Encyclopedia Astronautica
Nova MM T10RR-2



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Nova Model T10RR-2
Nova Martin Marietta Model T10RR-2
Credit: © Mark Wade
American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. Two stage Nova using CD modules; reusable first stage with 24 modules exhausting to a zero length plug nozzle; reusable second stage with a toroidal plug nozzle engine. Operational date would have been December 1976.

LEO Payload: 479,000 kg (1,056,000 lb) to a 185 km orbit.

Stage Data - Nova MM T10RR-2

  • Stage 1. 1 x Nova MM T10RR-2-1. Gross Mass: 9,089,000 kg (20,037,000 lb). Empty Mass: 680,000 kg (1,490,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 176,686.000 kN (39,720,592 lbf). Isp: 304 sec. Burn time: 139 sec. Isp(sl): 271 sec. Diameter: 21.30 m (69.80 ft). Span: 30.10 m (98.70 ft). Length: 43.50 m (142.70 ft). Propellants: Lox/LH2. No Engines: 24. Engine: CD Module. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Operational date would have been December 1976. Recoverable stage.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Nova MM T10RR-2-2. Gross Mass: 2,041,000 kg (4,499,000 lb). Empty Mass: 181,000 kg (399,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 20,015.000 kN (4,499,550 lbf). Isp: 455 sec. Burn time: 408 sec. Diameter: 21.30 m (69.80 ft). Span: 21.30 m (69.80 ft). Length: 24.40 m (80.00 ft). Propellants: Lox/LH2. No Engines: 1. Engine: Toroid FD. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Operational date would have been December 1976. Recoverable stage.

Status: Study 1963.
Gross mass: 11,704,800 kg (25,804,600 lb).
Payload: 479,000 kg (1,056,000 lb).
Height: 81.00 m (265.00 ft).
Diameter: 21.30 m (69.80 ft).
Thrust: 157,506.70 kN (35,408,915 lbf).
Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • CD Module Notional lox/lh2 rocket engine. 7361 kN. Study 1969. Isp=420s. CD Modules - conceptual engines of various thrusts, according to design - were clustered in Martin Marietta Nova designs More...
  • Toroid FD Notional lox/lh2 rocket engine. 20,015 kN. Study 1963. Operational date would have been December 1976. Engines for recoverable stage. Isp=455s. Used on Nova MM T10RR-2 launch vehicle. More...

See also
  • Nova Nova was NASA's ultimate launch vehicle, studied intently from 1959 to 1962. Originally conceived to allow a direct manned landing on the moon, in its final iteration it was to put a million-pound payload into low earth orbit to support manned Mars expeditions. It was abandoned in NASA advanced mission planning thereafter in favor of growth versions of the Saturn V. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Martin American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Martin Marietta Astronautics Group (1956), Denver, CO, USA. More...

Associated Stages
  • Nova MM T10RR-2-1 Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 9,089,000/680,000 kg. Thrust 176,686.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 304 seconds. Operational date would have been December 1976. Recoverable stage. More...
  • Nova MM T10RR-2-2 Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 2,041,000/181,000 kg. Thrust 20,015.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 455 seconds. Operational date would have been December 1976. Recoverable stage. More...

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