Encyclopedia Astronautica

Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian intercontinental cruise missile. Family of sea- or silo- launched Mach 3.5 cruise missiles with ranges up to intercontinental distances.

The P-100 was Beriev's entry in the long-range cruise missile competition at the beginning of the 1960's. Work on the draft project began in 1961. The concept was a single ramjet-powered missile that could be adapted for launch from fixed silos, aircraft, surface ships, and submarines. The project had a scheduled completion of 1965 but was cancelled at the study stage.

Variants considered included:

  • Attack version for launch by the specially designed UDD (long range strike boat) design of TsKB-17 or hardened (40 kgf/sq cm) silos. 14 tonne mass, with launch by 4 solid motors, each 8 m long x 0.8 to 1.0 m in diameter. Range 150 to 2000 km, cruise at 25 to 30 km altitude at 3500-4000 km/hr. Length 11.4 m, diameter 1.24 m, wingspan 2.3 m.
  • Reconnaisance version for launch from UDD strike boat or hardened silos. 20 tonne mass, with launch by 4 solid motors. Range 2500 km, cruise at 25 to 30 km altitude at 3500-4000 km/hr. Length 12.0 m, diameter 1.3 m, wingspan 3.4 m.
  • Silo-launched intercontinental cruise missile variant. This would use a huge booster stage, similar to the German A9/A10 concept. The thermonuclear warhead would be delivered using inertial/stellar guidance by NII-17 GKRE. and the missile would achieve 6000 km range, cruising at 25 to 50 km at 3500-4000 km/hr. The booster would have been 20 m long, 2.5 m in diameter, with a total mass of 40 tonnes. The cruise stage would have been a 20 tonne version of the basic missile.

Maximum range: 6,000 km (3,700 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket. Maximum speed: 4,000 kph (2,400 mph).

Status: Cancelled 1961.
Gross mass: 60,000 kg (132,000 lb).
Height: 32.00 m (104.00 ft).
Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft).
Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft).
Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
  • Soviet Strategic Cruise Missiles As in America, in the 1946 assessments of German military technology, the technical problems of the intercontinental ballistic missile seemed far less than a high-speed cruise missile for the same mission. The Soviet Union developed several such missiles, counterparts to the American Navaho. As in America, it turned out that the ICBM was ready before the cruise missiles were - the navigation and propulsion issues of Mach 3 intercontinental flight were much more difficult than those for Mach 22 ballistic flight. As in America, the projects were cancelled, although they contributed greatly to the national technological base. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Beriev Russian manufacturer of rockets. Beriev Design Bureau, Russia. More...

  • Pervov, Mikhail, Raketnoye Oruzhiye RVSN, Violanta, Moscow, 1999..
  • Karpenko, A V, Utkin, A F and Popov,A D, Otechestvenniye strategischeskiye raketnoye kompleks, Sankt-Peterburg: Nevskii bastion; Gangut 1999..

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