Encyclopedia Astronautica
Black Brant 8C


Canadian sounding rocket.

Failures: 2. Success Rate: 97.83%. First Fail Date: 1978-08-14. Last Fail Date: 1982-11-16.

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb).
Height: 11.90 m (39.00 ft).
Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft).
Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).
First Launch: 1976.11.17.
Last Launch: 2004.09.17.
Number: 92 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Poker Flat Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1969 to present. Poker Flat Rocket Range (PFRR) contains five major launch pads. Pads 1 and 2 each have a 7.5K launcher, pads 3 and 4 each contain 20K MRL launchers, and pad 5 contains a 4K twin boom launcher. Pad 3 is equipped with a moveable launcher enclosure which can be used to protect a rocket on pad 3 and workers from the severe winter weather. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Kwajalein The US military base located on this Pacific island group has major tracking facilities and is near the impact area for dummy warheads fired by ICBM's from Vandenberg AFB. It is a key test location for anti-ballistic missile systems. More...
  • San Marco In 1962 NASA signed an agreement with the Centro Ricerche Aerospaziali at the University of Rome creating the San Marco program. The purpose of the program was to place an Italian satellite in orbit and to create an Italian equatorial launch site for the Scout rocket. Permission was obtained from Kenya to emplace two modified oil platforms off their coast, on the equator. The Santa Rita platform would serve as a launch control center and would also be used for launch of sounding rockets. The San Marco platform would be dedicated to launch of Scout rockets to orbit. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Sonde Stromfjord The Danish Meteorological Institute established this sounding rocket range in 1971. The site was located next to an airport at the end of the fjord and was only occupied during launch campaigns. The location was well-suited for observation of the Arctic aurora and ionosphere. Known to have been used for 31 launches from 1971 to 1987, reaching up to 816 kilometers altitude. More...
  • White Sands LC36 Terrier, Redstone, Nike, Little Joe II, Honest John, Black Brant, Storm, Aries, Apollo LES launch complex. Originally designated Army Launch Area 2, LC36 was later a LC36 was a NASA facility that supported tests of the Apollo Launch Escape System. It was also used to launch NASA sounding rocket missions. The complex included a blockhouse, launch control equipment, and launchers with environmental shelters. These launchers included:
    • An 11-m rail with 3600 kg capacity
    • A 15-m rail with 11,000 kg capacity
    • A 50-m tower with 3600 kg capacity
    • A 1.2-m diameter stool with 23,000 kg capacity
    • A 9-m rail with 7000 kg capacity.
    More...

Associated Stages
  • 26KS20000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,264/268 kg. Thrust 75.70 kN. Four-finned version. More...
  • HJ Nike Nike-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 599/256 kg. Thrust 195.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 195 seconds. The average sea level thrust of the Nike rocket motor was 190.3 kN. The interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Nike and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Nike burnout. Each Nike fin was 0.45 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Nike burnout. More...

Black Brant 8C Chronology


1976 November 17 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.01CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1976 November 19 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.02UH.
  • UCB extreme ultraviolet telescope Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1977 June 9 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.08UH.
  • SAO XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1977 July 27 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.31UH.
  • SAO XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1977 October 21 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C SSC S19B.
  • S19 Guidance test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi).

1978 January 31 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.29CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1978 April 11 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.26UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi).

1978 August 14 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.34DS. FAILURE: Failure.
  • HRTS-3 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C S23-H.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi).

1979 April 13 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.33AS-US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1979 April 21 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.38UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1979 June 5 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.28US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1979 June 21 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.40UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1979 July 3 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.32CS.
  • Solar Corona Solar x-ray telescope mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.39UE.
  • SSC S29 Barium-GEOS Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi).

1979 October 17 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.16NP.
  • SPAR 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1979 November 7 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.30CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.43AS.
  • LASL Eclipse La Solar eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.42AS.
  • LASL Eclipse La Solar eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.37US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1980 May 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.18NP.
  • SPAR 7 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1980 June 10 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.46AS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1980 June 24 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.41UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1980 July 15 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.44US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1980 September 23 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.36CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1980 September 26 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.35DH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 November 19 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.19NP.
  • SPAR 8 (R-19) Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 December 9 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.47GG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1981 January 21 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.17NP.
  • SPAR 9 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1981 February 13 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.50CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1981 March 24 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.55UH.
  • Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1981 May 4 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.58UH.
  • Soft XRB 2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi).

1981 May 6 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.60UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1981 September 30 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C SSC S33.
  • PIRAT Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1981 November 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.52US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1982 January 27 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.45UE.
  • SCEX Ionosphere active mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1982 April 17 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.59GG.
  • UIT Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi).

1982 June 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.68AH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1982 July 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.54CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1982 July 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.53US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1982 August 10 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.76UL.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Absolute Calibration Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi).

1982 October 23 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.48UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1982 November 16 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.73US. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1983 May 14 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.67UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1983 June 17 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.72NP.
  • SPAR 10 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1983 June 29 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.27UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1983 July 25 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.81US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1983 August 8 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.61UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1983 August 16 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.79UL.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Absolute Calibration Aeronomy / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi).

1983 September 20 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.56GS.
  • SERTS-1 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1983 December 7 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.77UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1984 February 28 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C ADD-VIIIC-10.
  • ARIES B Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1984 March 3 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C ADD-VIIIC-9.
  • ARIES A Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1984 June 19 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.89US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1984 October 6 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.71UG.
  • IMAPS 1 Far ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1984 December 10 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.101GU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi).

1985 March 27 - . 06:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.98UL.
  • Auroral Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1985 April 20 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.82UG.
  • IMAPS 2 Far ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1985 June 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C GL A19.250.
  • BERT Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1985 October 25 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.90CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1986 February 1 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.103UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1986 March 7 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.104GU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi).

1986 October 15 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.75GS.
  • SERTS-2 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1986 October 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.99US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1987 March 21 - . 06:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C GL A19.427.
  • COPE II (POLAR ARC) Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi).

1987 July 27 - . 17:27 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.107US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1987 August 7 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.112UE.
  • ERIC I Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1987 October 23 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.92US.
  • MSSTA 0 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1988 July 27 - . 05:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.120UE.
  • TR 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1988 September 15 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.110UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1988 December 7 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.121UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1989 July 17 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.122UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1989 July 24 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C SP-4 DRO-0401.
  • CHEER / Black Star 1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1989 August 13 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C SP-4 DRO-0402.
  • CHEER / Black Star 2 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1990 January 21 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • COBRA Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 July 16 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.124UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1991 September 6 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.129UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1992 March 3 - . 14:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.130CE.
  • Aria-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1992 July 24 - . 13:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.133UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1992 August 27 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 12.045WT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1993 May 6 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.136UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi).

1994 January 30 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.137UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1994 February 12 - . 13:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.131CE.
  • Aria-II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1995 February 2 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.138CE.
  • Aria-II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1995 November 27 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.139CE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1995 December 4 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: LC36 Tower. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.132UH.
  • XQC F1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1996 June 4 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: LC36 Athena. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.140UH.
  • XQC F2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1999 March 28 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.141UH.
  • XQC F3 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

2000 July 17 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.143UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

2003 June 30 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.144UE.
  • Intermediate Layers Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

2004 September 3 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.145UE.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

2004 September 17 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.146UE.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

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