Encyclopedia Astronautica
Nova MM 1B



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Nova Model 1B
Nova Martin Marietta Model 1B
Credit: © Mark Wade
American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. Nova design using existing engines; 14 F-1A in the first stage, 2 M-1 in the second. Operational date would have been December 1972

LEO Payload: 330,000 kg (720,000 lb) to a 185 km orbit.

Stage Data - Nova MM 1B

  • Stage 1. 1 x Nova MM 1B-1. Gross Mass: 7,430,000 kg (16,380,000 lb). Empty Mass: 454,000 kg (1,000,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 125,770.000 kN (28,274,220 lbf). Isp: 304 sec. Burn time: 162 sec. Isp(sl): 271 sec. Diameter: 20.00 m (65.00 ft). Span: 25.30 m (83.00 ft). Length: 46.60 m (152.80 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 14. Engine: F-1A. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Operational date would have been December 1972.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Nova MM 1B-2. Gross Mass: 1,361,000 kg (3,000,000 lb). Empty Mass: 122,000 kg (268,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 13,346.000 kN (3,000,300 lbf). Isp: 428 sec. Burn time: 383 sec. Diameter: 20.00 m (65.00 ft). Span: 20.00 m (65.00 ft). Length: 45.40 m (148.90 ft). Propellants: Lox/LH2. No Engines: 2. Engine: M-1. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Operational date would have been February 1973.

Status: Study 1963.
Gross mass: 9,187,000 kg (20,253,000 lb).
Payload: 330,000 kg (720,000 lb).
Height: 110.00 m (360.00 ft).
Diameter: 20.00 m (65.00 ft).
Thrust: 112,117.60 kN (25,205,039 lbf).
Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • F-1A Rocketdyne Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. 9189.6 kN. Study 1968. Designed for booster applications. Gas generator, pump-fed. Isp=310s. More...
  • M-1 Aerojet lox/lh2 rocket engine. 5335.9 kN. Study 1961. Isp=428s. Engine developed 1962-1966 for Uprated Saturn and Nova million-pound payload boosters to support manned Mars missions. Reached component test stage before cancellation. More...

See also
  • Nova Nova was NASA's ultimate launch vehicle, studied intently from 1959 to 1962. Originally conceived to allow a direct manned landing on the moon, in its final iteration it was to put a million-pound payload into low earth orbit to support manned Mars expeditions. It was abandoned in NASA advanced mission planning thereafter in favor of growth versions of the Saturn V. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Martin American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Martin Marietta Astronautics Group (1956), Denver, CO, USA. More...

Associated Stages
  • Nova MM 1B-1 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 7,430,000/454,000 kg. Thrust 125,770.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 304 seconds. Operational date would have been December 1972 More...
  • Nova MM 1B-2 Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,361,000/122,000 kg. Thrust 13,346.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 428 seconds. Operational date would have been February 1973 More...

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