Encyclopedia Astronautica

Earl 1 Spaceplane
Credit: Mark Lindroos
German winged orbital launch vehicle. A larger Earl 14 configuration was studied, but the study centered on the Earl 5 / 18 / 7 configurations. The second stage was mounted on top of the booster. Earl 5 and 7 had winged second stages, with payloads to low earth orbit of 5380 kg to 7180 kg. Earl 14 featured an expendable upper stage which increased payload to 18,000 kg.

LEO Payload: 5,380 kg (11,860 lb).

Status: Study 1987.
Gross mass: 270,000 kg (590,000 lb).
Payload: 5,380 kg (11,860 lb).
Height: 52.40 m (171.90 ft).
Diameter: 5.50 m (18.00 ft).
Thrust: 4,200.00 kN (944,100 lbf).

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
  • EARL Vertical takoff / horizontal landing two-stage launch vehicle study from the 1980s. More...
  • Winged In the beginning, nobody (except Jules Verne) thought anybody would be travelling to space and back in ballistic cannon balls. The only proper way for a space voyager to return to earth was at the controls of a real winged airplane. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ESA European agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. European Space Agency, Europe. More...

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