Encyclopedia Astronautica
Nova MM 1C



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Nova Model 1C
Nova Martin Marietta Model 1C
Credit: © Mark Wade
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Nova Martin
Nova Martin Marietta designs 1C and 14
Credit: Lockheed Martin
American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. Nova design using existing engines; 18 F-1A in the first stage, 3 M-1 in the second. Operational date would have been February 1973

LEO Payload: 444,000 kg (978,000 lb) to a 185 km orbit.

Stage Data - Nova MM 1C

  • Stage 1. 1 x Nova MM 1C-1. Gross Mass: 8,943,000 kg (19,715,000 lb). Empty Mass: 590,000 kg (1,300,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 161,710.000 kN (36,353,850 lbf). Isp: 304 sec. Burn time: 151 sec. Isp(sl): 271 sec. Diameter: 21.00 m (68.00 ft). Span: 27.10 m (88.90 ft). Length: 49.70 m (163.00 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 18. Engine: F-1A. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Operational date would have been February 1973.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Nova MM 1C-2. Gross Mass: 2,041,000 kg (4,499,000 lb). Empty Mass: 163,000 kg (359,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 20,015.000 kN (4,499,550 lbf). Isp: 428 sec. Burn time: 387 sec. Diameter: 18.30 m (60.00 ft). Span: 18.30 m (60.00 ft). Length: 49.70 m (163.00 ft). Propellants: Lox/LH2. No Engines: 3. Engine: M-1. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Operational date would have been February 1973.

Status: Study 1963.
Gross mass: 11,516,800 kg (25,390,100 lb).
Payload: 444,000 kg (978,000 lb).
Height: 119.00 m (390.00 ft).
Diameter: 21.00 m (68.00 ft).
Thrust: 144,157.50 kN (32,407,895 lbf).
Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • F-1A Rocketdyne Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. 9189.6 kN. Study 1968. Designed for booster applications. Gas generator, pump-fed. Isp=310s. More...
  • M-1 Aerojet lox/lh2 rocket engine. 5335.9 kN. Study 1961. Isp=428s. Engine developed 1962-1966 for Uprated Saturn and Nova million-pound payload boosters to support manned Mars missions. Reached component test stage before cancellation. More...

See also
  • Nova Nova was NASA's ultimate launch vehicle, studied intently from 1959 to 1962. Originally conceived to allow a direct manned landing on the moon, in its final iteration it was to put a million-pound payload into low earth orbit to support manned Mars expeditions. It was abandoned in NASA advanced mission planning thereafter in favor of growth versions of the Saturn V. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Martin American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Martin Marietta Astronautics Group (1956), Denver, CO, USA. More...

Associated Stages
  • Nova MM 1C-2 Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 2,041,000/163,000 kg. Thrust 20,015.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 428 seconds. Operational date would have been February 1973 More...
  • Nova MM 1C-1 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 8,943,000/590,000 kg. Thrust 161,710.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 304 seconds. Operational date would have been February 1973 More...

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