Encyclopedia Astronautica
Groza


Variant of the Energia launch vehicle with two strap-on boosters instead of four. This would have fullfilled the 50 tonne payload requirement had the third generation booster plan been fully implemented.

LEO Payload: 50,000 kg (110,000 lb) to a 200 km orbit at 51.60 degrees.

Stage Data - Groza

  • Stage 1. 1 x Energia Core. Gross Mass: 905,000 kg (1,995,000 lb). Empty Mass: 85,000 kg (187,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 7,848.124 kN (1,764,328 lbf). Isp: 453 sec. Burn time: 480 sec. Isp(sl): 354 sec. Diameter: 7.75 m (25.42 ft). Span: 7.75 m (25.42 ft). Length: 58.77 m (192.80 ft). Propellants: Lox/LH2. No Engines: 4. Engine: RD-0120. Status: Out of Production.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Energia RCS. Gross Mass: 17,000 kg (37,000 lb). Empty Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Thrust (vac): 84.935 kN (19,094 lbf). Isp: 352 sec. Burn time: 680 sec. Diameter: 3.70 m (12.10 ft). Span: 3.70 m (12.10 ft). Length: 5.70 m (18.70 ft). Propellants: Lox/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-58. Other designations: Retro and Correction Stage. Status: Out of Production. Comments: Adaptation of Block D for Energia payload orbital insertion.

Status: Design 1987.
Gross mass: 1,700,000 kg (3,700,000 lb).
Payload: 50,000 kg (110,000 lb).
Height: 97.00 m (318.00 ft).
Diameter: 7.75 m (25.42 ft).
Thrust: 23,500.00 kN (5,283,000 lbf).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

More... - Chronology...


See also
  • Energia The Energia-Buran Reusable Space System (MKS) began development in 1976 as a Soviet booster that would exceed the capabilities of the US shuttle system. Following extended development, Energia made two successful flights in 1987-1988. But the Soviet Union was crumbling, and the ambitious plans to build an orbiting defense shield, to renew the ozone layer, dispose of nuclear waste, illuminate polar cities, colonize the moon and Mars, were not to be. Funding dried up and the Energia-Buran program completely disappeared from the government's budget after 1993. More...
  • Winged In the beginning, nobody (except Jules Verne) thought anybody would be travelling to space and back in ballistic cannon balls. The only proper way for a space voyager to return to earth was at the controls of a real winged airplane. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

Associated Stages
  • Energia Core Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 905,000/85,000 kg. Thrust 7,848.12 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 453 seconds. More...
  • Energia RCS Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 17,000/2,000 kg. Thrust 84.94 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 352 seconds. Adaptation of Block D for Energia payload orbital insertion. More...

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