Encyclopedia Astronautica

Earl 2 Spaceplane
Credit: Mark Lindroos
German winged orbital launch vehicle. Later EARL version from 1990. Parallel staging, both stages winged and recoverable. Expendable upper stage for heavy-lift missions.

Status: Study 1990.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
  • EARL Vertical takoff / horizontal landing two-stage launch vehicle study from the 1980s. More...
  • Winged In the beginning, nobody (except Jules Verne) thought anybody would be travelling to space and back in ballistic cannon balls. The only proper way for a space voyager to return to earth was at the controls of a real winged airplane. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ESA European agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. European Space Agency, Europe. More...

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