Encyclopedia Astronautica
Europa II

Europa 2L
Credit: ESA
European orbital launch vehicle. Four stage version of the Europa vehicle, adding a P068 fourth stage.

LEO Payload: 1,160 kg (2,550 lb). Payload: 360 kg (790 lb) to a GTO. Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1971-11-05. Last Fail Date: 1971-11-05.

Gross mass: 111,700 kg (246,200 lb).
Payload: 1,160 kg (2,550 lb).
Height: 31.70 m (104.00 ft).
Diameter: 3.05 m (10.00 ft).
Thrust: 1,512.00 kN (339,911 lbf).
Apogee: 40,000 km (24,000 mi).
First Launch: 1971.11.05.
Number: 1 .

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • STV 4 French technology satellite. One launch, 1971.11.05. More...

See also
  • Europa Europe's first space launcher. The first stage was a British Blue Streak IRBM, the second stage the French Coralie, and the third stage the German Astris. All orbital launch attempts failed due to unreliability of the third stage. The project was cancelled after withdrawal of British support and replaced by the Ariane. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ELDO European agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. European Launcher Development Organisation, Europe. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kourou After the agreement with newly independent Algeria for France to evacuate their launch sites in that country, a location near Biscarosse was selected for French missile testing. However since only launches westwards across the Bay of Biscay could be made from this site, it was unsuitable for France's Diamant orbital launch vehicle. After reviewing 14 potential sites, a location in the South American French colony of Guiana was selected. This would allow over-water launches to a tremendous range of possible orbital inclinations -- from -100.5 deg to 1.5 deg. Being near the equator, it would provide the maximum assist from the earth's rotation for launches into equatorial orbits. The decision was formalized in April 1964 and in July 1966 ELDO chose the site for future launches of the Europa II launch vehicle. More...

Associated Stages
  • Astris N2O4/Aerozine-50 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 3,370/610 kg. Thrust 23.33 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 310 seconds. More...
  • Diamant B-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 800/120 kg. Thrust 50.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 211 seconds. More...
  • Europa-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 11,894/2,099 kg. Thrust 274.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 277 seconds. More...
  • Europa-1 Lox/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 89,406/6,997 kg. Thrust 1,672.67 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 282 seconds. More...

Europa II Chronology

1971 November 5 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Pad: CECLES. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Europa II. LV Configuration: Europa II F-11. FAILURE: Structural failure of third stage. Guidance signals were reversed.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Europa F-11 / STV 4 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STV 4. Decay Date: 1971-11-05 . COSPAR: F711105A. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

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