Encyclopedia Astronautica
N11



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N2
Credit: © Mark Wade
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N1 Variants
N1 Launch Vehicle Family
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. It was originally planned the N1 would form the basis of a family of launch vehicles that could replace existing ICBM-derived boosters. The N11 would use the second, third, and fourth stages of the N1. This would give it a lift-off mass of 700 tonnes and a 20 tonne payload into low earth orbit. It could replace Chelomei's Proton launch vehicle in the medium-lift role.

LEO Payload: 20,000 kg (44,000 lb) to a 300 km orbit at 51.60 degrees.

Stage Data - N11

  • Stage 1. 1 x N-11 Block A. Gross Mass: 485,000 kg (1,069,000 lb). Empty Mass: 47,000 kg (103,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 11,960.000 kN (2,688,710 lbf). Isp: 330 sec. Burn time: 117 sec. Isp(sl): 293 sec. Diameter: 6.80 m (22.30 ft). Span: 9.80 m (32.10 ft). Length: 20.00 m (65.00 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 8. Engine: NK-15V. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Derived from N1 Block B, with large number of engines and expansion ratio adjusted for sea level operation. Includes 3500 kg Stage 2-Stage 3 interstage.

AKA: 11A53.
Status: Study 1962.
Gross mass: 700,000 kg (1,540,000 lb).
Payload: 20,000 kg (44,000 lb).
Height: 40.00 m (131.00 ft).
Diameter: 9.80 m (32.10 ft).
Thrust: 10,610.00 kN (2,385,220 lbf).
Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • NK-15V Kuznetsov Lox/Kerosene rocket engine. 1648 kN. Development ended 1964. Isp=325s. Developed from the NK-9. 8 engines, featuring high-expansion nozzles, used on N1 Stage 2. First flight 1969. More...

See also
  • N1 The N1 launch vehicle, developed by Russia in the 1960's, was to be the Soviet Union's counterpart to the Saturn V. The largest of a family of launch vehicles that were to replace the ICBM-derived launchers then in use, the N series was to launch Soviet cosmonauts to the moon, Mars, and huge space stations into orbit. In comparison to Saturn, the project was started late, starved of funds and priority, and dogged by political and technical struggles between the chief designers Korolev, Glushko, and Chelomei. The end result was four launch failures and cancellation of the project five years after Apollo landed on the moon. Not only did a Soviet cosmonaut never land on the moon, but the Soviet Union even denied that the huge project ever existed. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

Associated Stages
  • N-11 Block A Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 485,000/47,000 kg. Thrust 11,960.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 330 seconds. Derived from N1 Block B, with large number of engines and expansion ratio adjusted for sea level operation. Includes 3500 kg Stage 2-Stage 3 interstage. More...

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