Encyclopedia Astronautica
Gamma Centauro


Argentinan sounding rocket. Argentine two-stage solid-propellant fin-stabilized rocket flown in the early 1960's for technology development and scientific research.

It followed the smaller Alpha and Beta Centauro rockets flown as part of technology development. There was an 18 second interval between burnout of the first stage and ignition of the second stage. The rocket could reach a maximum speed of 867 m/s and an altitude of 45 km.

Payload: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb) to a 59 km altitude. Success Rate: 100.00%. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1965.
Gross mass: 27 kg (60 lb).
Payload: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb).
Height: 2.43 m (7.98 ft).
Diameter: 0.13 m (0.44 ft).
Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).
First Launch: 1962.11.15.
Last Launch: 1965.02.08.
Number: 9 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
  • Argentina The Argentine Interplanetary Society was organized in the 1940's. In 1952 Argentina was one of the founding members of the International Astronautical Federation. From 1960 the Comision Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales (CNIE) worked with the Argentine Air Force's Instituto de Investigaciones Aeronauticas y Espaciales (IIAE) to develop indigenous sounding rockets and missiles. Argentina was the first country in Latin America to send an object into space using an indigenously-developed rocket. In the 1980's Argentina took part in a multinational effort to develop the Condor intermediate range missile. Under American pressure, the Condor Program was canceled in 1991, the IIAE and CNIE were dismantled, and further work on launch vehicles was banned. A new civilian space agency, CONAE was created, which concentrated on development of surveillance satellites for earth resource and environmental monitoring. More...

See also
Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • CELPA Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 92 launches from 1962 to 1974, reaching up to 406 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Puente del Inca Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1964, reaching up to 35 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Base Matienzo Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1965, reaching up to 35 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages

Gamma Centauro Chronology


1962 November 15 - . Launch Site: CELPA. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1963 October 1 - . Launch Site: CELPA. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1964 July 27 - . Launch Site: Puente del Inca. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1965 February 6 - . Launch Site: CELPA. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1965 February 6 - . Launch Site: CELPA. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro.
  • - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1965 February 6 - . Launch Site: Base Matienzo. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1965 February 6 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Matienzo. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro. LV Configuration: Gamma Centauro 16.
  • Matienzo Ionos XR - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1965 February 8 - . Launch Site: CELPA. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro.
  • - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1965 February 8 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Matienzo. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro. LV Configuration: Gamma Centauro 15.
  • Matienzo Ionos XR - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

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