Encyclopedia Astronautica

Credit: © Mark Wade
S Korean LVs
South Korean space launch vehicles, including Russian Angara-derived vehicles.
Credit: © Mark Wade
South Korean launch vehicle, originally scheduled for first flight by 2010. Evidently it would have consisted of a Russian Angara first stage and a South Korean liquid-propellant second stage. In August 2006 it was reported in the Korean press that this launcher configuration was cancelled.

The second stage would logically be a repackaged version of the liquid oxygen/kerosene stage tested on the KSR-III in 2002 and originally intended to power the completely-indigenous original version of the KSR-I launch vehicle.

LEO Payload: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) to a 300 km orbit at 38.00 degrees.

Stage Data - KSLV-II

  • Stage 1. 1 x Angara UM. Gross Mass: 140,000 kg (300,000 lb). Empty Mass: 10,000 kg (22,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 2,094.700 kN (470,907 lbf). Isp: 338 sec. Burn time: 300 sec. Isp(sl): 310 sec. Diameter: 2.90 m (9.50 ft). Span: 2.90 m (9.50 ft). Length: 25.00 m (82.00 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-191. Status: Development 2004. Comments: Can be throttled to 95%. Propellant ration 2.6:1, chamber pressure 257 bar.
  • Stage 2. 1 x KSR-3. Gross Mass: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb). Empty Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Thrust (vac): 122.500 kN (27,539 lbf). Isp: 280 sec. Burn time: 95 sec. Isp(sl): 240 sec. Diameter: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Span: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Length: 9.60 m (31.40 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: KSR-3. Status: Hardware 2002. Comments: All values except thrust estimated.

Status: In development.
Gross mass: 144,000 kg (317,000 lb).
Payload: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb).
Height: 35.00 m (114.00 ft).
Diameter: 3.90 m (12.70 ft).
Thrust: 1,910.00 kN (429,380 lbf).
Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
  • Korea South South Korea became familiar with large-scale rocketry through maintenance and modification activities on American-supplied Honest John and Nike Hercules tactical missiles. By the 1990's Korea had developed an independent capability to manufacture solid propellant rocket motors of up to one tonne mass. In 1990 KARI was funded to build the first indigenous sounding rockets, flown as the KSR-I and KSR-II. In December 1997 KARI was allowed to proceed with development of liquid oxygen/kerosene rocket motor for an orbital launcher, but this was abandoned when the South Korean government decided it wanted to be among the top ten spacefaring nations by 2015. The existing program was too limited in growth potential to allow that. Therefore it was decided to leapfrog the technology by contracting with Russian companies. First launch of the KSLV-I launch vehicle from the new space centre took place in 2010. More...

See also
  • KSLV South Korean launch vehicle family. Originally they were to be of completely indigenous design; but in 2005 it was announced that they would use the (in-development, unflown) Russian Angara booster module as the basis. The program, like that of the Angara, was subject to continuous funding shortages and schedule delays. First launch 2009.08.25. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • KARI South Korean agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Korea Aerospace Research Institute, Korea South. More...

Associated Stages
  • Angara UM Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 140,000/10,000 kg. Thrust 2,094.70 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 337.5 seconds. Can be throttled to 95%. Propellant ration 2.6:1, chamber pressure 257 bar. More...
  • KSR-3 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 5,000/700 kg. Thrust 122.50 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 280 seconds. All values except thrust estimated. More...

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