Encyclopedia Astronautica
N11GR



n11gr2.jpg
N-IIGR - 1962
N-IIGR Multi-Warhead FOBS, 1962
n11gr2.jpg
N-IIGR - 1962
N-IIGR Multi-Warhead FOBS, 1962
Russian orbital missile. This 1962 project was designed by Korolev's OKB as a competitor to Chelomei's UR-500 against the military GR-2 (Global Rocket 2) requirement. The N-11GR was an adaptation of the basic N-11, derived from the second and third stages of the N1 heavy booster. The GR-2 was to be a kind of enormous multiple-warhead FOBS (fractional orbit bombing system). Surrounding the top of the second stage of the rocket, like bullets in an enormous revolver, were six final stages derived from the 8K713 GR-1 last stage. Each stage had a 1,500 kg nuclear warhead.

The stages would separate from the main vehicle, and make violent maneuvers using independent guidance systems to put each warhead in a different low 160 km altitude orbit. At the end of 10,000 to 12,000 km journey along their separate orbital paths, the warheads would appear on US radar screens at the last moment with minimal warning. The total spread of the warheads would be 1800 km from left to right; two such missiles could devastate America's major cities from coast to coast. Chelomei's UR-500 instead was selected for the mission (and in turn never put into operation as a weapon).

Payload: 9,000 kg (19,800 lb) to a 6 x 1500 kg warheads, 160 km orbits, 1800 km apart.

Stage Data - N-11GR

  • Stage 1. 1 x N-11 Block A. Gross Mass: 485,000 kg (1,069,000 lb). Empty Mass: 47,000 kg (103,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 11,960.000 kN (2,688,710 lbf). Isp: 330 sec. Burn time: 117 sec. Isp(sl): 293 sec. Diameter: 6.80 m (22.30 ft). Span: 9.80 m (32.10 ft). Length: 20.00 m (65.00 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 8. Engine: NK-15V. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Derived from N1 Block B, with large number of engines and expansion ratio adjusted for sea level operation. Includes 3500 kg Stage 2-Stage 3 interstage.
  • Stage 2. 1 x N-11 Block B. Gross Mass: 192,000 kg (423,000 lb). Empty Mass: 18,000 kg (39,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 1,560.000 kN (350,700 lbf). Isp: 347 sec. Burn time: 372 sec. Diameter: 4.80 m (15.70 ft). Span: 6.80 m (22.30 ft). Length: 12.00 m (39.00 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 8. Engine: NK-19. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Derived from N1 Block V.
  • Stage 3. 6 x N-11GR - V. Gross Mass: 8,200 kg (18,000 lb). Empty Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Thrust (vac): 88.200 kN (19,828 lbf). Isp: 346 sec. Burn time: 246 sec. Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Span: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Length: 5.00 m (16.40 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: 8D726. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Orbital MIRV stage. Six of these stages clustered around Block B; each stage would have had a 1500 kg nuclear warhead.

AKA: 11A53.
Status: Study 1962.
Gross mass: 753,000 kg (1,660,000 lb).
Payload: 9,000 kg (19,800 lb).
Height: 40.00 m (131.00 ft).
Diameter: 9.80 m (32.10 ft).
Thrust: 10,610.00 kN (2,385,220 lbf).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • 8D726 Korolev Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. 66.7 kN. GR-1 Stage 3, N-11GR - V. Development based on S1.5400. Isp=350s. More...
  • NK-15V Kuznetsov Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. 1648 kN. Development ended 1964. Isp=325s. Developed from the NK-9. 8 engines, featuring high-expansion nozzles, used on N1 Stage 2. First flight 1969. More...
  • NK-19 Kuznetsov Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. N-1 stage 4. Development ended 1964. Based on NK-9 engine. Originally developed for the modernized second stage of the R-9 (abandoned). Also to have been used on GR-1 / 8K713 Stage 2. First flight 1969. More...

See also
  • N1 The N1 launch vehicle, developed by Russia in the 1960's, was to be the Soviet Union's counterpart to the Saturn V. The largest of a family of launch vehicles that were to replace the ICBM-derived launchers then in use, the N series was to launch Soviet cosmonauts to the moon, Mars, and huge space stations into orbit. In comparison to Saturn, the project was started late, starved of funds and priority, and dogged by political and technical struggles between the chief designers Korolev, Glushko, and Chelomei. The end result was four launch failures and cancellation of the project five years after Apollo landed on the moon. Not only did a Soviet cosmonaut never land on the moon, but the Soviet Union even denied that the huge project ever existed. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

Associated Stages
  • N-11GR - V Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 8,200/1,700 kg. Thrust 88.20 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 346 seconds. Orbital MIRV stage. Six of these stages clustered around Block B; each stage would have had a 1500 kg nuclear warhead. More...
  • N-11 Block A Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 485,000/47,000 kg. Thrust 11,960.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 330 seconds. Derived from N1 Block B, with large number of engines and expansion ratio adjusted for sea level operation. Includes 3500 kg Stage 2-Stage 3 interstage. More...
  • N-11 Block B Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 192,000/18,000 kg. Thrust 1,560.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 347 seconds. Derived from N1 Block V. More...

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