Encyclopedia Astronautica
Emma


French test vehicle. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Emma Booster + 1 x Emma

Failures: 1. Success Rate: 87.50%. First Fail Date: 1963-10-08. Last Fail Date: 1963-10-08. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1963.
Height: 3.90 m (12.70 ft).
Diameter: 0.14 m (0.45 ft).
Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).
First Launch: 1963.02.19.
Last Launch: 1963.10.10.
Number: 8 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Hammaguira The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967. More...

Associated Stages
  • Emma-1 Solid rocket stage. 1.40 kN (315 lbf) thrust. Mass 50 kg (110 lb). More...
  • Emma-0 Solid rocket stage. 14.80 kN (3,327 lbf) thrust. Mass 20 kg (44 lb). More...

Emma Chronology


1963 February 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 05.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 February 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 February 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 02.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1963 February 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 01.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1963 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1963 October 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: Emma. LV Configuration: Emma 04.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

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