Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kosmos 65MP



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Kosmos 8K63 LV
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian orbital launch vehicle. Adaptation of 11K65M launcher for suborbital and single orbit test of subscale prototypes of Spiral and Buran manned spaceplanes (BOR-4 and BOR-5).

LEO Payload: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb) to a 400 km orbit. Payload: 700 kg (1,540 lb) to a 1,600 km orbit. Launch Price $: 10.000 million in 1994 dollars.

Stage Data - Kosmos 65MP

  • Stage 1. 1 x Kosmos-1. Gross Mass: 87,200 kg (192,200 lb). Empty Mass: 5,300 kg (11,600 lb). Thrust (vac): 1,740.023 kN (391,173 lbf). Isp: 292 sec. Burn time: 130 sec. Isp(sl): 248 sec. Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Span: 4.40 m (14.40 ft). Length: 22.40 m (73.40 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-216. Other designations: Skean; SS-5; R-14; 8K65; 65; 11K65. Status: In Production. Comments: Launch count 411 orbital and ca. 300 suborbital to end 1994. Failures based on proration of failures to orbit.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Kosmos-2. Gross Mass: 20,135 kg (44,390 lb). Empty Mass: 1,435 kg (3,163 lb). Thrust (vac): 156.000 kN (35,070 lbf). Isp: 303 sec. Burn time: 375 sec. Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Span: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Length: 6.00 m (19.60 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: 11D49. Other designations: S3. Status: In Production. Comments: Launch count 411 orbital and ca. 300 suborbital to end 1994. Failures based on proration of failures to orbit.

AKA: Kosmos 3MP; 65MP; SL-8; Skean; C-1.
Status: Out of production.
Gross mass: 107,500 kg (236,900 lb).
Payload: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb).
Height: 26.30 m (86.20 ft).
Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft).
Thrust: 1,477.82 kN (332,227 lbf).
Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • BOR-4 Russian manned spaceplane. 4 launches, 1982.06.04 (Cosmos 1374) to 1984.12.19 (Cosmos 1614). BOR-4 were subscale test versions of the Spiral manned spaceplanes. More...

Associated Engines
  • 11D49 Isayev Nitric acid/UDMH rocket engine. 157.5 kN. Kosmos-3M stage 2. Engine has one main and four steering nozzles. Thrust 157.5 + 4 x 25 kN. Precessor was 11D47 in R-14 (derivative ?) stage 2. Isp=303s. First flight 1964. More...
  • RD-216 Glushko Nitric acid/UDMH rocket engine. 1728 kN. R-14, Kosmos 11K65 stage 1. Isp=291s. RD-216 was an assembly of 2 RD-215's with 2 combustion chambers and 2 turbines. Two sets of these were in turn used in the first stage of the R-14. First flight 1964. More...

See also
  • Kosmos 3 In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Polyot Russian manufacturer of rockets. AKO Polyot, Omsk, Omsk, Russia. More...

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