Encyclopedia Astronautica
LII Spaceplane



lii93b.jpg
LII Spaceplanes
LII Air-launched Spaceplane
Credit: Mark Lindroos
Russian air-launched winged orbital launch vehicle. LII (the Gromov Experimental Flight Institute at Zhukoskiy) designed several alternate spaceplane concepts for air-launch from the An-225 transport. These were similar to the various MAKS concepts.

Status: Design 1993.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • LII Spaceplane Russian manned spaceplane. Study 1993. LII (the Gromov Experimental Flight Institute at Zhukovskiy) designed several alternate spaceplane concepts for air-launch from the An-225 transport. These were similar to the various MAKS concepts. More...

See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • LII Russian agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Flight-Research Institute, Russia. More...

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