Encyclopedia Astronautica
DF-2A


Chinese intermediate range ballistic missile. Extended-range version of DF-2. The missile featured reduced thrust, but 20% more range, and used autonomous gyroscopic guidance in place of the DF-2's radio system.

Standard warhead: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Maximum range: 1,250 km (770 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Warhead yield: 20 KT. CEP: 3.71 km (2.30 mi). Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket. Initial Operational Capability: 1970. Total Number Built: 50.

AKA: Dong-Feng 2A.
Gross mass: 31,900 kg (70,300 lb).
Payload: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb).
Height: 20.61 m (67.61 ft).
Diameter: 1.65 m (5.41 ft).
Span: 2.13 m (6.98 ft).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).
First Launch: 1965.11.01.
Last Launch: 1966.10.27.
Number: 2 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • DF-2 First Chinese IRBM, a single stage missile with the objective of carrying a 1500 kg warhead to Japan. The starting point for the design were R-12 construction drawings and a single exemplar of the missile provided by the Soviet Union prior to the break with Moscow in 1960. Following protracted development the design was accepted by the Chinese military for service in 1970. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CALT Chinese manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, Beijing, China. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Jiuquan China's first launch center, also known as Shuang Cheng Tzu. Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre, situated at 100 degrees East, 41 degrees North, is located in the Jiuquan Region, Gansu province, north-western China. It was China's first ballistic missile and satellite launch centre. More...

Associated Stages
  • DF-2A-1 Nitric acid/kerosene rocket stage. 300.00 kN (67,443 lbf) thrust. Mass 30,000 kg (66,139 lb). More...

DF-2A Chronology


1964 October 16 - . LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2A.
  • First Chinese atomic bomb tested. - . Nation: China. Program: Long March. Summary: The warhead had a yield of 20 kilotons..

1964 November 4 - . LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2A.
  • Go-ahead for DF-2A. - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Program: Long March. Summary: Decision to proceed with DF-2A extended range version of DF-2.

November 1965 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2A.
  • First successful test of DF-2A. - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: First launch of redesigned DF-2. The flight demonstrated a 20% improvement in range for the same 1500 kg payload, and replaced the radio guidance of the DF-2 with an autonoumous gyroscopic system..

1966 October 27 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2A.
  • Nuclear test - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). DF-2A launched with a 1290 kg, 12 kt warhead from Jiuquan flew over a range of 800 km to Lop Nor, where the warhead successfully exploded. The Ninth Academy was responsible for development of the nuclear package. Tsien protégé Guo Yonghuai was the liaison between the Fifth and Ninth Academies for the development.

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