yield: 1,000 KT. CEP: 3.23 km (2.00 mi). Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket. Initial Operational Capability: 1958.

AKA: SS-N-4; 4K50; Sark; D-2.
Status: Cancelled 1969.
Gross mass: 30,800 kg (67,900 lb).
Payload: 910 kg (2,000 lb).
Height: 13.41 m (43.99 ft).
Diameter: 1.52 m (4.98 ft).
Span: 1.83 m (6.00 ft).
Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).
First Launch: 1959.06.01.
Last Launch: 1965.05.31.
Number: 13 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • S2.713 Isayev Nitric acid/Amine rocket engine. 252.2 kN. R-13 (SS-N-4). Out of Production. First engine to employ gas generator on main propellants. One main and four vernier thrusters. (Mixture derived ratio from tank content.) More...

See also
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Makeyev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Makeyev Design Bureau, Kolomna, Russia. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
  • Sea-launched Sounding rocket launched from a naval vessel at an undocumented location. 2001 launches from 1956 to 2008, reaching up to 35,820 kilometers altitude, fall into this category. More...
  • Kola Peninsula Launch Area Submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area known to have been used for 3 launches in 1961, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Barents Sea Launch Area Submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area known to have been used for 119 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kapustin Yar V-2 V-2, RT-15, R-5, R-2, R-17, R-11, R-1, Pioner, MR-12, M-100, Kosmos 3, Kosmos 2, RT-1, R-13, MMR-06, MERA launch complex. V-2 Launch Area More...

Associated Stages
  • R-13 Nitric acid/Amine propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 13,700 kg. More...

R-13 Chronology


1959 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1959 November 1 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: ZULUV. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 March 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 August 1 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: ZULUV. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 September 14 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kola Peninsula Launch Area. Launch Pad: 70.0 N x 40.0 E. Launch Platform: ZULUV?. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • Nuclear test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 September 16 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kola Peninsula Launch Area. Launch Pad: 70.0 N x 40.0 E. Launch Platform: ZULUV?. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • Nuclear test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 October 19 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Vehicle: R-13. LV Configuration: R-13 Nuclear Test Demo.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 October 20 - . Launch Site: Kola Peninsula Launch Area. Launch Pad: 70.0 N x 40.0 E. Launch Platform: ZULUV?. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • Nuclear test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 May 19 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-170. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 May 24 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-162. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 May 25 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: GOLF. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 May 26 - . 13:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-170. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 May 31 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: GOLF. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

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