Encyclopedia Astronautica
Nova MM 34



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Nova Model 34
Nova Martin Marietta Model 34
Credit: © Mark Wade
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Nova 24G, 34, and 33
Nova Martin Marietta designs 24G, 34, and 33
Credit: Lockheed Martin
American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. Nova 1 1/2 stage design with 4 new 3 million kgf LH2/Lox engines in the jettisonable booster section and a single 3 million kgf sustainer. Operational date would have been June 1976.

LEO Payload: 531,000 kg (1,170,000 lb) to a 185 km orbit.

Stage Data - Nova MM 34

  • Stage 0. 1 x Nova MM 34-0. Gross Mass: 227,000 kg (500,000 lb). Empty Mass: 227,000 kg (500,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 122,749.000 kN (27,595,072 lbf). Isp: 439 sec. Burn time: 190 sec. Isp(sl): 382 sec. Diameter: 27.40 m (89.80 ft). Span: 33.00 m (108.00 ft). Length: 18.20 m (59.70 ft). Propellants: Lox/LH2. No Engines: 1. Engine: L6H. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Operational date would have been June 1976. Booster stage (engines only).
  • Stage 1. 1 x Nova MM 34-1. Gross Mass: 10,126,000 kg (22,324,000 lb). Empty Mass: 544,000 kg (1,199,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 30,685.000 kN (6,898,262 lbf). Isp: 439 sec. Burn time: 388 sec. Isp(sl): 382 sec. Diameter: 24.40 m (80.00 ft). Span: 24.40 m (80.00 ft). Length: 84.80 m (278.20 ft). Propellants: Lox/LH2. No Engines: 4. Engine: L6H. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Operational date would have been June 1976. Sustainer stage (required 4-engine booster stage).

Status: Study 1963.
Gross mass: 10,990,200 kg (24,229,200 lb).
Payload: 531,000 kg (1,170,000 lb).
Height: 102.00 m (334.00 ft).
Diameter: 24.40 m (80.00 ft).
Thrust: 133,512.70 kN (30,014,849 lbf).
Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • L6H Notional lox/lh2 rocket engine. 122,748 kN. Study 1963. Operational date would have been June 1976. Used in booster stage (engines only). Isp=439s. Used on Nova MM 34 launch vehicle. More...

See also
  • Nova Nova was NASA's ultimate launch vehicle, studied intently from 1959 to 1962. Originally conceived to allow a direct manned landing on the moon, in its final iteration it was to put a million-pound payload into low earth orbit to support manned Mars expeditions. It was abandoned in NASA advanced mission planning thereafter in favor of growth versions of the Saturn V. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Martin American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Martin Marietta Astronautics Group (1956), Denver, CO, USA. More...

Associated Stages
  • Nova MM 34-0 Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 227,000/227,000 kg. Thrust 122,749.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 439 seconds. Operational date would have been June 1976. Booster stage (engines only). More...
  • Nova MM 34-1 Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 10,126,000/544,000 kg. Thrust 30,685.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 439 seconds. Operational date would have been June 1976. Sustainer stage (required 4-engine booster stage). More...

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