Encyclopedia Astronautica
Jericho 2


Israeli intermediate range ballistic missile. Tactical ballistic missile. Probably corresponds to first two stages of Shavit launch vehicle.

Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1994-09-15. Last Fail Date: 1994-09-15. Maximum range: 1,450 km (900 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Initial Operational Capability: 1990.

AKA: Jericho II.
Location: Be'er Yaakov, Israel.
Status: Active.
Gross mass: 22,000 kg (48,000 lb).
Height: 12.59 m (41.31 ft).
Diameter: 1.71 m (5.60 ft).
Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft).
Thrust: 610.00 kN (137,130 lbf).
Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
First Launch: 1987.05.01.
Last Launch: 2008.01.17.
Number: 6 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Daniel Israel and South Africa collaborated closely in rocket technology in the 1970's and 1980's. South Africa provided Israel with the uranium and test facilities it needed for its strategic weapons programmes. In exchange Israel provided aerospace technology. This included the capability of building the ten-tonne solid propellant rocket motors designed for the Israeli Jericho-2 missile. These motors were the basis of two space launchers for an indigenous 'R5b' space programme. It seems that South Africa also planned to use these motors in a series of missiles to provide a nuclear deterrent. More...
  • Jericho First Israeli ballistic missile. Developed by Dassualt in France as the MD-620. Test series included both one and two stage prototypes. Follow-on versions were said to have differed. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • IAI Israeli manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Israel Aircraft Industries, Israel. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Palmachim Israeli coastal missile test site from which the Shavit satellite launch vehicle is also launched. A due-west launch over the Mediterranean is required to avoid overflying Arab countries, resulting in unique orbital inclinations and directions.

    The site was known to have been used for 40 launches from 1987 to 2007. More...


Associated Stages

Jericho 2 Chronology


1987 May 1 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1988 January 1 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2.
  • - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1989 September 14 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1994 September 15 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2. LV Configuration: Jericho II 3?. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 'Ofeq? - . Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2001 June 27 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2008 January 17 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2. LV Configuration: Jericho III.
  • - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

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