Encyclopedia Astronautica
M-V



mv1b.jpg
MV-1B
Credit: NASDA
All-solid Japanese satellite launch vehicle.

LEO Payload: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb) to a 200 km orbit at 30.00 degrees. Payload: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb) to a 200 km polar orbit. Failures: 1. Success Rate: 85.71%. First Fail Date: 2000-02-10. Last Fail Date: 2000-02-10. Launch data is: continuing. Development Cost $: 220.000 million. Launch Price $: 60.000 million in 1999 dollars in 1997 dollars.

Stage Data - M-V

  • Stage 1. 1 x M-V-1. Gross Mass: 83,560 kg (184,210 lb). Empty Mass: 12,070 kg (26,600 lb). Thrust (vac): 3,780.345 kN (849,855 lbf). Isp: 276 sec. Burn time: 46 sec. Isp(sl): 246 sec. Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Length: 13.80 m (45.20 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: M14. Status: In production.
  • Stage 2. 1 x M-V-2. Gross Mass: 34,470 kg (75,990 lb). Empty Mass: 3,410 kg (7,510 lb). Thrust (vac): 1,245.287 kN (279,952 lbf). Isp: 288 sec. Burn time: 71 sec. Isp(sl): 203 sec. Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Length: 6.80 m (22.30 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: M24. Other designations: M-24. Status: In production.
  • Stage 3. 1 x M-V-3. Gross Mass: 11,000 kg (24,000 lb). Empty Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Thrust (vac): 294.000 kN (66,093 lbf). Isp: 301 sec. Burn time: 102 sec. Isp(sl): 0.0000 sec. Diameter: 2.20 m (7.20 ft). Span: 2.20 m (7.20 ft). Length: 3.60 m (11.80 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: M34. Other designations: M-34. Status: In production.
  • Stage 4. 1 x M-V-4. Gross Mass: 1,430 kg (3,150 lb). Empty Mass: 118 kg (260 lb). Thrust (vac): 51.900 kN (11,668 lbf). Isp: 298 sec. Burn time: 73 sec. Isp(sl): 0.0000 sec. Diameter: 1.20 m (3.90 ft). Span: 1.20 m (3.90 ft). Length: 1.50 m (4.90 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: M-V-4. Status: In production.

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 137,500 kg (303,100 lb).
Payload: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb).
Height: 30.80 m (101.00 ft).
Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft).
Thrust: 4,200.00 kN (944,100 lbf).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).
First Launch: 1997.02.12.
Last Launch: 2006.09.22.
Number: 7 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Haruka Japanese radio astronomy satellite. One launch, 1997.02.12. The Muses B satellite was renamed 'Haruka', meaning 'Far-away', after launch. It formed the spacesegment of the VLBI Space Observatory Program. More...
  • ASTRO E Japanese x-ray astronomy satellite. 2 launches, 2000.02.10 (ASTRO E) and 2005.07.10 (Suzaku). ASTRO-E was to be fifth in a series of Japanese astronomy satellites devoted to observations of celestial X-ray sources. More...
  • Akari Japanese infrared astronomy satellite. One launch, 2006.02.21, Astro F (Akari). Carried a 0.67m-diameter liquid-helium-cooled infrared telescope with detectors ranging from the near infrared to 60 and 170 micron channels in the far IR. More...
  • Cute Japanese technology satellite. 2 launches, 2006.02.21 (Cute 1.7) and 2008.04.28 (Cute-1.7-APD-II). Student subsatellites. More...
  • Hitsat Japanese technology satellite. One launch, 2006.09.22, SSSat. More...
  • SSSat Japanese technology satellite. One launch, 2006.09.22. Solar sail experiment. More...
  • Hinode Japanese solar satellite. One launch, 2006.09.22. Solar satellite with a large optical telescope and an X-ray telescope built by the Smithsonian Observatory. More...

Associated Engines
  • M-V-4 Nissan solid rocket engine. 52 kN. Isp=298s. Used on M-V launch vehicle. First flight 1997. More...
  • M14 Nissan solid rocket engine. 3780.3 kN. Isp=276s. Used on M-V launch vehicle. First flight 1997. More...
  • M24 Nissan solid rocket engine. 1245.3 kN. Isp=288s. Used on M-V launch vehicle. First flight 1997. More...
  • M34 Nissan solid rocket engine. 294.2 kN. Isp=301s. Used on M-V launch vehicle. First flight 1997. More...

See also
  • M-V All-solid Japanese satellite launch vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Nissan Japanese manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Nissan, Japan. More...

Associated Programs
  • Muses Mu Space Engineering Satellites (launched on Japanes Mu series launch vehicles) pioneered new satellite technologies, including lunar flyby interplanetary injection, aerobraking, and large structure deployment. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Isakowitz, Steven J,, International Reference to Space Launch Systems Second Edition, AIAA, Washington DC, 1991 (succeeded by 2000 edition).
  • Wilson, Andrew, editor,, Jane's/Interavia Space Directory, Jane's Information Group, Coulsdon, Surrey, 1992 et al.
  • National Space Science Center Planetary Page, As of 19 February 1999.. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Isakowitz, Steven J, Hopkins, Joshua B, and Hopkins, Joseph P, International Reference to Space Launch Systems, AIAA, Washington DC, 2004.
  • NASA/GSFC Orbital Information Group Website, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Space-Launcher.com, Orbital Report News Agency. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kagoshima Japanese launch center for solid fueled sounding rockets and satellite launchers. Limited to two months a year due to disturbance of local fisheries. More...

Associated Stages
  • M-V-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 11,000/1,000 kg. Thrust 294.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 301 seconds. More...
  • M-V-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 83,560/12,070 kg. Thrust 3,780.35 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 276 seconds. More...
  • M-V-2 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 34,470/3,410 kg. Thrust 1,245.29 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 288 seconds. More...

M-V Chronology


1997 February 12 - . 04:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V M-V-1.
  • Haruka - . Payload: MUSES B. Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Manufacturer: NEC. Program: Muses. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Haruka. USAF Sat Cat: 24720 . COSPAR: 1997-005A. Apogee: 21,415 km (13,306 mi). Perigee: 569 km (353 mi). Inclination: 31.4000 deg. Period: 379.30 min.

1998 July 3 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V M-V-3.
  • Nozomi - . Mass: 258 kg (568 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Manufacturer: NEC. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft: Nozomi. USAF Sat Cat: 25383 . COSPAR: 1998-041A. Apogee: 489,381 km (304,086 mi). Perigee: 703 km (436 mi). Inclination: 27.3000 deg. Period: 20,910.00 min. Originally known as Planet-B; renamed Nozomi ('Hope') after launch. The third stage and payload entered a 146 x 417 km x 31.1 deg parking orbit. The KM-V1 kick (fourth) stage then fired to place the spacecraft into a circumlunar 359 x 401491 km x 28.6 deg orbit. Nozomi made multiple lunar and Earth gravity assist passes to increase its energy for solar orbit insertion and the cruise to Mars.. The spacecraft used a lunar swingby on 24 September and another on 18 December 1998 to increase the apogee of its orbit. It swung by Earth on 20 December at a perigee of about 1000 km. The gravitational assist from the swingby coupled with a 7 minute burn of the bipropellant engine put Nozomi into an escape trajectory towards Mars. It was scheduled to arrive at Mars on 11 October 1999 at 7:45:14 GMT, but the Earth swingby left the spacecraft with insufficient acceleration and two course correction burns on 21 December used more propellant than planned, leaving the spacecraft short of fuel. The new plan is for Nozomi to remain in heliocentric orbit for an additional four years and encounter Mars at a slower relative velocity in December 2003.

2000 February 10 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V M-V-4. FAILURE: First stage failure. An anomalous vibration was detected 25 seconds after launch. At 41 seconds ceramic heat shields in the first stage nozzle broke and fell off, and thrust vector control on the nozzle was lost.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Astro E - . Mass: 1,680 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Program: Astro. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ASTRO E. COSPAR: F000210A. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Spacecraft was injected in very low perigee orbit and reentered. X-ray astronomy satellite. Stage 1 lost control, and separated with the rocket off-course at 75 seconds in the flight. Stage 2 burned correctly and separated at 218 seconds, followed by the third stage burn at 621 seconds. Last signals were received at 20 minutes after launch. ASTRO-E was to have separated from the third stage at 23 minutes, but ended in an orbit with a perigee of only 80 km and an apogee of 410 km. It probably reentered on the first orbit at around 0230 - 0300 GMT somewhere between East Africa and western China.

2003 May 9 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-5.
  • Hayabusa - . Payload: MUSES-C. Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Asteroids. Type: Asteroid probe. Spacecraft: Hayabusa. Decay Date: 2010-06-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 27809 . COSPAR: 2003-019A. Summary: Asteroid sample return probe launched toward asteroid 1998 SF36. Launch delayed from Nov. 24, 2002, then May 5, 2003..

2005 July 10 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-6.
  • Suzaku - . Payload: Astro E2. Mass: 1,680 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ASTRO E. USAF Sat Cat: 28773 . COSPAR: 2005-025A. Apogee: 573 km (356 mi). Perigee: 562 km (349 mi). Inclination: 31.4000 deg. Period: 96.00 min. Delayed from February, June 26, July 6 and 8, 2005. CUTE-1.7 nanosat mistakenly reported on this flight. Astro-E2 was renamed Suzaku (after a legendary red bird) after launch. It replaced the Astro-E, which never reached orbit due to an M-V-4 launch failure in 2000. The satellite had five 0.4-meter diameter X-ray telescopes, one with an XRS microcalorimeter and the other four with X-ray CCD cameras. However it was revealed that the XRS failed on 9 August due to leaking of helium coolant.

2006 February 21 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-8.
  • Astro F (Akari) - . Mass: 960 kg (2,110 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Program: Astro. Class: Astronomy. Type: Infrared astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Akari. USAF Sat Cat: 28939 . COSPAR: 2006-005A. Apogee: 719 km (446 mi). Perigee: 705 km (438 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: Carried a 0.67m-diameter liquid-helium-cooled infrared telescope with detectors ranging from the near infrared to 60 and 170 micron channels in the far IR. It was to carry out the first far infrared sky survey since IRAS in 1983..
  • Cute 1.7 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Manufacturer: TIT. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cute. Decay Date: 2009-10-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 28941 . COSPAR: 2006-005C. Apogee: 685 km (425 mi). Perigee: 297 km (184 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Summary: Student subsatellite ejected from the M-V-8 third stage at 21:45 GMT..

2006 September 22 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-7.
  • Hinode (Solar B) - . Mass: 870 kg (1,910 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Melco. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Hinode. USAF Sat Cat: 29479 . COSPAR: 2006-041A. Apogee: 695 km (431 mi). Perigee: 674 km (418 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Summary: Solar satellite with a large optical telescope and an X-ray telescope built by the Smithsonian Observatory..
  • Hitsat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Manufacturer: Hokkaido. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Hitsat. Decay Date: 2008-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 29484 . COSPAR: 2006-041F. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 94.00 min.
  • SSSat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SSSat. Decay Date: 2008-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 29484 . COSPAR: 2006-041D. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 94.00 min. Summary: Solar sail experiment..

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use