Encyclopedia Astronautica
Hera



hera.jpg
Hera
American target missile. Two stage vehicle used as a target for test of anti-ballistic missile systems. The vehicle consisted of surplus Minuteman 2 second and third stages (SR19AJ1 + M57A1).

In October 1992, the U.S. Army Space and Strategic Defense Command (USASSDC) awarded the HERA Theatre Missile Defense (TMD) contract to the team of Coleman Aerospace Corporation (prime contractor), Space Vector Corporation (subcontractor) and Aerotherm Corporation (subcontractor). The HERA program provided the Army with a total of twenty-five flight vehicles. A variety of vehicle configurations provided ballistic missile targets for ABM systems such as THAAD and PATRIOT. The HERA target was a two-stage vehicle consisting of modified second and third stage motors from the Minuteman II ICBM, new design Guidance and Control module, Motor Adapter module, and Aft Skirt, modified Minuteman Interstages, and an instrumented ballistic reentry vehicle. The target vehicles were launched from White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), New Mexico and Fort Wingate, New Mexico.

Failures: 4. Success Rate: 83.33%. First Fail Date: 1997-11-17. Last Fail Date: 2006-09-13. Launch data is: continuing.

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 11,360 kg (25,040 lb).
Height: 11.90 m (39.00 ft).
Diameter: 1.32 m (4.33 ft).
Thrust: 267.00 kN (60,023 lbf).
Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
First Launch: 1995.04.24.
Last Launch: 2009.10.15.
Number: 27 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Fort Wingate Military testing range. In use from 1958 to present. Known to have been used for 71 major launches from 1960 to 2002, reaching up to 250 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Barking Sands Military missile test and sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1962 to present. Sandia National Laboratories operates the Kauai Test Facility for the Department of Energy and, through inter-Service Support Agreements provides the Barking Sands Pacific Missile Range Facility with rocket launch services for target systems and upper atmosphere measurements. PMRF/KTF is recognized in the INF Treaty as an authorized site from which launches of the STARS missile can be conducted. The site was recently involved in anti-ballistic missile tests. Known to have been used for 2320 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • White Sands LC32 Storm-2, Hera launch complex. Launch site for anti-ballistic missile targets. These are most often test vehicles composed of surplus Minuteman ICBM stages. More...

Associated Stages
  • Hera-2 Solid rocket stage. 76.00 kN (17,085 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,900 kg (4,189 lb). More...
  • Minuteman 2-2 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 7,032/795 kg. Thrust 267.70 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 287.5 seconds. Second stage of Minuteman 2. Used as second stage of Minotaur launch vehicle and various SDI targets in 1980's. More...

Hera Chronology


1995 April 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC32. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 1.
  • BRV/Propulsion Test Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1995 October 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 2.
  • BRV/THAAD Demo Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1996 February 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 3.
  • BRV/Piledriver Demo Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1996 March 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 4.
  • BRV/THAAD Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1996 July 15 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 5.
  • BRV/THAAD Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1996 October 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 6.
  • BRV/THAAD RST-1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1997 March 6 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 7.
  • BRV/THAAD Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1997 November 17 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MTV - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1998 March 2 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 9.
  • MBRV-3 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1998 May 12 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 10.
  • BRV/THAAD Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1998 December 14 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • PAC-3 SCF Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1999 March 15 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 12.
  • BRV/PAC-3 SCF Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1999 March 29 - . 12:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 13.
  • BRV/THAAD Target 4 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1999 May 25 - . 11:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BRV/THAAD Target 5 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1999 June 10 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 15.
  • BRV/THAAD Target 6 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi).

1999 August 2 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 16.
  • BRV/THAAD Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1999 September 16 - . 13:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 17.
  • BRV/PAC-3 DT-3 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2000 February 5 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 18.
  • MBRV-3/PAC-3 DT-5 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

2001 March 31 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 19/MBRV-3.
  • MBRV-3/PAC-3 DT-8a Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2001 July 9 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 20/MBRV-1E.
  • MBRV-1E/PAC DT/OT-9a Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

2002 March 21 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 21/MBRV-3.
  • PAC-3 OT/DT-1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2006 July 12 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera BRV.
  • THAAD Target FTT-4? - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA MDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2006 September 13 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX?. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera BRV Sep?. FAILURE: Failure.
  • THAAD Target FTT-5? - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA MDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2007 October 27 - . 07:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: MLP. Launch Vehicle: Hera.
  • THAAD Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2009 March 25 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Vehicle: Hera.
  • PAC-3 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Target.

2009 September 16 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera JASDF Target.
  • PAC-3 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2009 October 15 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera ATM-48 Target.
  • PAC-2 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

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