Reusable Ten Ton Orb
NASA awarded a "Reusable Ten Ton Orbital Carrier Vehicle" contract worth $342,000 to North American Aviation. The final concept from 1963 was quite similar to Lockheed's System III design. The launch capability was 11,340 kg (25,000 lb) and the standard payload would have consisted of a small lenticular 12-man orbital transfer vehicle spaceplane for space station logistics and crew transfer.
The sled-launched booster rocketplane was 32.9 meters long and would have been powered by a single F-1 + two H-1 kerosene/LOX engines plus turbojets for returning to base. The second stage was mounted on top of the booster. It would have used three liquid oxygen/hydrogen J-2 engines from the Saturn program. This fully reusable system would have had a gross liftoff weight of 548,847 kg.
Status: Design 1963.
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Gross mass: 548,847 kg (1,210,000 lb).
Payload: 11,340 kg (25,000 lb).
Height: 32.90 m (107.90 ft).
Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).
NAA RTTOCV American manned spaceplane. Study 1963. North American Aviation's Reusable Ten Ton Orbital Carrier Vehicle design of 1963 had as a standard payload a lenticular 12-man orbital transfer vehicle spaceplane for space station logistics and crew transfer. More...
Winged In the beginning, nobody (except Jules Verne) thought anybody would be travelling to space and back in ballistic cannon balls. The only proper way for a space voyager to return to earth was at the controls of a real winged airplane. More...
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
North American American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. North American, Palmdale, El Segundo. Downey, CA, USA More...
Jenkins, Dennis R,, Space Shuttle: The History of the National Space Transportation System : The First 100 Missions, Third edition, Voyageur Press, 2001.
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