Encyclopedia Astronautica
Jason



jason.jpg
Jason
American sounding rocket. The five-stage Jason rocket was developed by the US Air Force for monitoring of radiation in near-earth space (700-800 km) after high altitude nuclear explosions. Originally known as the Argo E-5, it consisted of an Honest John plus Nike plus Nike plus Recruit plus T-55. First used in 1958.

They were used in July-September 1958 to study the effects before and after the Argus test series. The five stage vehicle consisting of an unmodified Honest John military rocket first stage, topped by two Nike stages in tandem, then a Recruit fourth stage and T-55 fifth stage. In later tests it was replaced by the simpler four-stage Javelin.

From NASA SOUNDING ROCKETS, 1958-1968 - A Historical Summary, NASA SP-4401, 1971, by William R. Corliss

During the first year of the existence of Goddard's Sounding Rocket Branch, several sounding rockets, whose development predated NASA, came into the "stable" of vehicles readily available to NASA. Chief among these were the Javelin and Journeyman, both in the so-called Argo series. The Argo series was developed by the Aerolab Development Co. under the sponsorship of NACA/NASA, with support from the Air Force Special Weapons Center, the Naval Bureau of Ordnance, and the Allegany Ballistics Laboratory.

The Argo vehicles were derived from a family of NACA/NASA hypersonic test vehicles, after the fashion of the Nike-Deacon and Nike-Cajun. Aerolab has designed a long series of Argo rockets, including the Argo E-20, designed to lift 4.5 kg (10 lb) to 24 384 m (80 000 ft); but only the Jason (Argo E-5), the Javelin (Argo D-4), and the Journeyman (Argo D-8) have seen significant use. NASA never employed the Jason, but it is the rocket that the Air Force employed to measure high-altitude nuclear radiation during the Argus experiments in the late summer of 1958, when nuclear weapons were exploded at high altitudes. NASA has used the Javelin to some extent. The Journeyman helped NASA gather radiation data prior to the Mercury flights and has also seen some Air Force use. In general, the Argos are rather large by sounding rocket standards. They were all put together from off-the-shelf military hardware, often following vehicle adaptations by Langley Research Center. NASA use of the Argo series has been minimal.

Payload: 57 kg (125 lb) to a 800 km altitude. Failures: 2. Success Rate: 90.91%. First Fail Date: 1958-07-11. Last Fail Date: 1958-07-17. Launch data is: complete.

AKA: Argo.
Status: Retired 1958.
Gross mass: 3,330 kg (7,340 lb).
Payload: 57 kg (125 lb).
Height: 17.50 m (57.40 ft).
Diameter: 0.58 m (1.90 ft).
Thrust: 365.00 kN (82,055 lbf).
Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).
First Launch: 1958.07.11.
Last Launch: 1958.09.02.
Number: 22 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Alway, Peter, Rockets of the World, Saturn Press, Ann Arbor, 1995.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...
  • Ramey Sounding rocket launch site used in support of high-altitude monitoring after Project Argus nuclear tests. Six launches in 1958 reached up to 825 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cape Canaveral LC10 Navaho, Jason, Draco launch complex. The complex was built to support the Navaho winged intercontinental missile program. The Air Force accepted both sites 9 and 10 on 29 June 1956. Complex 10 supported its first Navaho launch on 622 March 1957 respectively. In all, 11 Navaho XSM-64 vehicles were launched from the sites. Both complexes were demolished in 1959 to make room for Minuteman complexes 31 and 32. More...

Associated Stages
  • HJ Nike-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,900/954 kg. Thrust 365.00 kN. Rocket motor originally developed for the Army Honest John tactical missile. In sounding rocket applications the interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Taurus and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Taurus burnout. Each Taurus fin was 0.46 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Taurus burnout. The weight of the booster system is 3005 pounds. More...
  • HJ Nike Nike-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 599/256 kg. Thrust 195.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 195 seconds. The average sea level thrust of the Nike rocket motor was 190.3 kN. The interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Nike and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Nike burnout. Each Nike fin was 0.45 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Nike burnout. More...

Jason Chronology


1958 July 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason J-A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSWC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 July 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason J-B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason J-CX.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 750 km (460 mi). Summary: In 3-week period, 19 five-stage Argo E5 sounding rockets were launched in USAF-NACA program to measure radiation caused by Project Argus, rockets reaching 500-mile altitude and were launched from Wallops Island, AMR, and Ramey AFB, Puerto Rico..

1958 August 15 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 1822.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi).

1958 August 20 - . 11:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 1841.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 August 25 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 1859.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 August 27 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Pad: LC10?. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 1909.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 937 km (582 mi).

1958 August 27 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 1914.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 August 27 - . 06:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 1917.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 817 km (507 mi).

1958 August 27 - . 07:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 1913 J-15.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 03:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2019 J-16.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 817 km (507 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Pad: LC10?. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2022.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 878 km (545 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2021 J-17.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 830 km (510 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 05:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2023.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 825 km (512 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 06:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Pad: LC10?. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2025.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 699 km (434 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2024 J-18.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 815 km (506 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2027 J-19.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 745 km (462 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2026.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 August 31 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Pad: LC10?. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2020.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 September 2 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2041.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 September 2 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2042 J-20.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 789 km (490 mi).

1958 September 2 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Pad: LC10?. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 2043.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 789 km (490 mi).

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