Encyclopedia Astronautica
Orel V2


Russian winged orbital launch vehicle. This preferred near-term configuration was a semi-reusable vertical takeoff/horizontal landing two stage launch vehicle. It would use a flyback booster, expendable second stage, and a small manned spaceplane. This was preferred to the Orel V3, which was essentially the earlier MMKS/OK-M1 system with a flyback booster, expendable core tank, and small spaceplane with recoverable main engines.

LEO Payload: 10,900 kg (24,000 lb) to a 200 km orbit at 51.00 degrees.

Status: Study 1997.
Gross mass: 550,000 kg (1,210,000 lb).
Payload: 10,900 kg (24,000 lb).
Height: 83.00 m (272.00 ft).
Diameter: 22.83 m (74.90 ft).
Thrust: 8,090.00 kN (1,818,700 lbf).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Orel In the late 1990's the Russian space industry undertook the Orel programme to evaluate technology for future launch vehicles. The goals included evaluation of possible concepts for a future Russian launcher, reusable launch vehicle key technology research and analysis of "X-vehicle" flight demonstrators for technology validation. More...
  • Winged In the beginning, nobody (except Jules Verne) thought anybody would be travelling to space and back in ballistic cannon balls. The only proper way for a space voyager to return to earth was at the controls of a real winged airplane. More...

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